# SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Analogies

## Example Questions

### Example Question #681 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Squalid is to hovel as __________ is to mansion.

contrite

factious

obfuscating

precarious

ostentatious

ostentatious

Explanation:

A "hovel" is a shack, a small and dirty house. A quality generally associated with a "hovel" is to be "squalid," which means (of a building) extremely unclean and in poor condition, neglected. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is a quality generally associated with a "mansion" (large, expensive house). The correct answer is "ostentatious," which means designed to be impressive and attractive, luxurious and fancy. Additionally, "precarious" means dangerous, uncertain; "contrite" means remorseful, feeling sorry for a wrong done; "factious" means tending to cause disagreement; "obfuscating" means confusing, to make unclear or unfamiliar.

### Example Question #682 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Plateau is to flat as basin is to ____________________.

lukewarm

serene

lofty

dry

concave

concave

Explanation:

A "plateau" is a lengthy area of flat, elevated land. A quality of a "plateau" is to be "flat." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is a quality of a "basin." Well, a "basin" is like a valley, something bowl-shaped that contains water. So, a quality of a "basin" is to be "concave" which means curving inwards, sunken. Additionally, "lofty" means high; "serene" means calm and peaceful; "lukewarm" means tepid, neither hot or cold

### Example Question #683 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Rainbow is to iridescent as __________ is to obsequious.

master

doctor

hero

villain

butler

butler

Explanation:

"Iridescent" means having many different colors, which seem different from different angles. It is a quality associated with "rainbows" that they are "iridescent." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is generally associated with being "obsequious." Well, "obsequious" means servile, obedient and overly fixated on serving someone else. This is a quality that might be associated with a "butler."

### Example Question #684 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Corpse is to _____________ as pauper is to impecunious.

pallid

lively

ghost

juvenile

cemetery

pallid

Explanation:

A "pauper" is a poor person who begs for money in order to survive. A quality of a "pauper" is to be "impecunious" (penniless). So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is a quality of a "corpse" (dead body). The correct answer is "pallid," which means pale, lacking color. Additionally, "juvenile" means immature, youthful; "lively" means spirited, full of life

### Example Question #685 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Gourmand is to eating as _______________ is to drinking.

luminary

inebriate

sorcerer

pedagogue

inebriate

Explanation:

A "gourmand" is someone who enjoys "eating" and routinely eats too much, a glutton. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is a word for someone who enjoys "drinking" and routinely drinks too much, a drunkard. The correct answer is an "inebriate." Additionally, a "sorcerer" is a magician; a "pedagogue" is a teacher; a "luminary" is a famous and notable person within a certain field; an "adulterer" is someone who cheats on their spouse, someone who has affairs

### Example Question #686 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Vision is to blurry as hearing is to ________________.

crass

muffled

obsolete

loudspeaker

muffled

Explanation:

When dealing with vision, something that is blurry cannot be seen clearly. Similarly, when dealing with hearing, something that is muffled can not be heard clearly. Both examples demonstrate a relationship of perception and quality, therefore making muffled the correct answer.

### Example Question #687 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Malefactor is to ________________ as telegraph is to outmoded.

docile

imbecilic

opulent

nefarious

recondite

nefarious

Explanation:

A quality generally associated with the "telegraph" is that it is antiquated, out-of-date, or "outmoded." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is a quality generally associated with a "malefactor." Well, a "malefactor" is is a criminal, someone who does wicked or bad things. So, the correct answer is "nefarious," which means wicked, evil, sinful. Additionally, "opulent" means luxurious; "docile" means tame, domesticated, subservient and under control; "imbecilic" means idiotic, foolish; "recondite" means (of knowledge) known only by a privileged few, arcane, esoteric

### Example Question #688 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Nonagenarian is to elderly as braggart is to ________________.

precarious

overweening

deferential

sinewy

acclaimed

overweening

Explanation:

A "nonagenarian" is an old person in their nineties. A quality of a "nonagenarian" then is to be "elderly." Which of these is a quality of a "braggart?" Well, a "braggart" is an arrogant person who brags about themselves a lot. So, a quality of a "braggart" is to be "overweening" (excessively confident, cocky and arrogant). Additionally, "sinewy" means brawny, muscular; "precarious" means dangerous and uncertain; "acclaimed" means widely praised; "deferential" means respectful, being comfortable allowing others to speak or take the lead.

### Example Question #689 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Friar is to religious as maverick is to _______________.

cagey

blithe

wizened

unorthodox

ignorant

unorthodox

Explanation:

A "friar" is a member of certain religious orders in Christianity, something like a monk. A quality of a "friar" then is to be "religious." Which of these is a quality of a "maverick?" Well, a "maverick" is someone who does not play by society's rules, someone who is "unorthodox." To help you, "unorthodox" means not ordinary, against the usual way of doing things. Additionally, "cagey" means careful and shrewd; "wizened" means showing the wrinkled appearance of old-age; "blithe" means casual, indifferent, showing too little concern for something important; "ignorant" means not educated about, stupid

### Example Question #690 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Laceration is to painful as pedant is to _______________.

nominal

restless

limpid

posthumous

fastidious