SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Analogies

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #3 : Other Analogies

Surgeon is scalpel as __________.

Possible Answers:

tutu is to ballerina

barber is to razor

baseball bat is to baseball player

handcuffs are police officer

samurai is to sword

Correct answer:

barber is to razor

Explanation:

The relationship here is one of utility. Surgeons use scalpels. There are a few answer choices that fit this relationship. Baseball bat is to baseball player could work, because baseball players use baseball bats, but they don't really use baseball bats in the same way that surgeons use scalpels. Surgeons use scalpels for cutting. That leaves us with "Samurai is to sword" and "Barber is to razor." The best choice is "Barber is to razor," because barbers use razors to help people. Samurais use them to hurt people, even if they are doing it to protect others.

Example Question #2 : Other Analogies

Horse is to zebra as __________.

Possible Answers:

monkey is to ape

whale is to dolphin

dog is to Dalmatian

wolf is to hyena

cat is to tiger

Correct answer:

cat is to tiger

Explanation:

A zebra is a horse-like animal with a striped coat; a tiger is a cat-like animal with a striped coat.

Example Question #3 : Other Analogies

Recommendation is to law as __________.

Possible Answers:

prescription is to enforcement

advice is to legal

counselor is to judge

rights are to Constitution

suggest is to order

Correct answer:

suggest is to order

Explanation:

A recommendation is something someone would suggest that you do (but do not require), while a law is something you are ordered to do.

Example Question #3 : Other Analogies

Harp is to trumpet as __________.

Possible Answers:

guitar is to flute

heaven is to hell

string is to brass

halo is to cornet

arpeggio is to taps

Correct answer:

string is to brass

Explanation:

The harp is a string instrument, and the trumpet is a brass instrument. "Guitar is to flute" is a tempting choice, but the flute is a woodwind.

Example Question #81 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Crate is to square as __________.

Possible Answers:

box is to cube

three is to two

globe is to sphere

triangle is to pyramid

orange is to circle

Correct answer:

orange is to circle

Explanation:

A crate is a rectangular solid: a three-dimensional object that may be made out squares, a two-dimensional shape. Of the available choices, only the orange is a three-dimensional object, roughly spherical, matched with the corresponding 2D shape (a circle). "Triangle is to pyramid" gets the relationship backwards, moving from a two-dimensional to a three-dimensional object.

Example Question #91 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

A yield traffic sign is to three as __________.

Possible Answers:

stop is to eight

green is to go

traffic is to jam

caution is to five

yellow is to red

Correct answer:

stop is to eight

Explanation:

A yield traffic sign has three sides: it's a triangle. A stop traffic sign has eight sides: it's an octagon.

Example Question #92 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Design is to clothes as __________.

Possible Answers:

fashion is to dress

style is to hair

runway is to hangar

create is to graphics

type is to font

Correct answer:

style is to hair

Explanation:

Designing is the what you call creating fashionable or attractive clothing, while styling is what you call creating fashionable or attractive haircuts.

Example Question #93 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Mispronunciation is to pronunciation as misnomer is to __________.

Possible Answers:

name

meal

volume

spelling

arrangement

Correct answer:

name

Explanation:

A mispronunciation is an incorrect pronunciation, so we need to pick out an answer choice that describes what is incorrect in the case of a misnomer. While “name” and “spelling” might each look like a potentially correct answer, “misnomer” is a noun that means either “a wrong name” or “an inaccurate use of a name or term,” so “name” is the correct answer.

Example Question #94 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Bourgeois is to middle class as proletarian is to __________.  

Possible Answers:

Media 

Royalty 

Upper class 

Nobility 

Working class 

Correct answer:

Working class 

Explanation:

"Bourgeois" means of or relating to the middle class or capitalist values so to solve this analogy you have to determine which group of people is described by the word “proletarian.” Proletarian means of or relating to the working class.

Example Question #95 : Qualities, Features, Abilities, And Other Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Malaise is to discomfort as lethargy is to __________.

Possible Answers:

Clandestine

Transient 

Happiness

Mirth 

Exhaustion 

Correct answer:

Exhaustion 

Explanation:

Malaise is a feeling of discomfort, so to solve this analogy you have to determine what lethargy is a feeling of. Lethargy is a feeling of exhaustion. For clarification, transient means fleeting or passing; clandestine means secret; mirth is a synonym for happiness.

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