ISEE Lower Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Lower Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #238 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

SPECTATOR

Possible Answers:

Victor

Witness

Doctor

Salesperson

Illustrator

Correct answer:

Witness

Explanation:

"Spectator" is derived from the same Latin roots as "spectacles" (glasses), "spectacle" (something that visually attracts a lot of attention), and "inspection" (an event where an authority figure looks over someone and that person's work). All of these words have something in common: seeing. So, it shouldn't be surprising that "spectator" also has to do with seeing. More specifically, a "spectator" is someone watching something, or a "witness." As for the other answer choices, a “victor” is someone who has won some competition; a “salesperson” is someone who sells something; an “illustrator” is someone who draws pictures to go with written articles or books; and a "doctor" is a medical professional who diagnoses illnesses and injuries to help people recover from them.

Example Question #21 : Synonyms: Nouns For People

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

NARRATOR

Possible Answers:

Storyteller

Reader

Reporter

Chef

Character

Correct answer:

Storyteller

Explanation:

A “narrator” is a "storyteller." As for the other answer choices, a “witness” is someone who has seen an event, as to “witness” means to see. A "reporter" is someone who researches and writes news stories. While the narrator might be a character in a story if the story is told in first-person perspective (the "I" perspective), a "narrator" is not necessarily a "character," and the words have distinct meanings.

Example Question #61 : Identifying Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

TRAITOR

Possible Answers:

Ally

Businessperson

Vehicle

Backstabber

Employee

Correct answer:

Backstabber

Explanation:

A "traitor" is a person who betrays the trust of another person or organization. A spy who promises to work for one country but secretly sells its secrets to a rival nation could be called a traitor. "Backstabber," similarly, refers to a person who betrayed another. An "ally" is a friend, an "employee" is someone who works for someone else, and a "vehicle" is a moving machine, like a car.

Example Question #61 : Identifying Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

BENEFACTOR

Possible Answers:

Antagonist 

Narrator 

Supporter

Detractor 

Protagonist 

Correct answer:

Supporter

Explanation:

A “benefactor” is someone who supports a cause and contributes money to it. To provide further help, a “detractor” criticizes or takes away from a cause; a “narrator” is a storyteller; the “protagonist” is the hero of a story and the “antagonist” is the villain of the story

Example Question #62 : Identifying Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

RASCAL

Possible Answers:

Professor

Governor

Delegate

Scoundrel

Genius

Correct answer:

Scoundrel

Explanation:

A "rascal" is a troublemaker, a scoundrel. To provide further help, a "genius" is someone who is very clever; a "governor" is a political figure elected to govern a state; a "delegate" is someone chosen to represent the interests of a group of people

Example Question #71 : Identifying Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

INTRUDER

Possible Answers:

Burglar

Criminal

Invader

Robber

Legality

Correct answer:

Invader

Explanation:

The word "intrude" literally means to push oneself into. Thus, you could "intrude on a conversation" by jumping into the conversation even if you aren't actually welcome. Often, we speak of an "intruder" as someone who breaks into a house. Now, such a person is almost certainly a criminal; however, the word "intruder" most directly means someone who goes into a place without being invited or permitted in. Therefore, the best option is "invader." When someone invades an area, he or she enters it without being welcomed. This is the best meaning among the options given.

Example Question #72 : Identifying Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

BURGLAR

Possible Answers:

Invader

Villain

Prisoner

Criminal

Thief

Correct answer:

Thief

Explanation:

Sometimes, you should be very careful just to go with your first idea for an answer. Almost everyone knows the word "burglar," meaning someone who steals from another person; however, with some of the options like "prisoner" and "criminal," you might start to wonder if you need to choose something other than "thief." Don't be tricked! "Thief" is the correct answer!

Example Question #73 : Identifying Synonyms

A synonym of "tyrant" is __________.

Possible Answers:

herald

prince

despot

peasant

king

Correct answer:

despot

Explanation:

"Tyrant" is a noun that means either "a cruel and oppressive ruler" or "a person exercising power or control in a cruel, unreasonable, or arbitrary way," so we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like "a cruel ruler." While "king" may seem like a good answer choice because a king is a kind of ruler, a king is not necessarily a cruel ruler like a tyrant is. "Despot," however, means "a ruler or other person who holds absolute power, typically one who exercises it in a cruel or oppressive way." Because "despot" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "tyrant," "despot" is the correct answer.

Example Question #74 : Identifying Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PARTNER

Possible Answers:

Coworker

Element

Slave

Section

Relative

Correct answer:

Coworker

Explanation:

A "partner" is someone who works with another person. Often, we use the word to describe someone's husband or wife, but it can also be used to describe someone's coworker. Think of when we talk about "business partners." This describes the relationship between people who work together in the same company, likely both owning some share of the company. A partner is anyone that we choose to share an activity with.

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Nouns For Nonhuman Living Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

VERMIN

Possible Answers:

Animals

Pests

Tyrants 

Quacks

Lawyers 

Correct answer:

Pests

Explanation:

“Vermin” are pests. For instance, rats and mosquitos could be considered vermin. To provide further help, a “lawyer” is someone who understands and practices the law; a “tyrant” is a ruler whose power is absolute is often cruel to his people; a “quack” is a phony.

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