AP Latin : Vocabulary in Poetry Passages

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Latin

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Example Questions

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Example Question #101 : Vocabulary In Poetry Passages

Arma gravi numero violentaque bella parabam
edere, materia conveniente modis.
par erat inferior versus—risisse Cupido
dicitur atque unum surripuisse pedem.
'Quis tibi, saeve puer, dedit hoc in carmina iuris?            5
Pieridum vates, non tua turba sumus.
quid, si praeripiat flavae Venus arma Minervae,
ventilet accensas flava Minerva faces?
quis probet in silvis Cererem regnare iugosis,
lege pharetratae Virginis arva coli?                                10
crinibus insignem quis acuta cuspide Phoebum
instruat, Aoniam Marte movente lyram?
sunt tibi magna, puer, nimiumque potentia regna;
cur opus adfectas, ambitiose, novum?
an, quod ubique, tuum est? tua sunt Heliconia tempe? 15

What is the meaning of nimium (line 13)?

Possible Answers:

Clouds

Nothing

Too much

No one

Correct answer:

Too much

Explanation:

The word nimium is an adverb that means "too much."

Passage adapted from Amores by Ovid, I. 1-15

Example Question #102 : Vocabulary In Poetry Passages

vix etiam Phoebo iam lyra tuta sua est?
cum bene surrexit versu nova pagina primo,
attenuat nervos proximus ille meos;
nec mihi materia est numeris levioribus apta,
aut puer aut longas compta puella comas.'                  5
Questus eram, pharetra cum protinus ille soluta
legit in exitium spicula facta meum,
lunavitque genu sinuosum fortiter arcum,
'quod' que 'canas, vates, accipe' dixit 'opus!'
Me miserum! certas habuit puer ille sagittas.               10
uror, et in vacuo pectore regnat Amor.
Sex mihi surgat opus numeris, in quinque residat:
ferrea cum vestris bella valete modis!
cingere litorea flaventia tempora myrto,
Musa, per undenos emodulanda pedes!                      15

What is the translation of vix (line 1)?

Possible Answers:

Rule

Six

Scarcely

Force

Correct answer:

Scarcely

Explanation:

The word vix is an adverb meaning "scarcely."

Passage adapted from Amores by Ovid, I. 1-15

Example Question #251 : Ap Latin Language

Arma gravi numero violentaque bella parabam
edere, materia conveniente modis.
par erat inferior versus—risisse Cupido
dicitur atque unum surripuisse pedem.
'Quis tibi, saeve puer, dedit hoc in carmina iuris?
Pieridum vates, non tua turba sumus.
quid, si praeripiat flavae Venus arma Minervae,
ventilet accensas flava Minerva faces?
quis probet in silvis Cererem regnare iugosis,
lege pharetratae Virginis arva coli?
crinibus insignem quis acuta cuspide Phoebum
instruat, Aoniam Marte movente lyram?
sunt tibi magna, puer, nimiumque potentia regna;
cur opus adfectas, ambitiose, novum?
an, quod ubique, tuum est? tua sunt Heliconia tempe?

What is the meaning of the underlined word "arma" in line 1?

Possible Answers:

Poems

Arms (Body Parts)

Weapons

Love

Correct answer:

Weapons

Explanation:

The word "arma" comes from the noun "armum," "armi," which means arms (weapons)The correct choice is "weapons."

(Passage adapted from Amores by Ovid, I.1–15)

Example Question #103 : Vocabulary In Poetry Passages

Arma gravi numero violentaque bella parabam
edere, materia conveniente modis.
par erat inferior versus—risisse Cupido
dicitur atque unum surripuisse pedem.
'Quis tibi, saeve puer, dedit hoc in carmina iuris?
Pieridum vates, non tua turba sumus.
quid, si praeripiat flavae Venus arma Minervae,
ventilet accensas flava Minerva faces?
quis probet in silvis Cererem regnare iugosis,
lege pharetratae Virginis arva coli?
crinibus insignem quis acuta cuspide Phoebum
instruat, Aoniam Marte movente lyram?
sunt tibi magna, puer, nimiumque potentia regna;
cur opus adfectas, ambitiose, novum?
an, quod ubique, tuum est? tua sunt Heliconia tempe?

What is the meaning of the underlined word "insignem" in line 11?

Possible Answers:

Sign

Famous

Bright

Dutiful

Correct answer:

Famous

Explanation:

The word "insignem" comes from "insignis," "is," "e," which means famous/outstanding.

(Passage adapted from Amores by Ovid, I.1–15)

Example Question #104 : Vocabulary In Poetry Passages

Arma gravi numero violentaque bella parabam
edere, materia conveniente modis.
par erat inferior versus—risisse Cupido
dicitur atque unum surripuisse pedem.
'Quis tibi, saeve puer, dedit hoc in carmina iuris?
Pieridum vates, non tua turba sumus.
quid, si praeripiat flavae Venus arma Minervae,
ventilet accensas flava Minerva faces?
quis probet in silvis Cererem regnare iugosis,
lege pharetratae Virginis arva coli?
crinibus insignem quis acuta cuspide Phoebum
instruat, Aoniam Marte movente lyram?
sunt tibi magna, puer, nimiumque potentia regna;
cur opus adfectas, ambitiose, novum?
an, quod ubique, tuum est? tua sunt Heliconia tempe?

What is the translation of the underlined word "vates" in line 6?

Possible Answers:

Oracle

Traveler

Lover

Listener

Correct answer:

Oracle

Explanation:

The word "vates" comes from "vates," "vatis," which means an oracle (a person who can see the future).

(Passage adapted from Amores by Ovid, I.1–15)

Example Question #105 : Vocabulary In Poetry Passages

Arma gravi numero violentaque bella parabam
edere, materia conveniente modis.
par erat inferior versus—risisse Cupido
dicitur atque unum surripuisse pedem.
'Quis tibi, saeve puer, dedit hoc in carmina iuris?
Pieridum vates, non tua turba sumus.
quid, si praeripiat flavae Venus arma Minervae,
ventilet accensas flava Minerva faces?
quis probet in silvis Cererem regnare iugosis,
lege pharetratae Virginis arva coli?
crinibus insignem quis acuta cuspide Phoebum
instruat, Aoniam Marte movente lyram?
sunt tibi magna, puer, nimiumque potentia regna;
cur opus adfectas, ambitiose, novum?
an, quod ubique, tuum est? tua sunt Heliconia tempe?

What is the translation of the underlined word "carmina" in line 5?

Possible Answers:

Flowers

Treasures

Wool

Songs

Correct answer:

Songs

Explanation:

The word "carmina" comes from "carmen," "carminis," which means "songs" and is often used to refer to lines of poetry.

(Passage adapted from Amores by Ovid, I.1–15)

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