World History : World History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : The Neolithic Era

Which of the following is not a development of the Neolithic Era?

Possible Answers:

Written Language

Early Metallurgy

Early Domestication

Agrarian Settlements

Correct answer:

Early Metallurgy

Explanation:

Metallurgy begins in the Early Bronze Age. Neolithic Age translates to the "New Stone" Age.

Example Question #2 : The Neolithic Era

Which of the following was responsible for the transition to sedentary lifestyles in the Neolithic Age?

Possible Answers:

Invention of Agriculture

Invention of Pottery

Early Cursive Scripts

Early Domestication

Correct answer:

Invention of Agriculture

Explanation:

The advent of agriculture allowed more permanent settlements, as migratory patterns in search of food were no longer necessary.The domestication of animals and inventions of cursive script and pottery were all made possible by sedentary lifestyles.

Example Question #1 : Early Civilization In China And Egypt

Which is the correct chronological order of the following dynasties?

Possible Answers:

Qing, Tang, Han, Ming

Qing, Han, Tang, Ming

Ming, Tang, Han, Qing

Han, Tang, Ming, Qing

Han, Ming, Tang, Qing

Correct answer:

Han, Tang, Ming, Qing

Explanation:

Han Dynasty 206 B.C.E. to 220 C.E.

Tang Dynasty 618 C.E. to 907 C.E.

Ming Dynasty 1368 C.E to 1644 C.E. 

Qing Dynasty 1644 C.E. to 1911 C.E. 

Example Question #4 : World History

The period of civil instability that led to the formation of the Qin Dynasty was known as which of the following?

Possible Answers:

The Warring States Period

The Ming Dynasty

The War of the Roses

The Spring and Autumn Period

The Communist Revolution

Correct answer:

The Warring States Period

Explanation:

The Spring and Autumn Period was not the era immediately preceding the Qin dynasty, so that would not be the best answer. The Communist Revolution was a period of civil instability, however it was many centuries after the Qin dynasty, so that would not be a good answer. The War of the Roses was a civil war, but it was in 15th century England, so that would not be the best answer choice. The Ming dynasty was not a period of civil strife and it was many centuries after the Qin dynasty, so that would not be a good choice. Lastly, the Warring States Period was a time of civil strife and directly preceded the Qin dynasty, so that would be the best choice.

Example Question #2 : Early Civilization In China And Egypt

Which of the following was the ancient Chinese philosopher that focused on familial relationships and the foundations for a stronger social order?

Possible Answers:

Laozi

Yu the Engineer

None of these

Mao Zedong

Confucius

Correct answer:

Confucius

Explanation:

Laozi was the founder of Taoism and did not focus on social order, so he would not be the best choice. Yu the Engineer was an arguably fictional sage-emperor and was not a philosopher, so he would not be the best choice. Mao Zedong was the leader of the Communist Revolution and lived in the 20th century, so he too would not be the best answer. Finally, Confucius was a Chinese historian and philosopher concerned with both of the aspects in question, so he would be the best choice.

Example Question #2 : Early Civilization In China And Egypt

The (arguably fictional) early emperor of China renowned for flood control was which of the following?

Possible Answers:

Kublai Khan

Genghis Khan

Mao Zedong

Ivan the Great

Yu the Great

Correct answer:

Yu the Great

Explanation:

Mao Zedong was the leader of the Communist Revolution in the 20th century, so he would not be a good answer to this question. Genghis Khan was a Mongol and the creator of the Mongol Empire, so he too is not a good choice. Kublai Khan was the grandson of Genghis and lived in the 13th century, so he would not be a good answer to this question. Ivan the Great was the Prince of Moscow and founder of Rus - the predecessor state of Russia - so he would not be the best choice. Lastly Yu the Great was allegedly able to devise a series of dams and flood control measures that mitigated serious agricultural problems in central China.

Example Question #1 : World History

Under the Statesman Pericles in Athens, what type of democracy was used to pass laws?

Possible Answers:

Representative Democracy

Indirect Democracy

Direct Democracy

Republican Democracy

Correct answer:

Direct Democracy

Explanation:

Direct democracy is the answer because the Athenians, under the rule of Pericles, allowed every Athenian male citizen over the age of 18 to have one vote, whenever a political decision needed to be made. In a direct democracy, every citizen who is eligible to vote is able to vote directly on any law. The other choices involved scenarios in which the citizens collectively vote on a representative who can vote on the law, but the individual citizen cannot vote directly on a law.  

Example Question #1 : Iron Age Empires

Which of these is NOT a step in the cycle of the Mandate of Heaven?

Possible Answers:

A new dynasty emerges with the Mandate of Heaven

The dynasty wins back the Mandate of Heaven

The Gods send natural disasters and war to punish the dynasty

A dynasty loses the Mandate of Heaven

Correct answer:

The dynasty wins back the Mandate of Heaven

Explanation:

All of the other choices are part of the cycle of the Mandate of Heaven. Once a dynasty loses the Mandate of Heaven they cannot regain it. Instead, a new dynasty arises which overthrows the corrupt dynasty which the gods had forsaken.

Example Question #2 : World History

What is a significant difference between the legacies of the Roman Empire and the Han Empire in China?

Possible Answers:

While Latin-based languages are still widely spoken around Europe, Han Chinese is considered to be a dead language with no resemblance to modern Chinese.

While Rome declined mostly due barbaric invasions, the Han collapse was because of large epidemics that took centuries for China's population to recover.

Whereas the imperial system in China continued until the 20th century, the Roman empire devolved into a feudal system in Western Europe.

While the Han dynasty still remained intact in Eastern China for many centuries, the Roman Empire fell all at once.

Correct answer:

Whereas the imperial system in China continued until the 20th century, the Roman empire devolved into a feudal system in Western Europe.

Explanation:

Due to Rome's over-expansion, increasing power of the Catholic Church, and the emergence of the feudal system, Western Europe 500 years after Rome's collapse was very different. While there were major changes in the 500 years following the Han dynasty in China, much of the institutions and government systems established by the Han remained largely intact.

Example Question #1 : World History

What caused the Late Bronze Age collapse, leading to the Iron Age?

Possible Answers:

The cultural collapse of major kingdoms

Religious upheaval in major kingdoms

Decimation of populations from plague

Widespread famine

Correct answer:

The cultural collapse of major kingdoms

Explanation:

The cultural collapse of the Mycenaean Kingdoms, Hittite Empire, and the Egyptian New Kingdom led to political instability and large-scale war. Most of the major cities in the Near East were destroyed, never to be re-settled. This allowed a new generation of civilizations to rise to power and create the Iron Age.

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