AP Latin : Vocabulary in Poetry Passages

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Latin

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Vocabulary In Poetry Passages

Quaeris, quot mihi basiationes      
tuae, Lesbia, sint satis superque.
quam magnus numerus Libyssae harenae
lasarpiciferis iacet Cyrenis
oraclum Iovis inter aestuosi                                 5
et Batti veteris sacrum sepulcrum;
aut quam sidera multa, cum tacet nox,
furtivos hominum vident amores:
tam te basia multa basiare
vesano satis et super Catullo est,                         10
quae nec pernumerare curiosi
possint nec mala fascinare lingua.

The word "sepulcrum" (line 6) means ____________.

Possible Answers:

stars

flame

holy

grave

Correct answer:

grave

Explanation:

The word "sepulcrum" comes from "sepulcrum," "sepulcri" and is the word for a grave.

(Passage adapted from "Poem II" by Gaius Valerius Catullus, 1-10)

Example Question #11 : Poetry

Quaeris, quot mihi basiationes      
tuae, Lesbia, sint satis superque.
quam magnus numerus Libyssae harenae
lasarpiciferis iacet Cyrenis
oraclum Iovis inter aestuosi                                 5
et Batti veteris sacrum sepulcrum;
aut quam sidera multa, cum tacet nox,
furtivos hominum vident amores:
tam te basia multa basiare
vesano satis et super Catullo est,                         10
quae nec pernumerare curiosi
possint nec mala fascinare lingua.

The word "harenae" (line 3) means ___________.

Possible Answers:

sands

shores

arena

mountains

Correct answer:

sands

Explanation:

The word "harenae" comes from "harena," "harenae" and literally means sands. Given the right context, it could mean arena, but there is no indication that the author is speaking of any sort of arena.

(Passage adapted from "Poem II" by Gaius Valerius Catullus, 1-10)

Example Question #11 : Poetry

Passer, deliciae meae puellae,
quicum ludere, quem in sinu tenere,
cui primum digitum dare appetenti
et acris solet incitare morsus,
cum desiderio meo nitenti                       5
carum nescio quid lubet iocari
et solaciolum sui doloris,
credo ut tum gravis acquiescat ardor:
tecum ludere sicut ipsa possem
et tristis animi levare curas!                    10

"Nitenti" (line 5) comes from the verb meaning ____________.

Possible Answers:

to play

to struggle

to shine

to find

Correct answer:

to shine

Explanation:

The word "nitenti" comes from "niteo," "nitere," which means to shine. The author compares the bird to shining (as in an object of great affection), as opposed to him.

(Passage adapted from "Poem II" by Gaius Valerius Catullus, 1-10)

Example Question #11 : Vocabulary In Poetry Passages

Lesbia mi praesente viro mala plurima dicit:
     haec illi fatuo maxima laetitia est.
mule, nihil sentis? si nostri oblita taceret,
     sana esset: nunc quod gannit et obloquitur,
non solum meminit, sed, quae multo acrior est res,           5
     irata est. hoc est, uritur et loquitur.

The word "laetitia" in line 2 means __________.

Possible Answers:

lights

joy

honor

task

Correct answer:

joy

Explanation:

The word "laetitia" translates as joy or happiness.

Passage adapted from "Carmen 83" by Gaius Valerius Catullus

Example Question #12 : Vocabulary In Poetry Passages

Lesbia mi praesente viro mala plurima dicit:
     haec illi fatuo maxima laetitia est.
mule, nihil sentis? si nostri oblita taceret,
     sana esset: nunc quod gannit et obloquitur,
non solum meminit, sed, quae multo acrior est res,           5
     irata est. hoc est, uritur et loquitur.

The word "fatuo" (line 2) means ___________.

Possible Answers:

rich

idiot

fat

mean

Correct answer:

idiot

Explanation:

The word "fatuo" comes from "fatuus, a, um," which means stupid or silly. The best choice provided here is "idiot."

