AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, and Globalization 1750 to 1900

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #21 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Following the British victory over the Zulu Kingdom, to what other group did the British turn their attention?

Possible Answers:

None of these answers is accurate.

The Natal

The Boer

The Basuto

Correct answer:

The Boer

Explanation:

The Boers were the next target of the British Empire following the Anglo-Zulu War. The British were driving farther inland to lay claim to regions that had resisted them since their claiming of land at the Berlin Conference in 1884. 

Example Question #22 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

What nationality were the Boers descended from?

Possible Answers:

Dutch

German

Afrikaans 

Zulu

Correct answer:

Dutch

Explanation:

Despite being born and raised in Africa, the Boers were actually Dutch by heritage. Their ancestors were traders based in ports along the eastern coast of what is now South Africa. They were stationed there as part of their service in the Dutch East India Trading Company. However, when the British came along and took over the region these Dutch settlers were forced to flee inland to escape the British, where they formed two nations, The Orange Free State, and Transvaal. 

Example Question #23 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Which of the following is not way in which the Industrial Revolution helped precipitate the rise of imperialism?

Possible Answers:

The Industrial Revolution created a need for new markets

The Industrial Revolution created a need for raw materials

The Industrial Revolution created the technological ability for European nations to dominate African and Asian nations

The Industrial Revolution created a need for cheap labor

Correct answer:

The Industrial Revolution created the technological ability for European nations to dominate African and Asian nations

Explanation:

European nations had the technology to dominate the nations of Africa and Asia for centuries by the time the Industrial Revolution happened. The Industrial Revolution simply made dominating them easier. What it did do was to make Europe need more raw materials to make their goods, and need people to sell those goods to. 

Example Question #21 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

At what conference did the leaders of Europe meet to carve up Africa?

Possible Answers:

Berlin Conference

Paris Conference

Congress of Vienna

Amsterdam Conference

Correct answer:

Berlin Conference

Explanation:

The major powers of Europe met in Berlin in 1884 to decide which nations would gain the right to rule which parts of Africa. This conference was meant to keep the European nations from fighting each other and focused on colonizing the various parts of Africa.

Example Question #22 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Which of the following was not an excuse that Europe used to justify their Imperialist methods of control and subjugation over African countries?

Possible Answers:

Social Darwinism

Suppression of the slave trade

The "White Man's Burden"

Creation of stable governments there

Correct answer:

Creation of stable governments there

Explanation:

Europe had no interest in creating stable governments in Africa. Rather, they wanted to impose their own governments on the people of Africa. They did, however, say that it was the duty of white men to rule over people of color since they felt themselves superior to them. They also claimed they were doing good by attempting to stop the slave trade in Africa and the transatlantic slave trade.

Example Question #22 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Prior to imperialist intervention Africa's population was primarily concentrated in ____________.

Possible Answers:

All other answers, Africa had an extremely varied population centers prior to imperialist intervention.

Tribal nomads

Large cities

Small villages

Correct answer:

All other answers, Africa had an extremely varied population centers prior to imperialist intervention.

Explanation:

Africa had a very varied and complex layout. There were large cosmopolitan cities as well as many small villages, and tribal nomads. There was no one unifying culture in Africa, but many different people and ethnicities within the continent.

Example Question #23 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Which of the following is not a reason that Africa was chosen to be colonized by Europe?

Possible Answers:

Natural resources

Cheap labor supply

New markets for manufactured goods

Weak military

Correct answer:

Weak military

Explanation:

Europe did not take the military strength of the Africans into account when dividing up the continent. This is mainly for two reasons. First, Europe had the best military forces in the world at the time, and did not fear confronting any other nation. Second, they knew basically nothing about Africa outside of the coastline. Europeans had never ventured very far inland, and therefore had no knowledge of how advanced or otherwise the people were in any respect.

Example Question #25 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

What major infrastructure project was built in Egypt after its colonization?

Possible Answers:

Egyptian roadway network

Pyramids of Giza

City of Cairo

Suez Canal

Correct answer:

Suez Canal

Explanation:

The Suez Canal was built in Egypt in 1869. This canal was built to greatly reduce the trip between Europe and Asia. Even if you did not directly know the answer to this question, you could guess this question with knowledge of the Suez Canal's function, which entirely served European interests, as opposed to the actual people of Egypt.

Example Question #26 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

What nation built the Suez Canal?

Possible Answers:

United States

Britain

Egypt

France

Correct answer:

France

Explanation:

Ferdinand de Lesseps was a Frenchman whose company built the Suez Canal. At the time it was thought to be an impossible feat. This was due to the fact that the distance between the Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea was over 100 miles of desert. It was thought that it would be too difficult to dig the canal; however, de Lesseps and his men were able to complete the project over a fifteen-year period, with the extensive and inhumane use of forced labor.

Example Question #27 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

What was the main cause and facilitating factor for European Imperialism?

Possible Answers:

The Industrial Revolution

Need for expansion

Loss of trade partners

The loss of colonies to independence (e.g. the United States)

Correct answer:

The Industrial Revolution

Explanation:

The Industrial Revolution was the main cause of Imperialism. This is because the European nations now had all these goods they could make, but not enough people to sell them to. This meant they needed to create captive markets to sell their goods to, such as nations in Africa and Asia. They were also in need of the raw materials in order to keep making these goods, which they did not have in Europe.

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