ISEE Lower Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns for Abstract Concepts

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Lower Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #370 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ACTIVITY

Possible Answers:

Dream

Fear

Desire

Nightmare

Hobby

Correct answer:

Hobby

Explanation:

An ”activity” is energy and movement, or something you do, like a "hobby." A “nightmare” is a bad dream; and a “desire” is something you want, while "desire" is wanting.

Example Question #71 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

REGULATION

Possible Answers:

Law

Regurgitation

Variation

Prediction

Menace

Correct answer:

Law

Explanation:

"Regulation" is a noun that can mean "a rule or directive made and maintained by an authority" or "the action or process of regulating or being regulated." So, we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like "a rule made by an authority" or "the process of regulating." While "regurgitation," like "regulation," begins with the letters "reg," "regurgitation" means "the act of bringing swallowed food up again to the mouth," so its meaning is not the same as "regulation." "Law," however, is a noun that can mean "an individual rule as part of a system of law," and because "law" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "regulation," "law" is the correct answer.

Example Question #72 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

LEGACY

Possible Answers:

Loss

Heritage

Hermit

Take

Foreground

Correct answer:

Heritage

Explanation:

A "legacy" is something handed down from the family that has come before you. "Heritage" is the best match because it means things or traditions that are acquired from an ancestor.

Example Question #73 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

SIMILARITY

Possible Answers:

Resemblance

Duality

Equivalence

Replica

Interchangeability

Correct answer:

Resemblance

Explanation:

When two things are "similar," they are not completely equal in appearance or nature, but they are at least "alike." A strict equivalence is too alike to be called a "similarity." For example, two cars of the same make, model, year, and color could be called identical. However, we would call two cars that have bodies that are alike to each other, though not quite the same and of different colors "similar."  Likewise, we might say that someone has eyes that are similar to his or her parents, even though they are not exactly alike. Therefore, the word "resemblance" is the best option since it expresses such "likeness" without absolute equivalence.

Example Question #74 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

VERGE

Possible Answers:

Voyage

Prank

Edge

Continent

Agreement

Correct answer:

Edge

Explanation:

If you are on the "verge" of something, you are on the edge or border of that thing, so "edge" is the correct answer. None of the other answer choices are close in meaning to "verge": a "continent" is a large land mass; a "voyage" is a trip by sea; a "prank" is a joke or trick usually played on another person; and "agreement" means the state in which one has the same opinion or position as another person or other people.

Example Question #75 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

DISTRESS

Possible Answers:

Peaceful

Suspicious

Wicked

Aggressive

Danger

Correct answer:

Danger

Explanation:

When someone is in "distress," he or she is in danger. For instance, there is the classic phrase about a "damsel in distress," meaning there is a lady in danger in some way. "Distress" can describe being in great pain or sorrow. It can also be used for those kinds of situations that cause pain and sorrow. Such situations are dangerous. Thus, just as in the expression used above, to be "in distress" means to be in danger. Hence, danger is the best option for this question at least.

Example Question #76 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ARROGANCE

Possible Answers:

Intelligence

Sadness

Rage

Legality

Pride

Correct answer:

Pride

Explanation:

The adjective "arrogant" is used to describe someone who is very "full of himself or herself." That is, such a person has a very big opinion of himself or herself, thinking that he or she is the best person (at least in some set of traits or activities). The word "arrogance" is used to describe the character trait of "being arrogant." For example, we could say, "Peter's arrogance prevented him from seeing that he was actually making a fool of himself." This means that Peter had such a high opinion of himself that he couldn't even see that he was behaving foolishly. Arrogance is a lot like pride, which is the best option among those provided here.

Example Question #77 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

TRAIT

Possible Answers:

Disclosure

Allowance

Agreement

Feature

Fitness

Correct answer:

Feature

Explanation:

A "trait" is some characteristic or property of a given person or thing. For instance, we speak of "character traits" to describe someone's personality. We can also say that an inanimate object has certain traits. For example, a couch could have the trait of being very soft. These kinds of properties are also "features" of the given thing. Think of a microwave that has certain "features" such as special timers and the ability to cook at various degrees of intensity. Though we usually use "trait" to describe people, we could also call these features "traits" of the microwave.

Example Question #78 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

TREATY

Possible Answers:

Dispute

Discussion

Conversation

Warfare

Agreement

Correct answer:

Agreement

Explanation:

A "treaty" is a kind of agreement reached between two groups. Often, treaties are spoken of being made between two countries. For example, at the end of Revolutionary War in the US, the Treaty of Paris was the name of the agreement (signed in Paris) that ended the war. The best option given for this question is "agreement."

Example Question #79 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

MANUFACTURE

Possible Answers:

Strain

Attempt

Produce

Iron

Labor

Correct answer:

Produce

Explanation:

The word "manufactor" comes from Latin words that mean to make with your hands. The "manu-" part is related to "manual". A small book is called a "manual" because you can hold it easily in your hands. We tend to think of "manufacturing" as a big deal. There are "manufacturing plants" that produce all sorts of large items; however, the main meaning of "manufacture" is "to produce or make." Thus, "produce" is the best option.

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