ISEE Upper Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns for Abstract Concepts

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #51 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

HYPERBOLE

Possible Answers:

Exaggeration

Conformity

Conviction

Obstinance

Enthusiasm

Correct answer:

Exaggeration

Explanation:

“Hyperbole” is an obvious and intentional overstatement of the truth, so "exaggeration" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "hyperbole." Considering the other answer choices, a “conviction” is a strongly felt opinion; “conformity” means similarity or compliance to rules; "enthusiasm" means excitement or zeal; and "obstinance" means stubbornness.

Example Question #52 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PRETENSE

Possible Answers:

Order

Difference

Secrecy

Candidness

Deception

Correct answer:

Deception

Explanation:

"Pretense" is a noun that means "an attempt to make something that is not the case appear true" or "a false display of feelings, attitudes, or intentions."So, we need to pick out a noun that means something like "an attempt to make something false appear true" or "a false display." "Candidness," then, cannot be the correct answer, because "candidness" is a noun that means "the quality of being truthful and straightforward; frankness," making it more of an antonym than a synonym of "pretense." "Deception," however, is a noun that means "the action of deceiving someone" or "a thing that deceives," and because "deception" is the answer choice closest to "pretense," "deception" is the correct answer.

Example Question #53 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PREDILECTION

Possible Answers:

Elegance

Impartiality

Modicum

Propensity

Parsimony

Correct answer:

Propensity

Explanation:

"Predilection" and "propensity" both mean tendency or inclination. "Impartiality means equality or fairness. "Modicum" means a bit or small amount. "Parsimony" means stinginess or frugality

Example Question #54 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PROPENSITY

Possible Answers:

Repetition

Panacea

Tendency

Pathos

Incompetence

Correct answer:

Tendency

Explanation:

"Propensity" and "tendency" both mean an inclination or weakness. "Panacea" means a cure-all or elixir. "Incompetence" means lack of ability"Pathos" means deep sadness

Example Question #55 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ANTITHESIS

Possible Answers:

Irony

Opposite

Hyperbole

Apex

Estimate

Correct answer:

Opposite

Explanation:

Since "antithesis" means a person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else, the answer choice that is its closest synonym is "opposite."

Example Question #91 : Identifying Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

REACTION

Possible Answers:

Bonding

Catalyzing

Chemical

Backlash

Boiling

Correct answer:

Backlash

Explanation:

We often use reaction in its weak sense of being a “response.” This is an acceptable (and most appropriate) meaning, but it is not found among your options. In a stronger usage, it can mean “a strong action or set of actions in response, often political.” For instance, one could say, “The new legislation requiring all citizens to pay an additional twenty percent in taxes caused a huge reaction from almost all classes of citizens.” Here, “reaction” takes on the stronger meaning of “backlash.”

Example Question #57 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

RECOURSE

Possible Answers:

Recall

Election

Forgotten

Choice

Condemnation

Correct answer:

Choice

Explanation:

Likely, you have heard the expression, “the only recourse,” as in, “A presidential pardon was the only recourse that the man had to lift the crime from his record.” The word generally means, “Means of alleviating a situation,” or even more generally, “Choice or option.” Thus, when one says, “He had recourse to the support of his family during his financial difficulties,” this means, “He had the option to go to his family for aid.”

Example Question #58 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Answer the following question by selecting the word that is most nearly the same in meaning as the word in capital letters.

PANEGYRIC

Possible Answers:

rant

probity

elegy

odyssey

proclivity

Correct answer:

elegy

Explanation:

"Panegyric" and "elegy" both mean praise or warm words. "Rant" means a tirade or yelling. "Probity" means fairness or honesty. "Proclivity" means an inclination or habit. "Odyssey" means a journey or excursion

Example Question #59 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Answer the following question by selecting the word that is most nearly the same in meaning as the word in capital letters.

MAGNANIMITY

Possible Answers:

avarice

cupidity

chivalry

myriad

maxim

Correct answer:

chivalry

Explanation:

"Magnanimity" and "chivalry" both mean generosity. "Avarice" means extreme greed. "Cupiditiy" also means extreme greed or acquisitiveness. "Maxim" means a saying or aphorism. "Myriad" means a lot of something.

Example Question #60 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CREDENCE

Possible Answers:

Apprehension

Renaissance

Acceptance

Conflagration

Investment

Correct answer:

Acceptance

Explanation:

"Credence" means acceptance or trust, so "acceptance" is the correct answer. None of the other answer choices are close in meaning to "credence": "conflagration" means a large fire; "renaissance" means a rebirth or renewal; "investment" means something given or lent with the expectation of a return; "apprehension" means anxiety or fear

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