AP Latin : Vocabulary in Poetry Passages

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Latin

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Example Questions

Example Question #61 : Poetry

     Inde per inmensum croceo velatus amictu
aethera digreditur Ciconumque Hymenaeus ad oras
tendit et Orphea nequiquam voce vocatur.
adfuit ille quidem, sed nec sollemnia verba
nec laetos vultus nec felix attulit omen.                             5
fax quoque, quam tenuit, lacrimoso stridula fumo
usque fuit nullosque invenit motibus ignes.
exitus auspicio gravior: nam nupta per herbas
dum nova naiadum turba comitata vagatur,
occidit in talum serpentis dente recepto.                            10

What is the meaning of "fax" on line 6?

Possible Answers:

Power

Will

Torch

Right

Correct answer:

Torch

Explanation:

The word "fax" comes from "fax, facis," which means a torch and is often used to indicate marriage torches, marriage, or marital love.

(Passage adapted from Ovid's Metamorphoses, 10.1-10)

Example Question #62 : Content Of Poetry

     Inde per inmensum croceo velatus amictu
aethera digreditur Ciconumque Hymenaeus ad oras
tendit et Orphea nequiquam voce vocatur.
adfuit ille quidem, sed nec sollemnia verba
nec laetos vultus nec felix attulit omen.                             5
fax quoque, quam tenuit, lacrimoso stridula fumo
usque fuit nullosque invenit motibus ignes.
exitus auspicio gravior: nam nupta per herbas
dum nova naiadum turba comitata vagatur,
occidit in talum serpentis dente recepto.                            10

The word "vagatur" in line 9 comes from the word meaning __________.

Possible Answers:

to come

to marry

to wander

to wonder

Correct answer:

to wander

Explanation:

The word "vagatur" comes from "vagor, vagari, vagatus sum," which means to wander.

(Passage adapted from Ovid's Metamorphoses, 10.1-10)

Example Question #63 : Content Of Poetry

     Inde per inmensum croceo velatus amictu
aethera digreditur Ciconumque Hymenaeus ad oras
tendit et Orphea nequiquam voce vocatur.
adfuit ille quidem, sed nec sollemnia verba
nec laetos vultus nec felix attulit omen.                             5
fax quoque, quam tenuit, lacrimoso stridula fumo
usque fuit nullosque invenit motibus ignes.
exitus auspicio gravior: nam nupta per herbas
dum nova naiadum turba comitata vagatur,
occidit in talum serpentis dente recepto.                            10

The word "dente" in line 10 means __________

Possible Answers:

strength

giving

fail

tooth

Correct answer:

tooth

Explanation:

The word "dente" comes from "dens, dentis," which means tooth.

(Passage adapted from Ovid's Metamorphoses, 10.1-10)

Example Question #64 : Content Of Poetry

Dignane, cui grates ageret, cui turis honorem
ferret, Adoni, fui? nec grates inmemor egit,
nec mihi tura dedit. subitam convertor in iram,
contemptuque dolens, ne sim spernenda futuris,
exemplo caveo meque ipsa exhortor in ambos:               5
templa, deum Matri quae quondam clarus Echion
fecerat ex voto, nemorosis abdita silvis,
transibant, et iter longum requiescere suasit;
illic concubitus intempestiva cupido
occupat Hippomenen a numine concita nostro.               10
luminis exigui fuerat prope templa recessus,
speluncae similis, nativo pumice tectus,
religione sacer prisca, quo multa sacerdos
lignea contulerat veterum simulacra deorum;
hunc init et vetito temerat sacraria probro.                    15

The word "grates" in line 1 means ___________.

Possible Answers:

gifts

gods

thanks

steps

Correct answer:

thanks

Explanation:

The word "grates" comes from "grates, gratis," which means thanks.

(Passage adapted from Ovid's Metamorphoses 10.681-696)

 

Example Question #65 : Content Of Poetry

Dignane, cui grates ageret, cui turis honorem
ferret, Adoni, fui? nec grates inmemor egit,
nec mihi tura dedit. subitam convertor in iram,
contemptuque dolens, ne sim spernenda futuris,
exemplo caveo meque ipsa exhortor in ambos:               5
templa, deum Matri quae quondam clarus Echion
fecerat ex voto, nemorosis abdita silvis,
transibant, et iter longum requiescere suasit;
illic concubitus intempestiva cupido
occupat Hippomenen a numine concita nostro.               10
luminis exigui fuerat prope templa recessus,
speluncae similis, nativo pumice tectus,
religione sacer prisca, quo multa sacerdos
lignea contulerat veterum simulacra deorum;
hunc init et vetito temerat sacraria probro.                    15

The word "speluncae" (line 12) means __________.

Possible Answers:

spelling

word

commotion

cave

Correct answer:

cave

Explanation:

The word "speluncae" comes from "spelunca, speluncae," which means a cave.

(Passage adapted from Ovid's Metamorphoses, 10.681-696)

Example Question #66 : Content Of Poetry

Dignane, cui grates ageret, cui turis honorem
ferret, Adoni, fui? nec grates inmemor egit,
nec mihi tura dedit. subitam convertor in iram,
contemptuque dolens, ne sim spernenda futuris,
exemplo caveo meque ipsa exhortor in ambos:               5
templa, deum Matri quae quondam clarus Echion
fecerat ex voto, nemorosis abdita silvis,
transibant, et iter longum requiescere suasit;
illic concubitus intempestiva cupido
occupat Hippomenen a numine concita nostro.               10
luminis exigui fuerat prope templa recessus,
speluncae similis, nativo pumice tectus,
religione sacer prisca, quo multa sacerdos
lignea contulerat veterum simulacra deorum;
hunc init et vetito temerat sacraria probro.                    15

The word "numine" (line 10) means __________.

