SSAT Middle Level Math : How to find the missing part of a list

Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Sets

Define two sets as follows:

Which of the following is a subset of  ?

Possible Answers:

Each of the sets listed is a subset of .

Correct answer:

Explanation:

is the union of  and  - that is, it is the set of all elements in one set or the other.

A set is a subset of  if and only if every one of its elements is in . Three of the listed sets do not meet this criterion:

,   , and , but none of those three elements are in . All of the elements in  do appear in , however, so it is the subset.

Example Question #2 : Sets

Define two sets as follows:

Which of the following numbers is an element of  ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

is the intersection of  and  - the set of all elements appearing in both sets. Thus, an element can be eliminated from  by demonstrating either that it is not an element of or that it is not an element of .

is the set of positive integers ending in "5". 513 and 657 are not in , so they are not in .

is the set of muliples of 9. We test the three remaining numbers easily by seeing if 9 divides their digit sum:

425 and 565 are not multiples of 9; neither is in , so neither is in .

and , so   . This is the correct choice.

Example Question #3 : Sets

Complete the set by determining the value of .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The set is composed of consecutive squares.

We can see that will b equal to

Therefore, 36 is the correct answer.

Example Question #4 : Sets

Define sets  and  as follows:

How many elements are in the set  ?

Possible Answers:

Four

Three

One

The correct answer is not given among the other responses.

Two

Correct answer:

The correct answer is not given among the other responses.

Explanation:

The elements of the set  - that is, the intersection of  and  - are exactly those in both sets. We can test each of the six elements in  for inclusion in set  by dividing each by 7 and noting which divisions yield no remainder:

and  have no elements in common, so  has zero elements. This is not one of the choices.

Example Question #5 : Sets

Which of the following is a subset of the set

?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

For a set to be a subset of , all of its elements must be elements of  - that is, all of its elements must be multiples of 3. A set can therefore be proved to not be a subset of  by identifying one element not a multiple of 3.

We can do that with four choices:

However, the remaining set, , can be demonstrated to include only multiples of 3:

is the correct choice.

Example Question #6 : Sets

Define sets  and  as follows:

How many elements are in the set  ?

Possible Answers:

Two

Three

The correct answer is not given among the other responses.

One

None

Correct answer:

Three

Explanation:

The elements of the set  - that is, the intersection of  and  - are exactly those in both sets. We can test each of the six elements in  for inclusion in set  by testing for divisibility by 5 - but this can be accomplished by looking at the last digit. Only 345, 600, and 855 have last digit 5 or 0 so only these three elements are divisible by 5. This makes three the correct answer.

Example Question #7 : Sets

Which of the following is a subset of the set

?

Possible Answers:

The correct answer is not among the answer choices.

Correct answer:

The correct answer is not among the answer choices.

Explanation:

We show that none of the four listed sets can be a subset of the primes by identifying one composite number in each - that is, by proving that there is at least one factor not equal to 1 or itself:

, so 25 has 5 as a factor, and 25 is not prime.

, so 9 has 3 as a factor, and 9 is not prime.

, so 21 has 3 and 7 as factors, and 21 is not prime.

, so 21 has 3 and 9 as factors, and 27 is not prime.

Since each set has at least one element that is not a prime, each has at least one element not in , and none of the sets are subsets of .

Example Question #8 : Sets

How many of the following four numbers are elements of the set

?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Possible Answers:

Four

Two

None

One

Three

Correct answer:

Three

Explanation:

By dividing the numerator of each fraction by its denominator, each fraction can be rewritten as its decimal equivalent:

All fractions except can be seen to fall between 0.3 and 0.4, exclusive. Three is the correct answer.

Note that  is equal to 0.4, so we don't include it. The criterion requires strict inequality.

Example Question #9 : Sets

Define .

How many of the four sets listed are subsets of the set ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Possible Answers:

One

Two

None

Three

Four

Correct answer:

Two

Explanation:

For a set to be a subset of , all of its elements must also be elements of  - that is, all of its elements must be multiples of 5. An integer is a multiple of 5 if and only if its last digit is 5 or 0, so all we have to do is examine the last digit of each number in all four sets.

In the sets  and , every element ends in a 5 or a 0, so all elements of both sets are in ; both sets are subsets of

However,  includes one element that does not end in either 5 or 0, namely 8934, so 8934 is not an element in ; subsequently, this set is not a subset of . Similarly,  is not a subset of , since it includes 7472, which ends in neither 0 nor 5.

The correct answer is therefore two.

Example Question #1 : How To Find The Missing Part Of A List

What are the next two numbers of this sequence?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The sequence is formed by alternately adding  and adding  to each term to get the next term.

and  are the next two numbers.

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