SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Analogies

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #33 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Below is to grave as above is to __________.

Possible Answers:

crucible

mausoleum

adage

innuendo

platitude

Correct answer:

mausoleum

Explanation:

A "grave" is a place to bury the dead "below" ground, so the correct answer to this analogy is a "mausoleum" because this is a place to bury the dead "above" ground. Additionally, a "platitude" is a fawning and unoriginal comment; a "crucible" is a trial; an "adage" is an old saying meant to impart some lesson; "innuendo" is a suggestive and rude remark.

Example Question #34 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Complete this analogy.

__________ is to cat as cunning is to fox.

Possible Answers:

Determination

Loyalty

Veneration

Curiosity

Honesty

Correct answer:

Curiosity

Explanation:

Being "cunning" is a characteristic commonly attributed to "foxes" in contemporary society. Which of these is a characteristic commonly attributed to "cats?" The correct answer is "curiosity." Additionally, "veneration" means deep respect for, worship.

Example Question #713 : Ssat Upper Level Verbal

Complete this analogy.

Knight is to chivalrous as pauper is to __________.

Possible Answers:

celibate

demonstrative

indigent

raucous

factious

Correct answer:

indigent

Explanation:

The quality of being "chivalrous" (honorable, courteous, gallant) is generally associated with a "knight." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these adjectives is a quality generally associated with being a "pauper." A "pauper" is a beggar, a homeless person, a penniless person. So, a quality of a pauper is to be very poor, to be penniless, to be "indigent." Additionally, "factious" means leading to conflict, causing disagreement; "celibate" means abstinent, not engaging in sexual acts; "raucous" means loud and chaotic, out of control; "demonstrative" means expressive, open about one's feelings, showy.

Example Question #714 : Ssat Upper Level Verbal

Complete this analogy.

Cry is to wail as _______________.

Possible Answers:

sleep is to awaken

plead is to ask

shout is to bellow

whisper is to conceal

exclaim is to suggest

Correct answer:

shout is to bellow

Explanation:

This is what can be called a degree analogy. When two words have very close meanings but one is a more intense level than the other, it is a good idea to establish which is a higher and which is a lesser degree.  A "cry" is a lesser degree than a "wail."

"Shout is to bellow" is the correct answer. A "shout" is a lesser degree than a "bellow." A "shout" is a loud call or cry,  but a "bellow" is a deep, loud roar.  

To "exclaim" is to cry out  with emotion. It isn’t a lesser degree of "suggest." "Plead" is a higher degree of "ask," so it is “backwards” from the stem or original analogy. A "whisper" is not a lesser degree of "conceal;" you might whisper if you are trying to conceal something, but it isn’t the same connection as that of  the original analogy. 

Example Question #35 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Elusive is to catch as ________________.

Possible Answers:

joyous is to mischief 

treacherous is to destroy

exhausted is to sleep

late is to shorten

awkward is to carry

Correct answer:

awkward is to carry

Explanation:

"Elusive" is the adjective form of "elude," which means to avoid or escape capture. (“Even though the police set up roadblocks to stop the criminals, they eluded capture.”) So if something is elusive, it’s difficult to catch.

Now using that bridge sentence in the answer choices, if something is late is it difficult to shorten? No.

If something is "treacherous," is it difficult to destroy? Well, maybe, but not by definition. "Treacherous" means marked by hidden dangers. ("The river looks calm, but has treacherous currents that can sweep away even a strong swimmer.”)  

If something is awkward, is it hard to carry? Yes. "Awkward" has a couple of meanings. Perhaps the one used the most is socially uncomfortable like an awkward moment when you see your teacher at the mall after you said you were sick and couldn’t stay after school. But "awkward" also means difficult to handle or manage (like an awkward package). So "awkward is to carry" is the correct answer.

Example Question #671 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Inevitable is to occur as ______________.

