AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, and Globalization 1750 to 1900

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #41 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

King Leopold II of Belgium ruled ________________ in Africa as his private fiefdom, extracting resources for his own personal wealth at the great detriment of the local populations.

Possible Answers:

Central African Republic

New Belgium

Congo Free State

South Africa

Nigeria

Correct answer:

Congo Free State

Explanation:

Between 1865-1909 King Leopold II ruled Congo Free State as a megalomaniacal foreign ruler. During his control of this territory, he approved for the use of brutal tactics to force the local populations to extract rubber, ivory, and minerals from the land. There are estimates that between 2 and 10 million people died in Congo Free State during King Leopold II’s rule.

Example Question #42 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

The ______________ of 1884-1885 was held between European colonial powers and other powerful states to decide the rules for colonization of the African continent.

Possible Answers:

Berlin West Africa Conference

Colonial Africa Conference

Colonization Peace Treaty

Geneva Convention

London Africa Conference

Correct answer:

Berlin West Africa Conference

Explanation:

The Berlin West Africa Conference was held in Berlin to outline the rules for colonization of the African continent. The conference produced rules on how to claim land and trade regulations for the region. The conference highlighted justifications for colonization that included bringing religion and European civilization to the region, points related to the "white man’s burden." No Africans represented African interests at the conference.

Example Question #43 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

The French established a large colony in Southeast Asia that existed between 1859 and 1954 that was officially known as _________________.

Possible Answers:

Coalition of Asian Colonies

Southern Federation

CamLaoNam

Southeast Asia Colony

the Indo-Chinese Federation

Correct answer:

the Indo-Chinese Federation

Explanation:

French Indochina, officially known as the Indo-Chinese Federation was a grouping of French colonial possessions in Southeast Asia. The three countries that made up this territory, as they are known today, are Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. The countries of this territory eventually gained independence in 1954 after a tumultuous century of French rule marked by foreign aggressions and internal rebellions.

Example Question #41 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Claiming it was their territory based on a disputed treaty, Italy invaded ________________ in 1895 to claim it as a colonial territory.

Possible Answers:

Nigeria

Ethiopia

South Africa

Egypt

Morocco

Correct answer:

Ethiopia

Explanation:

The Italian invasion of Ethiopia in 1895 was a huge failure. The Italian army expected they would easily defeat the army of Ethiopian ruler Menelik II. Full scale war erupted in 1895 and the Italians were defeated in 1896. Ethiopia was one of the only regions in Africa to remain independent of colonial rule during this period. In 1935 Italy launched another invasion of Ethiopia and successfully occupied the territory on this attempt.

Example Question #45 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

________________ imperial rule employed foreign officials to rule over the indigenous peoples through tax collection, government administration, and economic oversight. This form of imperial rule offered little to no room for government participation by indigenous persons or groups.

Possible Answers:

Autonomous

Direct

Indirect

Foreign

Secondary

Correct answer:

Direct

Explanation:

Direct imperial rule employed citizens of the colonial power to oversee all government and market functions. Direct rule employed strict management of law and order and divided naturally aligned kin groups to disrupt potentially powerful rebellions. Direct rule was characteristic of French and Belgian colonies.

Example Question #46 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

___________________ imperial rule utilized indigenous institutions to maintain law and order and oversee government administration. Upper-class indigenous persons were given autonomy while simultaneously being indoctrinated in the philosophies of Western governance.

Possible Answers:

Autonomous

Primary

Direct

Indirect

Foreign

Correct answer:

Indirect

Explanation:

Indirect imperial rule was a hybrid system that used a blend of strong foreign influence and well educated indigenous elites to rule a population. The purpose of this type of rule was to provide some agency to locals while attempting to indoctrinate them with the ruling power’s political philosophy. This type of rule was seen in many British colonies, though it led to future conflicts in some colonies and was abandoned in others in favor of direct imperial rule.

Example Question #42 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Captain __________________ was the British explorer who claimed the territories of New Zealand and Australia for the British Crown.

Possible Answers:

Sir Francis Drake

Henry Hudson

Sir Walter Raleigh

Brendon Williams

James Cook

Correct answer:

James Cook

Explanation:

James Cook landed on the Australian coast in 1770. Within two decades, the British came back to settle the land, using it as a penal colony. The land masses of Australia and New Zealand eventually became a colony for ordinary citizens as well as prisoners. The settlers wiped out mass numbers of indigenous people on these lands through warfare and disease.

Example Question #42 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

The Dutch colonized islands of the modern day state of ___________________ between the 18th and early 20th centuries, where there are numerous accusations of democide and genocide against the native populations.

Possible Answers:

Indonesia

Australia

Madagascar

China

India

Correct answer:

Indonesia

Explanation:

The Dutch exploration of Indonesia started with the Dutch East India Trading company, who extracted spices from the islands. In the 1800s, the lands controlled by the Dutch East India Trading company came under the control of the Dutch government. The period of colonization of Indonesia by the Dutch is marked by accusations of democide in genocide, most notably in the late 1800s where the Dutch army is accused of massacring the Aceh people on the island of Sumatra.

Example Question #49 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

In 1823, the _______________ stated that any imperialist intervention in the affairs of countries residing in the Americas would lead to a military response from the United States of America.

Possible Answers:

North-South Axis

Monroe Doctrine

American Sphere of Influence

Washington Agreement

America Papers

Correct answer:

Monroe Doctrine

Explanation:

President James Monroe issued the Monroe Doctrine in 1823, effectively giving the United States of America unilateral control of the Americas by designating itself as the protectorate of the region. The declaration was designed to deter imperial intervention from Europe while also allowing the United States to gain political and economic influence over the region. Any imperialist intention by foreign powers would be viewed as an act of aggression by the United States and would be met with a military response. This doctrine is seen as one of the most important foreign policy decisions in the modern history of the Americas.

Example Question #43 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

The ______________ era, which lasted between 1868-1912, was when the Japanese Empire industrialized and modernized to compete with Western imperial powers.

Possible Answers:

Heisei

Modern

Meiji

Taisho

Keio

Correct answer:

Meiji

Explanation:

The Meiji era is known as the era of restoration in Japan. Headed by Emperor Meiji (a title Mutsuhito gave to himself to mean Enlightened Rule), this period marked the change of Japan from a feudal state to a modern global power. Japan wanted to compete with Western powers and showed imperial ambitions. During this period of rapid modernization, they also fought with others powers including the Russians in 1905 over imperial ambitions in Korea and Northern China.

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