AP Statistics : How to do tests of significance for a difference between two means

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Statistics

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Inference

Suppose you conduct a paired -test to assess whether two group means significantly differ and find a -score of 1.645. At what alpha level would this cause you to reject the null?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The critical value for a -test with alpha set to 0.10 is 1.645.

Example Question #2 : How To Do Tests Of Significance For A Difference Between Two Means

Bob wants to statistically determine if the mean height of middle school boys is greater than the mean height of middle school girls. He wants to use a significance level of  What must be true for him to reject . is known.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Step 1: We need to use a 2-sample z test because there are 2 samples, boys and girls. The population standard deviation, , is known, so we can assume a standard distribution for each sample.

Step 2: This is a one-sided z test because the questions asks if the mean height of boys is greater than the mean height of girls.

Step 3: significance level, or alpha, is . This means we need a p-value less than  in order to reject the null hypothesis . A z-score greater than would ensure a p-value less than .

 

Curve p value

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