GED Social Studies : Civil Rights and Demographics

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Civil Rights And Demographics

Why is the Seneca Falls Convention important in US history?

Possible Answers:

It led to prohibition of alcohol.

It led to the adoption of the Articles of Confederation.

It led to the age of conscription being lowered from twenty-one to eighteen.

It was the first organized meeting to promote women's’ rights.

It was the first organized meeting to promote social equality and justice for minorities.

Correct answer:

It was the first organized meeting to promote women's’ rights.

Explanation:

The Seneca Falls Convention took place in 1848. It was the first large-scale organized meeting promoting the advancement of women’s rights.

Example Question #2 : Civil Rights And Demographics

The Equal Pay Act of 1963 __________.

Possible Answers:

made it illegal to pay women less than men for working in the same position

established that Congress could not make adjustments to its own pay structure

made it illegal to fire a woman for taking maternity leave

made it illegal to pay minorities less than whites for working in the same position

established that the Presidency would not be a salaried position, allowing people other than the extremely wealthy to run for office

Correct answer:

made it illegal to pay women less than men for working in the same position

Explanation:

The Equal Pay Act of 1963 attempted to prohibit the disparity that existed in almost all businesses between the wages given to men and women. It made it illegal to pay a woman less than a man if they did the same amount of work in the same position. It is an important early law of the Civil Rights Era.

Example Question #1 : Civil Rights And Demographics

Female oral contraception, known as “the Pill” first became available in __________.

Possible Answers:

The 1990s

The 1850s

The 1700s

The 1920s

The 1960s

Correct answer:

The 1960s

Explanation:

The Pill was made widely available for the first time in 1960. The release of a daily oral female contraceptive is perhaps one of the most significant turning points in the movement towards gender equality. For the first time women had near complete control over their own bodies, when they would have children, and their sexual freedom (at least in theory). It allowed women to plan when (and if) they would have children around their careers and life decisions. It led to a dramatic increase in women in the workplace, especially in technical and skilled career paths, and provided much of the impetus for later legal amendments to provide for guaranteed female equality.

Example Question #4 : Civil Rights And Demographics

The first birth-control clinic in the United States was opened in the __________.

Possible Answers:

1890s

1960s

1930s

1910s

1940s

Correct answer:

1910s

Explanation:

Although the birth-control pill was not legally available to women until 1960, the first birth-control clinic in the United States was opened in New York City in 1916. This was a major development in the improvement of women’s rights and in the autonomy available to women in society as for the first time some women could control if and when they would have children.

Example Question #1 : Civil Rights Movement

The domestic reforms of the Great Society are associated with which United States President?

Possible Answers:

John F. Kennedy.

Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Richard Nixon.

Harry Truman.

Lyndon B. Johnson.

Correct answer:

Lyndon B. Johnson.

Explanation:

The Great Society was a series of domestic programs and reforms instituted under President Lyndon B. Johnson. These are not to be confused with the New Deal programs of Franklin D. Roosevelt, although the two had somewhat similar goals. Part of the Great Society reforms were the extension of Medicare and Medicaid, the Civil Rights Acts, and the War on Poverty.

Example Question #191 : Content Areas

The Democratic National Convention of 1968 is notable for __________

Possible Answers:

The assassination of John F. Kennedy, allowing Lyndon B. Johnson to assume the Presidency.

the delegates voting against a resolution to end the war in Vietnam and sparking massive anti-war protests.

the delegates voting to fully abandon America’s policy of stockpiling nuclear weapons and losing the election as a result.

the assassination of Robert Kennedy, allowing Richard Nixon to claim the Presidency.

the delegates voting to pass a resolution to make the prevention of nuclear proliferation the number one foreign-policy goal of their party.

Correct answer:

the delegates voting against a resolution to end the war in Vietnam and sparking massive anti-war protests.

Explanation:

The Democratic National Convention of 1968 is notable primarily for the fact that the delegates in attendance voted against a resolution to end the war in Vietnam—refusing to make it part of their electoral platform. This sparked a massive conflagration between protesters and armed police, as well as national guardsmen. Although Robert Kennedy was assassinated in 1968, this did not take place at the Democratic National Convention.

Example Question #1 : Civil Rights Movement

The Kent State Massacre involved the killing of four students who were protesting __________.

Possible Answers:

American involvement in the Gulf War

the lack of equality for African Americans in American society

American involvement in the Vietnam War

American involvement in World War Two

the lack of equality for women in American society

Correct answer:

American involvement in the Vietnam War

Explanation:

The Kent State Massacre took place in 1970. The late 1960s and early 1970s was a period of intense student activism in the United States. Students were protesting for advances in civil rights and equality, but also for an end to American involvement in the Vietnam War. Many students believed that it was absurd and immoral that so many young people should die in a war that did not directly affect American lives. The Kent State Massacre involved the killing of four students by the Ohio National Guard and furthered the divide between the mainstream and the counter-culture in American society.

Example Question #1 : Court Cases And Civil Rights

Who was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court during the Civil Rights Era?

Possible Answers:

John Marshall

Roger Taney

John Jay

Earl Warren

Thurgood Marshall

Correct answer:

Earl Warren

Explanation:

The Warren Court of the 1950s and 1960s was lead by Chief Justice Earl Warren. During this era, the Supreme Court overturned many laws and precedents that had entrenched racial and gender divides in society. The most famous ruling of this time period is Brown v. Board of Education which ruled that the doctrine in place in much of the South and Midwest “Separate, but equal” was inherently unconstitutional. This overturned decades of precedent which had been established in 1896 with the Supreme Court case, Plessy v. Ferguson.

Example Question #91 : United States History

The Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade __________

Possible Answers:

criminalized same-sex marriage.

criminalized abortion.

legalized abortion.

legalized same-sex marriage.

overturned the separate but equal precedent established by Plessy v. Ferguson.

Correct answer:

legalized abortion.

Explanation:

The Supreme Court case, Roe v. Wade (1973), decided that the right to abortion was a fundamental right of all women in the United States. The court case has ramifications to this day, and despite the issue presumably having been settled in the courts, it remains extremely polarizing in America—dividing many people into pro-life and pro-choice camps, and inspiring a seemingly endless number of grassroots movements and campaigns. 

Example Question #1 : Minorities In The United States

Rosa Parks was __________

Possible Answers:

a famous opera singer during the roaring 20s.

a United States Civil Rights leader.

a leader in the movement for female emancipation.

the first female to hold office in the Senate.

the first African American on the Supreme Court.

Correct answer:

a United States Civil Rights leader.

Explanation:

Rosa Parks was a United States Civil Rights leader who famously refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. In the majority of the South at this time blacks and whites were segregated in public, and in refusing to give up her seat Rosa Parks was violating the law. Her refusal helped spark and give momentum to the burgeoning civil rights movement. The first African American on the Supreme Court was Thurgood Marshall.

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