ISEE Lower Level Verbal : Synonyms

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Lower Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #41 : Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

ANTISOCIAL.

Possible Answers:

Ignorant. 

Beautiful. 

Unfriendly. 

Glamorous. 

Foolish. 

Correct answer:

Unfriendly. 

Explanation:

anti- means not, against (greek), so “antisocial” means not social, not friendly, rude. “Glamorous” means fancy, having nice clothes and looking wealthy; “beautiful” means very pretty; “ignorant” means not knowing many things; “foolish” means stupid, being a fool.

Example Question #42 : Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

RECOGNIZE

Possible Answers:

Bungle

Know

Budge

Study

Assume

Correct answer:

Know

Explanation:

The "re-" prefix in "recognize" means again, the "-cogn-" part of the word comes from roots meaning having to do with thinking and knowing (like in the word "cognitive" (having to do with thought)), and the "-ize" indicates that the word is a verb. Given its roots, it makes sense that "recognize" means know again, or in other words, understand something or someone to be familiar to your own personal experience, or acknowledge. You might "recognize" the face of a friend in a crowd, or you might "recognize" a painting in a museum that you've seen before in a textbook; alternately, U.S. law recognizes that citizens have certain inalienable rights. "Know" is thus the answer choice closest in meaning to "recognize." “Assume” means think you know what is true without any evidence supporting your conclusion; “budge” means shift or move even a little bit; “bungle” means ruin or mess up; and "study" means learn about or review in a focused manner, typically in an academic setting and often in preparation for an examination.

Example Question #43 : Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters. 

PREDICTION

Possible Answers:

Title

Speech

Knowledge

Weather

Foretelling

Correct answer:

Foretelling

Explanation:

The prefix "pre-" means before, and the "-dict-" part of "prediction" comes from roots that mean speak, so it makes sense that a "prediction" is saying what you think will happen before it happens, or "foretelling." “Knowledge” is understanding, awareness of something specific, or information one knows; “mischief” means troubleshenanigans, or misbehavior; "speech" is the use of words to communicate information or talk given by one person on a formal occasion; a "title" is the name given to a work of art or a piece of writing; and "weather" is the temporary atmospheric conditions in a specific place.

Example Question #48 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

SUSPEND

Possible Answers:

Arrange

Intrigue

Fasten

Scheme

Delay

Correct answer:

Delay

Explanation:

One of the meanings of "suspend" is hang in the air, but none of the answer choices matches that definition, so we need to consider other definitions of "suspend." Another definition of "suspend" is to "delay" or wait. "Arrange" means organize; "fasten" means attach; "scheme" means plan; and "intrigue" means interest greatly.

Example Question #44 : Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

AVERAGE

Possible Answers:

Excellent

Unusual 

Typical

Constant

Mathematical 

Correct answer:

Typical

Explanation:

Average means to be ordinary, not on the polar end of the spectrum. Something that is typical matches this description. Therefore, typical is the correct answer. A tempting wrong answer is mathematical. While averages are used in math, the two words are not synonyms.

Example Question #50 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

POSITION

Possible Answers:

State

Landmass

Region

Marker

Occupation

Correct answer:

Occupation

Explanation:

The word "position" has many meanings. The general idea involved in many of them is being in a given location. It can also be used in a physical sense as well as a metaphorical sense. Think about your position in one of your classes. This really means how well you have scored so far. We use the word "position" also to locate the "place" someone holds in a company for which they work. Thus, a nurse is one position among many others in a hospital. We might ask, "What position did you apply for?" Hence, the best option for this question is "occupation," meaning job. Do not be tricked by "region" and "landmass". Just because they are physical terms, they are not the same as "position."

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Distinguishing Between Multiple Definitions

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

BRILLIANT

Possible Answers:

Memorable

Careful

Alert

Dazzling

Mathematical

Correct answer:

Dazzling

Explanation:

The word "brilliant" has two main sets of meanings. The word originally comes from roots meaning to shine. Thus, we know of usages like, "The light brilliantly shone on the water." This means that it was shining brightly upon the water. Now, it has also been extended to mean intelligent, as when we say that someone is "bright." In this question, the only possible meaning is "dazzling." The other options may tempt you (especially "mathematical"). However, none of them express a possible meaning for "brilliant."

Example Question #51 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

LIGHT

Possible Answers:

Summer

Known

Cloudy

Interesting

Easy

Correct answer:

Easy

Explanation:

This question is trying to trick you into avoiding the sense of "light" that is implied by the answer choices. Yes, the word "light" has to do with physical light; however, this is not at all the same as being cloudy or, even, with "summer." (Indeed, many summer days could be quite dark and cloudy.) The word "light" can also mean "not heavy," and in this sense, it can also mean, "easy." This is the answer to this question.

Example Question #2 : Synonyms: Distinguishing Between Multiple Definitions

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CLOUDY

Possible Answers:

Rainy

Uncertain

Showering

Predictable

Depressing

Correct answer:

Uncertain

Explanation:

The word "cloudy" is, of course, used to describe the familiar weather condition; however, do not be fooled by this question. It is trying to get you to answer using anything that you might relate to weather. You might even choose "depressing" because many people get depressed during cloudy weather. Do not be tricked! Whenever the air is cloudy, it is not clear. Therefore, the word "cloudy" is sometimes used in an extended sense to mean "not clear" or "uncertain." For example, you could say, "His explanation was somewhat cloudy, so I asked him to be more specific." Also, you could say, "He was a bit cloudy about the details, so he asked several questions to help clarify his knowledge about the event." In both of these cases, the word "cloudy" has to do with a kind of mental uncertainty. The only option that matches this sort of meaning is "uncertain."

Example Question #54 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

VILLAIN

Possible Answers:

Ghost

Monster

Hero

Convict

Devil

Correct answer:

Convict

Explanation:

The word "villain" is often used in stories. It indicates the "bad guy" or the "antagonist" in the story. Now, this might tempt you to choose something like "monster" or "devil," but the best option is actually "convict." Unless the question gives you "antagonist" for an option, you have to use the secondary meaning of "villain," which indicates, in general, someone who inflicts harm on others.

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