SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Analogies

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Upper Level Verbal

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #3 : Analogies: Suffixes From Latin

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Cacophony is to music as war is to __________.

Possible Answers:

general 

battle

conflict

soldier

peace

Correct answer:

peace

Explanation:

The Latin root "phony" means sound, so you can infer that a "cacophony" is a type of sound. Specifically, "cacophony" means a loud, displeasing noise, so it is an antonym of "music." Therefore, the correct answer will be the opposite of "war," which is "peace."

Example Question #4 : Analogies: Suffixes From Latin

Complete this analogy.

Positive is to utopia as negative is to _________.

Possible Answers:

myriad 

postmodern

dystopia 

ephemeral 

divine 

Correct answer:

dystopia 

Explanation:

A utopia is a perfect hypothetical society, so to solve this analog you have to figure out which of these answer choices is a negative representation of a hypothetical society. The correct answer, as you might have guessed from the matching suffixes, is “dystopia.” For clarification, "myriad" means countless; "postmodern" is a school of thinking defined by deconstruction; "ephemeral" means short-lived; and "divine" means of or relating to (a) god(s) or goddess(es).

Example Question #5 : Analogies: Suffixes From Latin

Complete this analogy.

Man is to biped as dog is to __________.

Possible Answers:

quadriceps

quadruped

triped 

tripod 

pentode 

Correct answer:

quadruped

Explanation:

A biped is a two-legged animal and a human is an example of that, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine which of these answer choices a dog is an example of. Well, dogs have four legs, so the answer will likely contain the prefix "quad­-," which means four, and the suffix "-ped­," which means relating to feet or legs. The correct answer is therefore “quadruped.”

Example Question #6 : Analogies: Suffixes From Latin

Complete this analogy.

Insecticide is to bug as deicide is to __________.

Possible Answers:

decimal

tree

two

god

ten

Correct answer:

god

Explanation:

The suffix "-cide" means to kill. An insecticide is a product that kills insects (bugs), and a deicide is something that kills deities (gods).

Example Question #1 : Analogies: Roots

The words in these verbal analogies are based on the understanding and use of common Latin and Greek word roots.

Father is to patronymic as mother is to __________.

Possible Answers:

maiden

name

family

daughter

son

Correct answer:

maiden

Explanation:

A patronymic is a name that comes from or belongs to your father ("pater" = father and "nym" = name). A name that comes from your mother is her maiden name.

Example Question #2 : Analogies: Roots

The words in these verbal analogies are based on the understanding and use of common Latin and Greek word roots.

Endocrine is to gland as endoscope is to __________.

Possible Answers:

vision

exocrine

grand

camera

eyes

Correct answer:

camera

Explanation:

"Endo-" is a prefix meaning "within" or "inside." The endocrine system involves glands that secrete substances within the body, and an endoscope is a camera that looks within the body.

Example Question #3 : Analogies: Roots

The words in these verbal analogies are based on the understanding and use of common Latin and Greek word roots.

Malefactor is to benefactor as dysphoria is to __________.

Possible Answers:

euphoria

disjunction

moody

dysfunction

philantrhopist

Correct answer:

euphoria

Explanation:

"Mal-" and "bene-" are the Latin roots for "bad" and good;" a malefactor is one who does something bad, and a benefactor is one who does something good. Similarly, "dys-" and "eu-" are the Greek roots that mean "bad" and "good;" dysphoria is a bad mood or feeling, and euphoria is a good mood or feeling.

Example Question #4 : Analogies: Roots

The words in these verbal analogies are based on the understanding and use of common Latin and Greek word roots.

 Pentathlon is to triathlon as quintuplet is to __________.

Possible Answers:

octopus

triplet

sextant

quaternary

decathlon

Correct answer:

triplet

Explanation:

"Penta-" is a root meaning "five," and "tri-" is a root meaning three. A pentathlon is an athletic competition with five events, and a triathlon is one with three events. A quintuplet is a set of five, and a triplet is set of three.

Example Question #5 : Analogies: Roots

The words in these verbal analogies are based on the understanding and use of common Latin and Greek word roots.

Super is to sub as hyper is to __________.

Possible Answers:

over

under

hypo

marine

active

Correct answer:

hypo

Explanation:

"Super-" and "sub-" are Latin roots meaning "high/above" or "low/below," respectively. The Greek roots with the same meanings are "hyper-" and "hypo-."

Example Question #6 : Analogies: Roots

Patriarchal is to matriarchal as feminine is to __________.

Possible Answers:

woman 

effervescent 

feminist 

misogynist

masculine 

Correct answer:

masculine 

Explanation:

Patriarchal describes a society or group of people ruled by men. Matriarchal describes a society or group of people ruled by women. To solve this analogy you have to identify which of the answer choices is the male form of feminine. This should lead you to the correct answer, "masculine." For clarification, misogynist describes hateful behavior exhibited towards women; effervescent means vivacious or lively.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors