ISEE Lower Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns for Abstract Concepts

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Lower Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #81 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

SUBSTITUTE

Possible Answers:

Regulation

Slap

Destroy

Surprise

Replacement

Correct answer:

Replacement

Explanation:

The word "substitute" can be used as a noun, a verb, or an adjective. In general, it means to replace. As a noun, it means a replacement. When you have a "substitute teacher," this means that the person is standing in for another teacher, replacing him or her.

Example Question #82 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

SYMPATHY

Possible Answers:

Concern

Anger

Disgust

Charity

Joy

Correct answer:

Concern

Explanation:

The word "sympathy" comes from Greek roots that literally mean to suffer with.... Thus, when you "have sympathy" for someone, you try to share in his or her feelings. For example, you could say, "The old man had sympathy for his neighbor whose wife recently died. His own wife had died recently, and he understood his neighbor's pain." This kind of "suffering with someone else" is a kind of concern or care.

Example Question #83 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PROCEDURE

Possible Answers:

Explanation

Intensity

Process

Boredom

Paperwork

Correct answer:

Process

Explanation:

A "procedure" is a process for accomplishing some task. It applies to any set of steps that we take to do something. Thus, there can be a procedure for building a desk but also a procedure for filling out a form. The best option is the simple word "process". Although we can explain what a procedure is, the procedure itself is not the explanation.  It is the activity of making or doing the thing.

Example Question #84 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

What is a synonym for exception?

Possible Answers:

ruling

discussion

luck

partnership

irregularity

Correct answer:

irregularity

Explanation:

When something is an exception, it stands out from the regular manner of things.  Some times, we speak of "exceptional circumstances."  Thus, when someone has has lost his job, that person's mood might be very bad.  However, we tend to forgive this, for we know that he is "not his regular self."  He is experiencing exceptional circumstances.  Thus, something that is exceptional is "not regular."  Clearly, the best option that matches this is "irregularity."  An "irregularity" is something that is irregular.

Example Question #85 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CRITICISM

Possible Answers:

Evaluation

Obliteration

Inquiry

Revision

Manipulation

Correct answer:

Evaluation

Explanation:

When we "critique" something, we give an honest evaluation of it. Often, we think of criticism as being harsh. When someone gives a criticism of our work, it can feel like they are being nasty. There is, however, such a thing as constructive criticism. This kind of criticism involves evaluating something and suggesting ways that it could be improved. This kind of criticism does not have to be nasty. Thus, "evaluation" is an acceptable synonym for "criticism."

Example Question #86 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

TRIAL

Possible Answers:

Manufactured

Sadness

Surprise

Greeting

Difficulty

Correct answer:

Difficulty

Explanation:

The word "trial" has several meanings. It can mean attempt, as when we talk about a "trial run." This is a first attempt before we actually do something. We can have a trial run of a new machine to see if it works well enough. A "trial" can also be a difficulty. Have you ever heard someone speak of something that is "trying"? It is in this sense that "trial" can mean "difficult."

Example Question #87 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

FURY

Possible Answers:

Displeasure

Sadness

Sorrow

Anger

Rage

Correct answer:

Rage

Explanation:

For this question, you need to match the intensity of "fury." Whenever we are "furious," we are not merely annoyed. We are very angry. Therefore, the best answer is "rage." When we speak of someone's "rage," we are talking about his or her extreme anger.

Example Question #88 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CONSEQUENCES

Possible Answers:

Outcome

Amazement

Delivery

Awareness

Punishment

Correct answer:

Outcome

Explanation:

The "consequences" of an action are the results that happen because of that action. Interestingly, the word comes from roots that literally mean what follows after something else. We most often think of negative consequences. Hence, the option "punishment" is likely tempting; however, "consequences" are better called "outcomes"—there can be positive as well as negative consequences. This is the best option among those provided.

Example Question #89 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

DEBACLE

Possible Answers:

Fight

Process

Disaster

Success

Party

Correct answer:

Disaster

Explanation:

"Debacle" means a total and complete failure. Therefore, the closest word to this would be a "disaster." A disaster would be considered a failure.

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