SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Material Composition

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Measurement, Storage, Location, And Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Lightning is to electricity as tornado is to __________.

Possible Answers:

fire

wind

dust

snow

water

Correct answer:

wind

Explanation:

Since lightning is a natural form of electricity that can be dangerous, we need to pick out of what a tornado is a natural, dangerous form. Since a "tornado" is a dangerous wind vortex, "wind" is the correct answer.

Example Question #1 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Origami is to paper as tapestry is to __________.

Possible Answers:

metal

cloth

dance

electricity

clay

Correct answer:

cloth

Explanation:

“Origami” is defined as the Japanese art of paper folding, so a piece of origami would be made out of paper. That means that we need to pick out an answer choice that describes the material out of which a tapestry is made. While “cloth,” “clay,” and “metal” might each look like a potentially correct answer, “tapestry” is defined as a thick piece of cloth with intricate illustrations woven into its design. Because a tapestry is made of cloth just as a piece of origami is made of paper, “tapestry” is the correct answer.

Example Question #2 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Bookshelf is to wood as window is to __________.

Possible Answers:

pane

glass

sunlight

sill

curtain

Correct answer:

glass

Explanation:

A bookshelf might be made of wood, so to solve this analogy, you need to pick out an answer choice that is a material that a window might be made of. The only answer choice that makes sense in this capacity is "glass," since windows are made of glass.

Example Question #3 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Thicket is to bushes as __________ is to trees.

Possible Answers:

aqueduct

plateau

harbor

grove

stream

Correct answer:

grove

Explanation:

A "thicket" is a collection of bushes growing together. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these words means a collection of trees growing together. The correct answer is a "grove." Additionally, a "plateau" is a flat area of elevated land; an "aqueduct" is a pipe that transfers water; a "stream" is a small river.

Example Question #4 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Cashmere is to clothing as __________ is to building.

Possible Answers:

loom

edifice

weave

architecture

marble

Correct answer:

marble

Explanation:

"Cashmere" is a material used in "clothing." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is a material used for "building." The correct answer is "marble." Additionally, "architecture" refers to the art of designing buildings; a "loom" is a machine used to "weave" fabric; an "edifice" is another name for a building.

Example Question #5 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Arsenal is to weapon as foliage is to __________.

Possible Answers:

child

sand

leaf

brick

pet

Correct answer:

leaf

Explanation:

A collection of "weapons" is known as an "arsenal." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is something that when taken collectively is called "foliage." The correct answer is "leaf." "Foliage" is a collection of plant leaves.

Example Question #6 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Caffeine is to coffee as __________ is to cigarettes.

Possible Answers:

iodine

nicotine

smoking

drinking

carcinogenic

Correct answer:

nicotine

Explanation:

"Caffeine" is found in abundance in "coffee," it is what causes "coffee" to give you energy. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is found in "cigarettes." The correct answer is "nicotine." "Nicotine" is what makes "cigarettes" highly addictive. Additionally, "carcinogenic" means cancer causing. There are many "carcinogens" in "cigarettes" and some too in "coffee."

Example Question #8 : Measurement, Storage, Location, And Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Glacier is to ice as orchestra is to __________.

Possible Answers:

musicians

practice

brick

athletes

water

Correct answer:

musicians

Explanation:

A "glacier" is a slow moving large object comprised of "ice." To solve this analogy you therefore need to determine what it is that "comprises" (makes up, constitutes) an "orchestra." An "orchestra" is an arrangement of classical "musicians" who play songs together. So, the correct answer is "musicians."

Example Question #7 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Lagoon is to water as __________ is to grass.

Possible Answers:

plant

cow

seed

knoll

green

Correct answer:

knoll

Explanation:

A "lagoon" is a pool of "water." A "lagoon" is made of "water," so to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is made of "grass." The correct answer is "knoll." A "knoll" is a small, grassy hill.

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