Possible Answers:

name

effort

spirit

shrine

Correct answer:

spirit

Explanation:

The word "numine" comes from "numen, numinis," which means a spirit or god.

(Passage adapted from Ovid's Metamorphoses, 10.681-696)

Example Question #62 : Poetry

Forsitan audieris aliquam certamine cursus              
veloces superasse viros: non fabula rumor
ille fuit; superabat enim. nec dicere posses,
laude pedum formaene bono praestantior esset.
scitanti deus huic de coniuge 'coniuge' dixit                      5
'nil opus est, Atalanta, tibi: fuge coniugis usum.               
nec tamen effugies teque ipsa viva carebis.'
territa sorte dei per opacas innuba silvas
vivit et instantem turbam violenta procorum
condicione fugat, 'ne' c 'sum potiunda, nisi' inquit             10
'victa prius cursu. pedibus contendite mecum:               
praemia veloci coniunx thalamique dabuntur,
mors pretium tardis: ea lex certaminis esto.'
illa quidem inmitis, sed (tanta potentia formae est)
venit ad hanc legem temeraria turba procorum.                15
sederat Hippomenes cursus spectator iniqui               
et 'petitur cuiquam per tanta pericula coniunx?'
dixerat ac nimios iuvenum damnarat amores;

The word "certamine" (line 1) means ___________.

Possible Answers:

quickly

competition

certain

veil

Correct answer:

competition

Explanation:

The word "certamine" comes from "certamen, certaminis," which means a battle or competition.

(Passage adapted from Ovid's Metamorphoses 10. 560-578)

Example Question #61 : Sight Reading

Forsitan audieris aliquam certamine cursus              
veloces superasse viros: non fabula rumor
ille fuit; superabat enim. nec dicere posses,
laude pedum formaene bono praestantior esset.
scitanti deus huic de coniuge 'coniuge' dixit                      5
'nil opus est, Atalanta, tibi: fuge coniugis usum.               
nec tamen effugies teque ipsa viva carebis.'
territa sorte dei per opacas innuba silvas
vivit et instantem turbam violenta procorum
condicione fugat, 'ne' c 'sum potiunda, nisi' inquit             10
'victa prius cursu. pedibus contendite mecum:               
praemia veloci coniunx thalamique dabuntur,
mors pretium tardis: ea lex certaminis esto.'
illa quidem inmitis, sed (tanta potentia formae est)
venit ad hanc legem temeraria turba procorum.                15
sederat Hippomenes cursus spectator iniqui               
et 'petitur cuiquam per tanta pericula coniunx?'
dixerat ac nimios iuvenum damnarat amores;

"Coniuge" in line 5 comes from the word meaning __________.

Possible Answers:

family

man

spouse

friend

Correct answer:

spouse

Explanation:

The word "coniuge" comes from "coniunx, coniugis," which means a spouse.

(Passage adapted from Ovid's Metamorphoses 10. 560-578)

Example Question #62 : Sight Reading

Forsitan audieris aliquam certamine cursus              
veloces superasse viros: non fabula rumor
ille fuit; superabat enim. nec dicere posses,
laude pedum formaene bono praestantior esset.
scitanti deus huic de coniuge 'coniuge' dixit                      5
'nil opus est, Atalanta, tibi: fuge coniugis usum.               
nec tamen effugies teque ipsa viva carebis.'
territa sorte dei per opacas innuba silvas
vivit et instantem turbam violenta procorum
condicione fugat, 'ne' c 'sum potiunda, nisi' inquit             10
'victa prius cursu. pedibus contendite mecum:               
praemia veloci coniunx thalamique dabuntur,
mors pretium tardis: ea lex certaminis esto.'
illa quidem inmitis, sed (tanta potentia formae est)
venit ad hanc legem temeraria turba procorum.                15
sederat Hippomenes cursus spectator iniqui               
et 'petitur cuiquam per tanta pericula coniunx?'
dixerat ac nimios iuvenum damnarat amores;f

The word "thalami" (line 12) means __________.

Possible Answers:

torch

bedroom

bed

spouse

Correct answer:

bedroom

Explanation:

The word "thalami" comes from "thalamus, thalami," which means bedroom. Given the right context, it may also refer to one's marriage.

(Passage adapted from Ovid's Metamorphoses 10. 560-578)

Example Question #61 : Content Of Poetry

Forsitan audieris aliquam certamine cursus              
veloces superasse viros: non fabula rumor
ille fuit; superabat enim. nec dicere posses,
laude pedum formaene bono praestantior esset.
scitanti deus huic de coniuge 'coniuge' dixit                      5
'nil opus est, Atalanta, tibi: fuge coniugis usum.               
nec tamen effugies teque ipsa viva carebis.'
territa sorte dei per opacas innuba silvas
vivit et instantem turbam violenta procorum
condicione fugat, 'ne' c 'sum potiunda, nisi' inquit             10
'victa prius cursu. pedibus contendite mecum:               
praemia veloci coniunx thalamique dabuntur,
mors pretium tardis: ea lex certaminis esto.'
illa quidem inmitis, sed (tanta potentia formae est)
venit ad hanc legem temeraria turba procorum.                15
sederat Hippomenes cursus spectator iniqui               
et 'petitur cuiquam per tanta pericula coniunx?'
dixerat ac nimios iuvenum damnarat amores;

The word "sorte" means ___________.

Possible Answers:

separated

lot

organized

part

Correct answer:

lot

Explanation:

The word "sorte" comes from "sors, sortis," which means lot or fate. Often, it appears in this form ("sorte") and is translated as by lot.

(Passage adapted from Ovid's Metamorphoses 10. 560-578)

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