SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Analogies

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #101 : Analogies

Complete the analogy.

Compass is to navigation as __________ is to gemstone.

Possible Answers:

entombed

bauble

facet

scarce

peridot

Correct answer:

facet

Explanation:

A "compass" is used to find direction in the act of navigation (the plotting or directing of a course for a ship or vessel). While this may seem like a tool-user relationship, it is not. The compass is part of the whole subject of navigation. Likewise, the answer will be part of a gemstone.  As all the words in the analogy set have been nouns, the answer should also be a noun.

The correct choice is "facet" (noun), which is one side of a multi-sided thing. Think of it as one of the flat sides of a jewel.  Its root "face" literally means face, appearance, or side. This is similar to how sides of 3D geometric shapes are often called "faces."

"Bauble" (noun) is a trinket or piece of jewelry, which makes it more a synonym of a gemstone.

"Peridot" (noun) is a type of gemstone, olive-green colored.

"Scarce" (adj) means uncommon, special, or rare. This describes the gemstone, rather than relating a part of one.

"Entombed" (adj) means buried, generally with a body, like in a grave or tomb. It was a common practice to bury wealth and treasures with someone of importance, but again, the word does not relate an example of a part of a gem.

Example Question #102 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Battalion is to army as __________ is to company.

Possible Answers:

committee

employee

general

private

branch

Correct answer:

branch

Explanation:

A "battalion" is a group of soldiers within a larger army, something like a "regiment" or a "corps." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is a group of individuals who are collectively a part of a "company." The correct answer is a "branch" which means a regional department of a large company.

Example Question #21 : Part And Whole

Complete this analogy.

Epilogue is to book as _______________.

Possible Answers:

coda is to song

ritual is to dance

soap is to dishwasher

typewriter is to novel

chapter is to division

Correct answer:

coda is to song

Explanation:

An "epilogue" is a part of a book that appears at the end. The correct answer will demonstrate a relationship of part and whole. A "coda" is a musical segment that appears at the end of a song

Example Question #22 : Part And Whole

Complete this analogy.

Archipelago is to __________ as bouquet is to flowers.

Possible Answers:

islands

animals 

rocks 

humans 

books 

Correct answer:

islands

Explanation:

A "bouquet" is a group of flowers, particularly flowers that are held together in a bunch for the purpose of being given to someone. So, to solve this analogy, you need to determine what an "archipelago" is a group of. The correct answer is "islands."

Example Question #23 : Part And Whole

Complete this analogy.

Fuselage is to _________________ as hull is to ship.

Possible Answers:

sailing

captain

car

flying

aircraft

Correct answer:

aircraft

Explanation:

The "hull" is the name given to the main body of a "ship." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these a "fuselage" is the main body of. The correct answer is that a "fuselage" is the name given to the main body of an "aircraft." 

Example Question #24 : Part And Whole

Complete this analogy.

Borough is to city as __________ is to dossier.

Possible Answers:

vote

house

utensil

document

money

Correct answer:

document

Explanation:

A "city" is often comprised of "boroughs" (districts within a city). So, to solve this analogy you need to determine what it is that a "dossier" is comprised of. Well, a "dossier" is a collection of "documents" pertaining to a certain subject

Example Question #103 : Analogies

Theft is to crime as __________.

Possible Answers:

disbelief is to obliviousness

sleep is to exhaustion

procrastination is to laziness

ship is to navigation

prisoner is to cell

Correct answer:

procrastination is to laziness

Explanation:

Theft is a form of crime; similarly, procrastination (putting things off) is a form of laziness.

Example Question #104 : Analogies

Complete this analogy

Virtue is to kindness as vice is to __________.

Possible Answers:

Selfishness 

Generosity 

Verbosity

Serendipity 

Caring 

Correct answer:

Selfishness 

Explanation:

Kindness is an example of a virtue. A virtue is a morally positive attribute which is opposite in definition to a vice. To solve this analogy you must identify which of the answer choices is an example of a vice. The only morally negative attribute is “selfishness” so this is the correct answer. For clarification serendipity means the accidental discovery of something fortunate; verbosity describes long-winded speech or writing.

Example Question #105 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Altercation is to conversation as tirade is to __________.

Possible Answers:

speech 

misgiving 

essay 

nonsense 

situation 

Correct answer:

speech 

Explanation:

An "altercation" is a form of negative, or hostile, conversation, so to solve this analogy you have to determine which answer choice relates to "tirade" in the same manner. "Tirade" means long and angry speech, so the correct answer is “speech.”

Example Question #106 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Homicide is to crime as tome is to __________.

Possible Answers:

Essay 

Book

Portrait

Musical

Movie 

Correct answer:

Book

Explanation:

Homicide is a type of crime defined as the act of killing somebody, so to solve this analogy you have to determine into which category a tome belongs. A tome is a particularly long and heavy book so the correct answer is “book.”

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