ISEE Lower Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns for Abstract Concepts

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Lower Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #330 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

STRATAGEM

Possible Answers:

Addict 

Villain 

Scheme 

Battle 

Patron 

Correct answer:

Scheme 

Explanation:

A “stratagem” is a plan or scheme designed to outwit or deceive someone. To provide further help, an “addict” is someone who cannot stop repeating the same behavior; a “patron” is a customer.

Example Question #331 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

INSIGHT

Possible Answers:

Perceptiveness 

Ferociousness 

Encouragement

Vague 

Admonishment 

Correct answer:

Perceptiveness 

Explanation:

“Insight” is the ability to perceive something, to notice something most people might not. To provide further help, “vague” means unclear; “admonishment” means criticism; “ferociousness” means wildness, aggressiveness.

Example Question #332 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

HYPERBOLE

Possible Answers:

Poetry

Exaggeration

Suggestion

Standard

Distinction

Correct answer:

Exaggeration

Explanation:

"Hyperbole" is non-literal statements of exaggeration, so the answer choice closest in meaning to "hyperbole" is "exaggeration."

Example Question #333 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

IMPROVEMENT

Possible Answers:

Calamity 

Proposition 

Detriment 

Progress 

Facade

Correct answer:

Progress 

Explanation:

To “improve” something means to make it better, so an “improvement” is very similar to progress.” To provide further help, “detriment” means harmful thing; “facade” means a fake display or an act meant to conceal the truth; “calamity” means disaster; “proposition” means proposal.

Example Question #334 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Synonyms: Select the word whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

APLOMB

Possible Answers:

Confidence

Probability

Violence

Anxiety

Correct answer:

Confidence

Explanation:

The word "aplomb" means self-assurance, calmness, or composure. "Confidence" is therefore the word that mostly closely matches the definition of "aplomb." "Anxiety" is incorrect because it is, in fact, an opposite of "aplomb": it means worry or nervousness. "Impotence," which means powerlessness, "violence," which means the act of physically injuring or killing someone or cause damage to something, and "probability," which means the statistical likelihood of an event happening, are unrelated to the definition of "aplomb."

Example Question #335 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

COINCIDENCE

Possible Answers:

Joyous

Disagreement

Acknowledgment

Verification

Chance

Correct answer:

Chance

Explanation:

The word "coincidence" is comprised of two parts: "co-incidence." An "incident" is something that happens in a given place. The prefix "co-" means with or together. "Coincidences" are things that happen together. Often, the word is used to describe things that happen together without any expectation. For instance, we both walk into the room and see each other, though we had not intended this meeting. Thus, we met by coincidence. To put it another way, we met by chance. Therefore, "chance" is the best option among the answer choices given.

Example Question #336 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

GLUTTONY

Possible Answers:

Greed

Hunger

Starvation

Fulfillment

Obesity

Correct answer:

Greed

Explanation:

You might associate the word "gluttony" with food. In Christian theology, "gluttony" is numbered as one the "seven deadly sins." It has a number of meanings, though many of them are associated with overeating food or liking food too much. This is why most people think that the word "gluttony" has only to do with food. However, "gluttony" often can mean greed in a more general sense. (It is, of course, most normally associated with greed for food.) Note that the only option that expresses this is the simple "greed." One can be starving or hungry without being gluttonous.

Example Question #31 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PHOBIA

Possible Answers:

Displeasure

Surprise

Preference

Meaning

Fear

Correct answer:

Fear

Explanation:

"Phobia" is a noun that means a strong fear of something particular, so we need to pick out an answer choice that is also a noun and means something like an extreme fear. While "displeasure" may look like a potentially correct answer because a phobia might give one displeasure, "displeasure" does not mean the same thing as "phobia," so it cannot be the correct answer. Because "fear" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "phobia," "fear" is the correct answer.

Example Question #338 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

TEMPO

Possible Answers:

Quick

Music

Slow

Sound

Pace

Correct answer:

Pace

Explanation:

"Tempo" is a noun that means either pace, often specifically the pace of music. While "quick" and "slow" may describe different speeds, neither word means the same thing as "tempo," and while "music" may proceed at a certain tempo, "music" does not mean "tempo" either. "Pace," however, is a noun that means speed or rate, and because "pace" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "tempo," "pace" is the correct answer.

Example Question #339 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

REPRISAL

Possible Answers:

Retaliation 

Distraction 

Apathetic 

Corpulence

Competition 

Correct answer:

Retaliation 

Explanation:

A “reprisal” is an attack made to avenge some previous attack. In this sense, it is most similar to the answer choice “retaliation,” which has the same meaning. To provide further help, “apathetic” describes the attitude of not caring; a “distraction” is something that causes a loss of focus; “competition” is a fight or rivalry; “corpulence” means obesity or beefiness

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