Passage adapted from "Carmen 83" by Gaius Valerius Catullus

Example Question #13 : Vocabulary In Poetry Passages

Lesbia mi praesente viro mala plurima dicit:
     haec illi fatuo maxima laetitia est.
mule, nihil sentis? si nostri oblita taceret,
     sana esset: nunc quod gannit et obloquitur,
non solum meminit, sed, quae multo acrior est res,           5
     irata est. hoc est, uritur et loquitur.

The word "gannit" (line 4) translates as __________.

Possible Answers:

she gossips

she yells

she speaks badly of

she whispers

Correct answer:

she speaks badly of

Explanation:

The word "gannit" comes from "gannio," "gannire," which means to speak about someone in a hostile manner. The best choice here is, "she speaks badly of."

Passage adapted from "Carmen 83" by Gaius Valerius Catullus

Example Question #14 : Vocabulary In Poetry Passages

Dicebas quondam solum te nosse Catullum,
     Lesbia, nec prae me velle tenere Iovem.
dilexi tum te non tantum ut vulgus amicam,
     sed pater ut gnatos diligit et generos.
nunc te cognovi: quare etsi impensius uror,               5
     multo mi tamen es vilior et levior.
qui potis est, inquis? quod amantem iniuria talis
     cogit amare magis, sed bene velle minus.

What is the translation of "quondam" (line 1)?

Possible Answers:

A certain one

Once

Since

Also

Correct answer:

Once

Explanation:

The word "quondam" translates as once/formerly.

Passage adapted from "Carmen 72" by Gaius Valerius Catullus

Example Question #11 : Vocabulary In Poetry Passages

Dicebas quondam solum te nosse Catullum,
     Lesbia, nec prae me velle tenere Iovem.
dilexi tum te non tantum ut vulgus amicam,
     sed pater ut gnatos diligit et generos.
nunc te cognovi: quare etsi impensius uror,               5
     multo mi tamen es vilior et levior.
qui potis est, inquis? quod amantem iniuria talis
     cogit amare magis, sed bene velle minus.

The word "dilexi" (line 3) comes from the word meaning _____________.

Possible Answers:

to decide

to say

to love

to lie

Correct answer:

to love

Explanation:

The word "dilexi" comes from "diligo," "diligere," "dilexi," "dilectus," another common word for to love.

Passage adapted from "Carmen 72" by Gaius Valerius Catullus

Example Question #15 : Vocabulary In Poetry Passages

Dicebas quondam solum te nosse Catullum,
     Lesbia, nec prae me velle tenere Iovem.
dilexi tum te non tantum ut vulgus amicam,
     sed pater ut gnatos diligit et generos.
nunc te cognovi: quare etsi impensius uror,               5
     multo mi tamen es vilior et levior.
qui potis est, inquis? quod amantem iniuria talis
     cogit amare magis, sed bene velle minus.

The word "tantum" (line 2) translates as __________.

Possible Answers:

how much

great

little

so much

Correct answer:

so much

Explanation:

The word "tantum" translates as so much/to such an extent.

Passage adapted from "Carmen 72" by Gaius Valerius Catullus

Example Question #16 : Vocabulary In Poetry Passages

Dicebas quondam solum te nosse Catullum,
     Lesbia, nec prae me velle tenere Iovem.
dilexi tum te non tantum ut vulgus amicam,
     sed pater ut gnatos diligit et generos.
nunc te cognovi: quare etsi impensius uror,               5
     multo mi tamen es vilior et levior.
qui potis est, inquis? quod amantem iniuria talis
     cogit amare magis, sed bene velle minus.

The word "gnatos" (line 4) means ___________.

Possible Answers:

cats

children

family

gnats

Correct answer:

children

Explanation:

The word "gnatos" comes from "gnatus," "gnati," which means children.

Passage adapted from "Carmen 72" by Gaius Valerius Catullus

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