SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Analogies

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #751 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Wedding is to marriage as ______________.

Possible Answers:

funeral is to death

monarchy is to coronation

piety is to religion 

gown is to bride

inauguration is to term

Correct answer:

inauguration is to term

Explanation:

At first look, wedding and marriage might seem like synonyms. But here’s a better connection: A "wedding" is the formal ceremony that begins a marriage.

Is an inauguration the formal ceremony that begins a term? It is. An "inauguration" is a ceremony to mark the beginning of something, especially the formal admission of someone into office, as in the beginning of the term of office of the President of the United States. (In the United States, in the year of a presidential election, Inauguration Day is on January 20th.)

Is a "monarchy" the formal ceremony that begins a "coronation"? No. It’s more the other way around. A "coronation" is the crowning ceremony of a king or a queen, which begins his or her monarchy, or rule.

Is "piety" the formal ceremony that begins a religion? No. "Piety" means the quality of being religious or pious, but it is not the formal ceremony that begins a religion.

Is a "funeral" the formal ceremony that begins a death? Let’s hope not! The death occurs before the funeral.

Lastly, a "gown" is not the formal ceremony that begins a bride; a gown may be worn by a bride, but it isn't a ceremony beginning a bride.

Example Question #751 : Analogies

Complete the analogy.

Debase is to value as decompress is to __________.

Possible Answers:

pressure 

desire 

affection 

distance 

temperature 

Correct answer:

pressure 

Explanation:

To "debase" means to humiliate and insult, or to reduce the value of something. So, if "debase" means to reduce "value," what does "decompress" involve the reduction of? To "decompress" means to reduce the pressure within something, so the correct answer is "pressure."

Example Question #752 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Trifle is to importance as madman is to ____________.

Possible Answers:

honesty

money

vigor

sanity

time

Correct answer:

sanity

Explanation:

"Trifle" means having little "importance." So, a "trifle" is something that lacks "importance." Which of these is something that a "madman" lacks? The correct answer is "sanity," or the ability to behave rationally. Additionally, "vigor" is strength and health

Example Question #754 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Sadist is to cruelty as sybarite is to _____________.

Possible Answers:

efficacy

commendation

scruples

luxury

dormancy

Correct answer:

luxury

Explanation:

A "sadist" is someone who derives pleasure from causing pain to others. So, a "sadist" is primarily concerned with "cruelty." What is a "sybarite" primarily concerned with? Well, a "hedonist" is omeone who is self-indulgent and seeks "luxury." Additionally, "scruples" are misgivings, doubts about something; "dormancy" means a state of inactivity; "commendation" means award, certificate given in recognition of accomplishment; "efficacy" means how effective something is, how likely something is to work as intended.

Example Question #753 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Aphasia is to __________ as psychosis is to reality.

Possible Answers:

hearing 

taste

sight 

speech

sensation 

Correct answer:

speech

Explanation:

"Psychosis" is an extreme mental disorder that manifests in a loss of "reality." So, if someone with "psychosis" has lost touch with "reality," what has someone with "aphasia" lost? The correct answer is the ability of "speech." 

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