ISEE Lower Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns for Abstract Concepts

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Lower Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #51 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

MISCHIEF

Possible Answers:

Trouble

Mistake

Conclusion

Participation

Peace

Correct answer:

Trouble

Explanation:

"Mischief" is a noun that means "playful misbehavior or troublemaking, especially in children," or "harm or trouble caused by someone or something." So, while "mistake" may look like a good answer choice because both "mischief" and "mistake" begin with the prefix "mis-", which means "wrongly," "mistake" does not mean the same thing as "mischief," so "mistake" cannot be the correct answer. "Trouble" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "mischief," so "trouble" is the correct answer.

Example Question #52 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ASPECT

Possible Answers:

Feature

Option

Emergency

Document

Leisure

Correct answer:

Feature

Explanation:

An "aspect" is a feature or a part, so "feature" is the correct answer. A "document" is a piece of paper with information written on it, usually in words. An "option" is a choice or a possible selection. "Leisure" means free time or time off. An "emergency" is a sudden event requiring immediate attention.

Example Question #53 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

SKIRMISH

Possible Answers:

Wound

Armor

Weapon

War

Fight

Correct answer:

Fight

Explanation:

A “skirmish” is a small fight or battle. A "wound" is a physical injury, so while you may receive a wound in a skermish, "wound" does not mean the same thing as "skirmish."

Example Question #54 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

VARIETY 

Possible Answers:

Illusion 

Spectrum

Test

Option 

Diversity

Correct answer:

Diversity

Explanation:

"Variety" refers to the presence of lots of different things in a group or assortment of something. "Diversity" is the quality of a collection of items, people, or abstract ideas including many different types. Given how similar the meanings of these two words are, they are synonyms, and "diversity" is the correct answer.

Example Question #55 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

GAP

Possible Answers:

Space

Tune

Parade

Clothing

Support

Correct answer:

Space

Explanation:

A ”gap” is a hole or empty space in something. The word “support” means help given to someone.

Example Question #56 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CONTROVERSY

Possible Answers:

Supposition

Instinct

Punishment

Declaration

Disagreement

Correct answer:

Disagreement

Explanation:

A “controversy” is a disagreement where two or more people do not think the same thing has happened. Often a “controversy” is something that breaks the rules. The word “punishment” describes what is done to people who do bad things and get caught. An “instinct” is something you feel or do naturally; a “declaration” is a statement, a saying, of something; and a “supposition” is the act of believing something that has no proof or such a belief.

Example Question #57 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

SQUALOR

Possible Answers:

Baggage

Enemy

Benefit

Habitat

Filth

Correct answer:

Filth

Explanation:

“Squalor” is dirt or “filth"; someone who lives in “squalor” lives in very dirty or filthy conditions. The word “baggage” describes something you carry with you, like a suitcase. The word “benefit” means something helpful. A “habitat” is the natural place where something lives, so a monkey’s “habitat” is the jungle.

Example Question #58 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ANGUISH

Possible Answers:

Stupidity

Elation

Confusion

Mockery

Pain

Correct answer:

Pain

Explanation:

“Anguish” is another word for pain or distress. If you “feel anguished,” you feel unhappy and in pain. "Pain" is thus the correct answer. As for the other answer choices, “elation” means deep happiness and is an antonym of “anguish.”

Example Question #59 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

HARDSHIP

Possible Answers:

Companionship

Reward

Difficulty

Punishment

Strength

Correct answer:

Difficulty

Explanation:

A “hardship” is something difficult you experience, so "difficulty" is the best answer choice. The word “reward” describes something you get for doing the right thing or doing something well; “companionship” is another word for friendship; and “punishment” is something bad that you receive because of something you did wrong.

Example Question #60 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

TRIUMPH

Possible Answers:

Defeat

Contend

Battle

Argument

Victory

Correct answer:

Victory

Explanation:

The word “triumph” means win or victory. It is the opposite of “defeat,” which means loss. An “argument” is when you talk to someone and the two of you think different things are right and debate them, often in an angry way. The word “contend” means to argue or to express what you think. So, you might “contend” an “argument” and then be “defeated” or emerge “triumphant.”

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