AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, and Globalization 1750 to 1900

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

What is Imperialism?

Possible Answers:

A nation claiming colonies

A stronger nation dominating a weaker one

A nation invading another

A nation declaring itself an empire

Correct answer:

A stronger nation dominating a weaker one

Explanation:

While commonly associated with a nation taking military action against another, Imperialism can mean an assortment of things a nation does to dominate another without having to take direct military action. 

Example Question #11 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Which of the following is not a way a strong imperial nation can dominate a weaker one?

Possible Answers:

Economically

Culturally

Politically

Diplomatically

Militarily

Correct answer:

Diplomatically

Explanation:

Diplomatically is the correct answer here. Diplomacy would allow the weaker nation some say in the process of what is happening. However, in the rest of these examples the stronger nation can simply force the weaker one to bend to its will. 

Example Question #11 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Which war gave the United States power over the Philippines?

Possible Answers:

World War I

The Sino-Japanese Conflict

The War of 1812

The Spanish-American War

The Hundred Years War

Correct answer:

The Spanish-American War

Explanation:

Though it began as a fight over Spanish control in the Caribbean, the Spanish-American War extended to the Pacific where American forces drove Spain out of the Philippines, effectively destroying the Spanish Empire. Originally intending to aid the Philippine fight for independence, the end result was American control of the island nation. 

Example Question #12 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Which of the following was not an effective of widespread imperialism and modernization in the 19th century? 

Possible Answers:

Preservation of tribal territories

Improvements in literacy due to the spread of missionaries

Widespread conversion to Christianity

Discouraging of traditional cultural practices

Weakening of regional governments

Correct answer:

Preservation of tribal territories

Explanation:

With the spread of Western cultural and political influence many traditional territories were broken up by competing European powers. Most notably, the Berlin Conference broke up the African continent into arbitrary territories that ignored the local tribal boundaries and conflicts.

Example Question #12 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

What is it called when a colony is directly administered by the imperialists?

Possible Answers:

Colonized

Indirect Rule

Direct Rule

Absolute Rule

Correct answer:

Direct Rule

Explanation:

When a colonizer directly administers a colony it is called direct rule. This is because the colonial power takes over all systems of government for the colony.

Example Question #136 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

What is it called when a colony is given a degree of internal autonomy?

Possible Answers:

Direct Rule

Ancillary colony

Commonwealth

Indirect Rule

Correct answer:

Indirect Rule

Explanation:

When a colony is under indirect rule it means that the colonizing government has not taken over all aspects of the government of the colony. This means that the colony is free to make certain decisions without consulting the colonizing power.

Example Question #13 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Which of the following highly sought after natural resources was found in the South Africa Colony in 1867?

Possible Answers:

Copper

Silver

Platinum

Diamonds

Correct answer:

Diamonds

Explanation:

Diamonds have become synonymous with Africa. The continent is rich with them, but they had not been discovered there until the mid-1800's, when a mine in South Africa found a large deposit of diamonds.

Example Question #12 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Large deposits of what precious metal were found in the South Africa Colony in 1886?

Possible Answers:

Palladium

Platinum

Silver

Gold

Correct answer:

Gold

Explanation:

While there were many gold rushes in American history, there was never a truly large amount of gold in the United States. South Africa, however, is gifted with an abundance of it. This gold, along with the diamonds discovered 20 years earlier, made the British Empire incredibly wealthy, as South Africa was still part of the British Empire then.

Example Question #12 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

In 1867, Britain successfully brought together the various parts of Canada to form a federation. This prompted them to attempt the same with what is now South Africa, but this region was filled with several independent nations. 

In 1879 British forces invaded the Zulu Kingdom in an attempt to bring it into a South African Federation. What was this conflict called?

Possible Answers:

The South African Expedition

War of the Federation

The Boar War

Anglo-Zulu War

Correct answer:

Anglo-Zulu War

Explanation:

When Britain invaded the Zulu Kingdom, they sparked the Anglo-Zulu War. The Zulu were able to win several victories early in the conflict, but thanks to their superior technology and numbers, the British eventually won the war. This British victory led to the annexation of the Zulu Kingdom into the South African Colony.

Example Question #13 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

What was the result of the Anglo-Zulu War?

Possible Answers:

Stalemate

Zulu Kingdom Victory

None of these answers is accurate.

British Victory

Correct answer:

British Victory

Explanation:

While the Zulu proved to be much fiercer opponents than originally thought, the British did eventually win. The Zulu won many early engagements thanks to their speed of movement and expert use of the terrain to ambush the British; however, the superior firepower of the British eventually led to victory in pitched battles.

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