AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, and Globalization 1750 to 1900

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #31 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

The resolution of what conflict made Japan the dominant power in East Asia?

Possible Answers:

The Russo-Japanese War

The Second Sino-Japanese War

The Boxer Rebellion

World War I

The First Sino-Japanese War

Correct answer:

The Russo-Japanese War

Explanation:

The Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905 saw Japan defeat Russia to become the dominant power in East Asia. The First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 saw Japan defeat China and emerge as one of the major powers in the region, but not the dominant one. World War I was fought after Japan had emerged as a major world power. The Boxer Rebellion of 1899-1901 was simply an internal conflict in China in which foreign nations, including Japan, intervened, and did not have any direct major effect on Japan's status. The Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937-1945 was fought long after Japan emerged as a major world power, and in fact became part of the larger conflict of World War II, in which Japan was totally defeated. 

Example Question #32 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

What was the outcome of the First Boer War?

Possible Answers:

Boer Victory

British Victory

Stalemate 

None of these answers is accurate.

Correct answer:

Boer Victory

Explanation:

The Boer won a decisive victory against the British. The casualty rate was 10 British for every one Boer. The Boer were just as well equipped as the British with the same level of technology. The Boer also had a vast advantage when it came to the terrain and using it to their advantage. The British were soundly defeated and they retreated back the the South African Colony.

Example Question #33 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Which of the following is a successful non-Christian empire that has existed in the years since 1500?

Possible Answers:

The Ottoman Empire

The Spanish Empire

The Saudi Arabian Empire

The Moroccan Empire

The United Arab Emirates

Correct answer:

The Ottoman Empire

Explanation:

The Ottoman Empire, which lasted from 1500 until the end of World War I, grew from a small state west of modern day Turkey into a major player in global politics. At its height the Ottomans controlled the Balkans, the Middle East, North Africa, and parts of what are now Southern Russia and the Ukraine. Upon its dissolution after World War I in 1923 the Ottoman Empire was replaced by the Republic of Turkey. 

Example Question #34 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Had Africa experienced the Industrial Revolution before European colonization?

Possible Answers:

Africa went from being fully tribal to completely industrialized within five years of European colonization

Africa was completely industrialized by the time European colonization began

Not in any way

Inland Africa had not experienced the Industrial Revolution prior to colonization, but certain cities (mainly ports) had begun prior to colonization

Correct answer:

Inland Africa had not experienced the Industrial Revolution prior to colonization, but certain cities (mainly ports) had begun prior to colonization

Explanation:

Most of Africa had not experienced the Industrial Revolution before the Berlin Conference divided the continent. Parts of it that were more linked with the outside world (trading ports) had already begun to experience the Industrial Revolution. 

Example Question #35 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

_______________ is the practice of controlling a foreign land through political or military force for the purpose of improved security or wealth extraction.

Possible Answers:

Colonialism

Foreign Rule

Fiefdom

Imperialism

Empireism

Correct answer:

Imperialism

Explanation:

Imperialism is the extension of an empire into foreign lands. It is using political and/or military power to dictate policy and governing decisions emanating from the home empire. Imperialism can be achieved through means such as colonialism or economic manipulation.

Example Question #36 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

________________ is the practice of settling people from one’s own country in a foreign land to manage the political and economic aspects of the new land.

Possible Answers:

Fiefdom

Empireism

Colonialism

Occupation

Settlement

Correct answer:

Colonialism

Explanation:

Colonialism is the practice of settling one's own people in a foreign land. The word "colony" refers to an extension of the home empire, thus implying the empire has power to govern the colonized land. By placing citizens on the ground in foreign lands, the home empire has a greater ability to manage economic and political affairs.

Example Question #37 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

_________________ is the practice of extracting resources in a foreign land such as diamonds, gold, or rubber for the benefit of the home empire.

Possible Answers:

Economic Imperialism

Fiefdom

Foreign Control

Economics

Slavery

Correct answer:

Economic Imperialism

Explanation:

Economic Imperialism refers specifically to resource extraction and wealth generation in a foreign land for the benefit of the home empire. Economic Imperialism in the 19th century led to harsh mining conditions in places such as South Africa and slave-like treatment in the rubber plantations of Brazil. Many argue the practice of economic imperialism continues today with resource extraction from the Global South for the benefit the Global North.

Example Question #38 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Europeans justified imperial and colonial practices by claiming that they were bringing _______________ to the indigenous people.

Possible Answers:

destruction

civilization

colonial rule

happiness

money

Correct answer:

civilization

Explanation:

European imperialism and colonization came at great detriment to the indigenous people of the land they conquered. The justification for this practice was that they were bringing "civilization" to these "backward," "savage" people. This led to the use of missionaries and religious conversion, the use of European legal systems, forced cultural integration, and new technologies. Unfortunately, the "civilization" brought by the Europeans had no reasonable place in it for the inhabitants of the land they conquered, indigenous groups were violently oppressed, and in many cases murdered on a large scale.

Example Question #39 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

_______________ is a poem written by Rudyard Kipling in 1899 that posits a pro-Imperialist position and became a term used by pro-Imperialists to justify the use of Imperialism to help traditional societies understand modern, European conceptions of science, art, and culture so that they could join the industrialized world.

Possible Answers:

"The Noble Savage"

"Dawn of Man"

"The End of Times"

"The Start of an Empire"

"White Man's Burden"

Correct answer:

"White Man's Burden"

Explanation:

The poem ‘White Man’s Burden’ focuses on the support of the United States’ intention to colonize the Philippines, but had cultural implications extending beyond that particular conflict. The white man’s burden was used to justify imperial policies as it "helped" traditional cultures become integrated into the modern, European cultural and economic world. By depicting traditional cultures as "backwards," imperial powers attempted to justify policies that destroyed traditional ways of life were justified in the pursuit of progress. By figuring their imperialist plundering in this manner, European colonizers were thus the burdened party, doing what needed to be done, as opposed to, say, violent, greedy imperialist forces pillaging countries and murdering the inhabitants for natural resources and trade goods.

Example Question #40 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Queen Victoria established the British Raj in  ____________________, creating the position of Viceroy to administer the rule of the British Crown in India.

Possible Answers:

1758

1658

1502

1858

1947

Correct answer:

1858

Explanation:

The British colonial rule of India lasted from 1858 to 1947. The British Raj was run by the Viceroy to India, representing the British Crown and was served by a coalition of Indian Princes, loyal to the crown. The mid-19th century marked the height of power for the British Empire with wealth extraction from India providing a great boon for British coffers. The British not only extracted wealth from India, but set up a colony that imposed British society, administration, and culture upon the native populations.

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