AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, and Globalization 1750 to 1900

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #61 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

The rule of Muhammad Ali and the establishment of Egypt as an autonomous state served to highlight ______________.

Possible Answers:

the rise of Islamic fundamentalism in the twentieth century

the decline of the British Empire following World War II

the inability of the French to protect their overseas colonies

the weakness of the Ottoman Empire

the growth of American regional influence in the Middle East

Correct answer:

the weakness of the Ottoman Empire

Explanation:

Egypt had long been a region of the Ottoman Empire until Muhammad Ali took control of the region for himself in the first half of the nineteenth century. The loss of Egypt, and the inability of Ottoman authorities to even try to take it back, highlighted the weaknesses of the Ottoman Empire during its "Sick Man of Europe" phase.

Example Question #62 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

The events of the __________ led directly to British hegemony over the Indian subcontinent.

Possible Answers:

Crimean War

Napoleonic Wars

Seven Years’ War

American Revolution

Thirty Years’ War

Correct answer:

Seven Years’ War

Explanation:

The Seven Years’ War (usually called the French-Indian War in the United States of America) was fought between Britain and France from 1756 to 1763. It has been called the true first world war by some historians because it was fought between various European powers on almost every continent and ocean on the planet. It ended in victory for the British and in the subsequent peace treaty the French ceded control of the Indian subcontinent to the British Empire. This led to the rise of the British East India Company, and, later, the British Raj.

Example Question #63 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

The wave of new imperialism that began in the second half of the nineteenth century was caused by all of the following except ________________.

Possible Answers:

the need for raw resources and access to new markets

the zeal of Christian missionaries

the desire to bolster national defense with global military bases

nationalism and the competitive nature of European international relations

the strong belief in Social Darwinism

Correct answer:

the strong belief in Social Darwinism

Explanation:

The wave of new imperialism in the second half of the nineteenth century was marked by land grabs in Africa and in East Asia. It was caused by the need for raw resources and the desire to access new markets; the zeal of Christian missionaries and their desire to spread the gospel to native people around the world; and nationalism and the competition between European nations. The belief in Social Darwinism emerged as a result of imperialism, rather than causing imperialism. It provided a moral justification for European imperial conquest.

Example Question #64 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

What event created the vacuum for European colonists to establish control over inland South Africa?

Possible Answers:

Aggressive European action pushing in and towards the more fertile lands off the rocky coast

European diseases, especially Smallpox, spread among the local population due to exposure at Capetown

Violence spread from the expanding Zulu nation under Shaka Zulu that destabilized existing tribes and control of territory

All of these

Correct answer:

All of these

Explanation:

While some of these contributed more than others, and there are other contributing factors theorized, such as Portuguese slave trade to the north of the Zulu, these are the commonly accepted causes of death and destabilization in South Africa that allowed the Boers and later the British to take over the territory of what was previously stable and powerful nations.

Example Question #65 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

What country was once the "Crown Jewel" of the British Empire?

Possible Answers:

Canada

India

South Africa

America

Correct answer:

India

Explanation:

While South Africa was the British Colony that actually produced primarily diamonds and gems, it was the resources of India that made the British Empire so especially powerful and influential. The actual "crown jewel" of the Queen's crown is the "Koh-i-Noor", which was seized from India.

The other options are all also British colonies.

Example Question #66 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Which European Empire created most of the colonies America eventually controlled or currently controls (outside of the United States)?

Possible Answers:

Spain

Britain

Germany

France

Correct answer:

Spain

Explanation:

While Britain and France contributed a lot of colonial land to America, those became the United States. While France also conquered a few lands that America would come into control of, such as the Philippines and Haiti, the vast majority of American colonial property was formerly Spanish, such as Cuba and Puerto Rico, after the Spanish American War of 1898. America still controls Puerto Rico, Guam, the US Virgin Islands, and American Samoa. These lands, while officially controlled by the United States, have vastly restricted rights, powers, and protections compared to the 50 US states.

Example Question #67 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

What took place at the Berlin Conference?

Possible Answers:

The victorious powers attempted to reinstate order and the status quo in Europe after the Napoleonic Wars

Adolf Hitler took absolute control over the German government

The African continent was divided between the various European imperial powers

Germany was forced to pay reparations to the victorious powers after World War I

Germany was divided into a capitalist west and a communist east after World War II

Correct answer:

The African continent was divided between the various European imperial powers

Explanation:

The Berlin Conference was convened from 1884 to 1885 and led to the division of the African continent between the various European imperial powers. The fact that it was in Berlin is telling because Germany, at the time, was a newly unified nation that wanted to compete with the colonial empires of western European nations like France and Britain, and so sought assurances for the establishment of colonies in Africa without the interference of other European nations.

Example Question #68 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

The term “White Man’s Burden” was coined by __________.

Possible Answers:

Robert Frost

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Robert Owen

Winston Churchill

Rudyard Kipling

Correct answer:

Rudyard Kipling

Explanation:

The imperialist dogma “the White Man’s Burden” was coined in a poem by Rudyard Kipling in 1898. It was used to refer to a sort of moral imperative on the part of Western Europe and the United States to conquer and rule native people for their own benefit. The idea that was commonly held at the time was that western civilization had a responsibility to bring “civilization” to all the people in the world. Due to its title and provocative message it has long been a controversial expression.

Example Question #69 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Which of these statements about the differences between French and British colonies in Africa is most accurate?

Possible Answers:

The French colonies were primarily for economic purposes; British colonies were generally established as bases for missionary work

None of these statements are true; British and French colonies in Africa were very similar

The British colonies were primarily for economic purposes; French colonies were generally established as bases for missionary work

Britain favored the governing of colonies directly; France favored the governing of colonies indirectly

The French favored the governing of colonies directly; Britain favored the governing of colonies indirectly

Correct answer:

The French favored the governing of colonies directly; Britain favored the governing of colonies indirectly

Explanation:

The French and British both claimed vast colonies in Africa during the wave of European imperialism that marked the last few decades of the nineteenth century. British colonies in Africa tended to be governed indirectly, relying on local power structures. Whereas French colonies tended to be administered directly, relying on imported power structures. The differences between these colonies have contributed to the nature of independent African states since the independence movements of the 1950s and 60s.

Example Question #70 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Which of these empires became known as ‘the Sick Man of Europe’ in the second-half of the nineteenth century?

Possible Answers:

The Ottoman Empire

The Austro-Hungarian Empire

The Carthaginian Empire

The Parthian Empire

The Russian Empire

Correct answer:

The Ottoman Empire

Explanation:

The Ottoman Empire was in decline throughout the nineteenth century and this decline accelerated in the second-half of the century. This led to the Ottoman Empire being known as ‘the Sick Man of Europe.’ It also led to a series of wars between various European powers, as each tried to prevent another nation from taking advantage of the Ottoman decline. The Crimean War is one such example, as the British and French declared war on Russia over fears of Russian expansion into Ottoman territory.

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