SAT II World History : North and South America

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Discovery And Settlement Of The Americas

Which of these groups were the first to settle the Hudson River Valley?

Possible Answers:

The English

The Spanish

The Portuguese

The Dutch

The French

Correct answer:

The Dutch

Explanation:

The Dutch were the first to found colonies in the Hudson River Valley, the area comprising most of modern-day New York. They founded the colony of New Amsterdam, which would become New York City, in the early seventeenth century. 

Example Question #1 : Discovery And Settlement Of The Americas

Prior to the arrival of Columbus in the fifteenth century, which of these groups is believed to have arrived in North America? 

Possible Answers:

The French

The Gauls

The Chinese

The Celts

The Vikings

Correct answer:

The Vikings

Explanation:

The Vikings, led by the famous Leif Erikson, are believed to have arrived in what is modern-day Nova Scotia and Newfoundland in the eleventh century, four centuries before the arrival of the Dutch, English, French, Portuguese, and Spanish.

Example Question #2 : Discovery And Settlement Of The Americas

Where were the first European colonies in the New World established? 

Possible Answers:

Florida

Hispaniola

Honduras

Brazil

Virginia

Correct answer:

Hispaniola

Explanation:

The first European colonies in the New World were established in Hispaniola on the initial voyages of Columbus in 1492 and 1493. The island of Hispaniola is now shared by the modern-day countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

Example Question #1 : North And South America

According to the Monroe Doctrine, the United States 

Possible Answers:

Would aid France in any future conflict with another European power. 

Could establish imperial colonies in the South Pacific. 

Would aid Britain in any future conflict with another European power. 

Would intervene if any European power tried to establish new colonies in the American hemisphere. 

Had a divine right and mandate to expand across the whole of the North American continent. 

Correct answer:

Would intervene if any European power tried to establish new colonies in the American hemisphere. 

Explanation:

The Monroe Doctrine was issued in 1823 following the independence of several South American countries. It stated that if the European powers tried to reestablish colonial control over South or Central America then the United States would intervene. 

Example Question #1 : Discovery And Settlement Of The Americas

Manifest Destiny states that __________.

Possible Answers:

the United States should avoid getting involved in European conflicts

the British will one day return to claim their former American colonies

the United States should police the involvement of European nations in Central and South America

the United States is fated to spread across the whole North American continent

there is fluidity and mobility in the American social and economic system

Correct answer:

the United States is fated to spread across the whole North American continent

Explanation:

Manifest Destiny is an important and influential mythology of the early American Republic. Proponents of Manifest Destiny argued that the United States was fated to spread and expand across the whole North American conflict. Manifest Destiny was an important driving myth in the massive westward expansion of American settlers in the nineteenth century.

Example Question #1 : The American Revolution

The Declaration of Independence was written by __________.

Possible Answers:

John Adams

Benjamin Franklin

Alexander Hamilton

George Washington

Thomas Jefferson

Correct answer:

Thomas Jefferson

Explanation:

The Declaration of Independence, in which the American colonies published a series of grievances against the colonial rule of the British Empire, was written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776. 

Example Question #251 : 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

The Revolutionary War emerged over issues regarding __________.

Possible Answers:

the overthrow of the Puritan government at the end of the British Civil War 

economic stagnation in the American colonies following the French and Indian War

the right of the British government to tax the American colonists 

the British government's refusal to honor freedom of religious practice in the American colonies 

the quartering of British troops in the homes of aristocrats in the American colonies 

Correct answer:

the right of the British government to tax the American colonists 

Explanation:

The term Revolutionary War is generally used to describe the military campaign between 1775 and 1783, however in terms of a political revolution the period actually began in 1765 when the American colonists first officially rejected the right of the British government to levy taxes against the American colonists. You probably remember the rallying cry "no taxation without representation" from your various classes in American history. This was the central issue that led to the American War of Independence. 

Example Question #474 : Sat Subject Test In World History

The ideas of which philosophers influenced the American Revolution? 

Possible Answers:

John Stuart Mill's belief in utilitarianism and the promotion of happiness

Thomas Hobbes' belief in the need for absolute monarchy

John Locke's belief in a government that responded to the needs of the people

Karl Marx's belief in the importance of worker-run industry

Abbe Sieyes' belief in the importance of working people being represented by their government

Correct answer:

John Locke's belief in a government that responded to the needs of the people

Explanation:

All of these philosophers rose to prominence after the American Revolution, save Hobbes and Locke. Hobbes promoted absolute monarchy, something that the American Revolution fought against. Locke's ideas about a government that responded to the needs of its people influenced the American Revolution.

Example Question #251 : 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

A direct cause of the Spanish American Wars of Independence in the early nineteenth century was

Possible Answers:

the Napoleonic invasions of Spain.

Native American revolts.

military intervention by the Spanish government in colonial affairs.

slave revolts.

new taxes on colonial products.

Correct answer:

the Napoleonic invasions of Spain.

Explanation:

Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of France, invaded Spain in 1807, deposing the King and throwing the country into general chaos. This dissolution of authority made colonial governments assert their own authority over their own lands. By 1833, when King Ferdinand VII of Spain died and the Spanish government renounced claims, only Puerto Rico and Cuba remained as Spanish possessions in the Americas.

Example Question #2 : Other American History From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

The Triple Alliance was the association of city-states that in the fifteenth century ruled

Possible Answers:

the highlands of Peru.

the Yucatan Peninsula.

the Amazon River basin.

Mid-Atlantic colonies.

Central Mexico.

Correct answer:

Central Mexico.

Explanation:

The Triple Alliance was the association of Tenochtitlan, Texoco, and Tlacopan, three city states in Central Mexico that came together in the early 1400s CE. This association ruled over much of central Mexico for the next hundred years, with authority vested in the king of Tenochtitlan, although most associated city states had some authority. When Hernan Cortes first encountered and then conquered the Alliance in the early sixteenth century, he and his fellow Spaniards related to it as an "Empire," which they named after the largest ethnic group in the Alliance, the Azteca.

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