ISEE Upper Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns for Abstract Concepts

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #51 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

HYPERBOLE

Possible Answers:

Exaggeration

Conformity

Conviction

Enthusiasm

Obstinance

Correct answer:

Exaggeration

Explanation:

“Hyperbole” is an obvious and intentional overstatement of the truth, so "exaggeration" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "hyperbole." Considering the other answer choices, a “conviction” is a strongly felt opinion; “conformity” means similarity or compliance to rules; "enthusiasm" means excitement or zeal; and "obstinance" means stubbornness.

Example Question #52 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PRETENSE

Possible Answers:

Difference

Secrecy

Deception

Candidness

Order

Correct answer:

Deception

Explanation:

"Pretense" is a noun that means "an attempt to make something that is not the case appear true" or "a false display of feelings, attitudes, or intentions."So, we need to pick out a noun that means something like "an attempt to make something false appear true" or "a false display." "Candidness," then, cannot be the correct answer, because "candidness" is a noun that means "the quality of being truthful and straightforward; frankness," making it more of an antonym than a synonym of "pretense." "Deception," however, is a noun that means "the action of deceiving someone" or "a thing that deceives," and because "deception" is the answer choice closest to "pretense," "deception" is the correct answer.

Example Question #52 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PREDILECTION

Possible Answers:

Propensity

Elegance

Modicum

Parsimony

Impartiality

Correct answer:

Propensity

Explanation:

"Predilection" and "propensity" both mean tendency or inclination. "Impartiality means equality or fairness. "Modicum" means a bit or small amount. "Parsimony" means stinginess or frugality

Example Question #53 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PROPENSITY

Possible Answers:

Incompetence

Panacea

Pathos

Tendency

Repetition

Correct answer:

Tendency

Explanation:

"Propensity" and "tendency" both mean an inclination or weakness. "Panacea" means a cure-all or elixir. "Incompetence" means lack of ability"Pathos" means deep sadness

Example Question #54 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ANTITHESIS

Possible Answers:

Irony

Apex

Hyperbole

Estimate

Opposite

Correct answer:

Opposite

Explanation:

Since "antithesis" means a person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else, the answer choice that is its closest synonym is "opposite."

Example Question #55 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

REACTION

Possible Answers:

Boiling

Backlash

Catalyzing

Bonding

Chemical

Correct answer:

Backlash

Explanation:

We often use reaction in its weak sense of being a “response.” This is an acceptable (and most appropriate) meaning, but it is not found among your options. In a stronger usage, it can mean “a strong action or set of actions in response, often political.” For instance, one could say, “The new legislation requiring all citizens to pay an additional twenty percent in taxes caused a huge reaction from almost all classes of citizens.” Here, “reaction” takes on the stronger meaning of “backlash.”

Example Question #55 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

RECOURSE

Possible Answers:

Election

Choice

Recall

Forgotten

Condemnation

Correct answer:

Choice

Explanation:

Likely, you have heard the expression, “the only recourse,” as in, “A presidential pardon was the only recourse that the man had to lift the crime from his record.” The word generally means, “Means of alleviating a situation,” or even more generally, “Choice or option.” Thus, when one says, “He had recourse to the support of his family during his financial difficulties,” this means, “He had the option to go to his family for aid.”

Example Question #56 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Answer the following question by selecting the word that is most nearly the same in meaning as the word in capital letters.

PANEGYRIC

Possible Answers:

elegy

proclivity

odyssey

rant

probity

Correct answer:

elegy

Explanation:

"Panegyric" and "elegy" both mean praise or warm words. "Rant" means a tirade or yelling. "Probity" means fairness or honesty. "Proclivity" means an inclination or habit. "Odyssey" means a journey or excursion

Example Question #57 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Answer the following question by selecting the word that is most nearly the same in meaning as the word in capital letters.

MAGNANIMITY

Possible Answers:

cupidity

avarice

myriad

chivalry

maxim

Correct answer:

chivalry

Explanation:

"Magnanimity" and "chivalry" both mean generosity. "Avarice" means extreme greed. "Cupiditiy" also means extreme greed or acquisitiveness. "Maxim" means a saying or aphorism. "Myriad" means a lot of something.

Example Question #58 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CREDENCE

Possible Answers:

Renaissance

Apprehension

Conflagration

Investment

Acceptance

Correct answer:

Acceptance

Explanation:

"Credence" means acceptance or trust, so "acceptance" is the correct answer. None of the other answer choices are close in meaning to "credence": "conflagration" means a large fire; "renaissance" means a rebirth or renewal; "investment" means something given or lent with the expectation of a return; "apprehension" means anxiety or fear

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