Possible Answers:

rancid is to poison 

special is to please

fatal is to kill

vengeful is to rescue

enticing is to eat

Correct answer:

fatal is to kill

Explanation:

If something is "inevitable," it is impossible to stop it from happening. So if something is "inevitable," it will definitely occur.

If something is "fatal" it will kill. ("The doctors tried to save his life, but his wounds proved to be fatal.") 

If something is "rancid," it means it’s rotten or spoiled. ("While we were away on vacation, the power was out for three days and all the food in the refrigerator turned rancid.") So if something is "rancid" and you eat it, it might poison you, but the defining characteristic of rancid is rottenness, not ability to poison.

If something is "enticing," it is tempting. So an enticing aroma of apple pie coming from the oven might make you want to eat. But it isn’t the same connection as the connection between inevitable and occur.

"Vengeful" means wishing to inflict harm as a payback for perceived wrongdoing. So if someone is "vengeful," that doesn't mean he or she will definitely rescue.

If something is special, that doesn't mean it will definitely please; it could refer to something negative, like a special assignment your teacher gave you for being late to class.

Example Question #42 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Libertine is to dissolute as nonconformist is to __________.

Possible Answers:

pompous 

garrulous 

winsome 

rebellious

leery 

Correct answer:

rebellious

Explanation:

A "libertine" is someone who behaves as if they have no moral principles or someone who is dissolute. "Dissolute" means depraved or lacking moral principles. A "libertine" is by definition "dissolute," so you need to figure out which of the answer choices describes a "nonconformist." You can use the prefix "non-" to figure out what "nonconformist" means: "non-" means not, so a "non-conformist" is a person who does not conform to standard, traditional rules and modes of behavior. Which of the answer choices describes such a person? "Rebellious" is the best answer.

Additionally, "garrulous" means talkative; "pompous" means self-obsessed, pretentious, and arrogant; "leery" means cautious and wary, and to be "leery of" someone or something is to be guarded against or suspicious of that person or thing; and "winsome" means attractive and charming.

Example Question #43 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Amoeba is to small as crone is to __________.

Possible Answers:

ancient

amiable 

fraudulent 

serene 

beautiful

Correct answer:

ancient

Explanation:

An "amoeba" is a single-celled organism, or in other words, a microscopic living creature. One quality of an "amoeba" is that it is very "small." So, to solve this analogy, you simply need to determine which of these is a quality associated with a "crone." A "crone" is an insulting term used to describe an old woman who is very unattractive, even ghastly in appearance. So, the correct answer is "ancient." Additionally, "fraudulent" means not genuine, inauthentic, or deliberately faked; "amiable" means friendly, sociable, and agreeable; and "serene" means calm, quiet, and peaceful.

Example Question #41 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Complete the analogy.

Grenade is to __________ as microorganism is to microscopic.

Possible Answers:

incendiary

aloof 

blasphemous 

surreptitious 

enigmatic 

Correct answer:

incendiary

Explanation:

A "microorganism" is a very small organism, like a bacterium. Thus, microorganisms are by definition "microscopic"—they cannot be seen with the naked eye and one must use an instrument like a microscope to view them. So, a quality of a "microorganism" is to be "microscopic." Which of the answer choices is a quality of a "grenade"? The correct answer is "incendiary," which means designed to ignite, explode, and cause fire(s). Additionally, "blasphemous" means disrespectful of religion; "surreptitious" means deliberately kept secret so as avoid to offense or being shown to be illegal; "enigmatic" means mysterious and puzzling; and "aloof" means distant and detached from other people.

Example Question #41 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Complete the analogy.

Candle is to __________ as orb is to spherical.

Possible Answers:

incandescent

wax

flame 

wick

burn

Correct answer:

incandescent

Explanation:

An "orb" is a globe, a sphere, or a spherical object. So, a quality of an "orb" is to be "spherical." To solve this analogy, you need to determine which of the listed answer choices is a quality of a "candle." The correct answer is that "candles" are "incandescent," which means giving off light as a result of heat.

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