AP Psychology : Social Development

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Psychology

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Example Questions

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Example Question #75 : Dimensions Of Psychological Development

According to Kubler-Ross, when a person is diagnosed with a terminal illness he is most likely to experience the stages of grief in which of the following orders?

Possible Answers:

Depression, bargaining, anger, denial, acceptance

Denial, anxiety, bargaining, depression, acceptance

Denial, anger, bargaining, shame, acceptance

Depression, bargaining, anger, denial, acceptance

Denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance

Correct answer:

Denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance

Explanation:

Kubler-Ross developed an explanation for the series of stages people go through when faced with their own death. According to this model, most people experience the stages in the following order: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. One way to remember this is by the acronym DABDA. Note that shame and anxiety are not stages in this model. 

Example Question #76 : Dimensions Of Psychological Development

Jane's parents can be both demanding and responsive. They set high expectations for her, but are supportive and loving when she falls short. They also often involve Jane in creating household rules. What type of parenting style best describes Jane's parents?

Possible Answers:

Secure

Permissive

Ambivalent

Authoritarian

Authoritative

Correct answer:

Authoritative

Explanation:

Jane's parents are authoritative, meaning they set high standards for their children but are also flexible and reasonable. Authoritarian parents tend to set high standards, but are not warm or responsive. They expect obedience and leave little room for negotiation. Permissive parents can be warm and responsive, but have few rules for their children. Secure is not a term used to describe parenting style. Rather, it describes attachment. Securely attached children are distressed when their parents leave the room but welcome them on their return. Authoritative parents often raise secure children. Ambivalent children are distressed when their parents leave but are not welcoming when they return. 

Example Question #77 : Dimensions Of Psychological Development

Which of the following stages of play involves an organized activity in which all participants are to abide by clear roles?

Possible Answers:

Parallel play

Solitary play

Unoccupied play

Cooperative play

Onlooker play

Correct answer:

Cooperative play

Explanation:

Cooperative play is the most advanced stage of play in which a child is interested in both other children and the play activity. Some examples of cooperative play include "freeze tag" and "red rover." 

Example Question #78 : Dimensions Of Psychological Development

According to Erik Erikson, which stage of life involves addressing our identity and social roles?

Possible Answers:

Infancy

Old age

Middle adulthood

Middle childhood

Adolescence

Correct answer:

Adolescence

Explanation:

According to Erik Erikson's psychosocial stages, adolescents are faced with how they appear to others (especially same-age peers) and take this time to "try on" different roles to see how others react. This stage is completed when the individual has adopted a comprehensive identity. 

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