European History : Commerce; Economics; Market Competition

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for European History

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Example Questions

Example Question #2 : Social And Economic History

Which one of these nations is a member of the European Union but does not use the Euro as its currency?

Possible Answers:

France

Italy

Germany

Greece

The United Kingdom

Correct answer:

The United Kingdom

Explanation:

The United Kingdom has continued to use the British Pound as its currency, despite being a member of the European Union. The other nations do use the Euro, and are therefore incorrect.

Example Question #1 : Social And Economic History

Which of the following is counted among the founders of modern economics, and advocated for the concept of the Invisible Hand?

Possible Answers:

Adam Smith

John Locke

Karl Marx

Jonathon Swift

Voltaire

Correct answer:

Adam Smith

Explanation:

Karl Marx most assuredly did not believe in the Invisible Hand, nor did he invent the concept, so he would not be a good choice. Voltaire was not particularly interested in the study of economics, so he would not be a good answer here. John Locke was a philosopher but he did not invent the concept of the Invisible Hand, so he would not be the correct answer. Jonathan Swift was a satirist, but he did not study economics as a discipline, so he would not be the best answer. Lastly, Adam Smith did both of the things in question, so he would be the best answer.

Example Question #101 : European History

An economic system in which the state promotes nationalism by encouraging exports and discouraging imports is called _________________.

Possible Answers:

mercantilism 

mutualism 

capitalism

state capitalism

socialism

Correct answer:

mercantilism 

Explanation:

Mercantilism was the dominant economic system in Europe's colonial powers from the 16th to the 18th century. The government would regulate the nation's economy, particularly its trade relations, to advance the state's interest and weaken its rival nations.

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