# SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Material Composition

## Example Questions

### Example Question #1 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Lightning is to electricity as tornado is to __________.

fire

water

snow

dust

wind

wind

Explanation:

Since lightning is a natural form of electricity that can be dangerous, we need to pick out of what a tornado is a natural, dangerous form. Since a "tornado" is a dangerous wind vortex, "wind" is the correct answer.

### Example Question #2 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Origami is to paper as tapestry is to __________.

cloth

dance

metal

clay

electricity

cloth

Explanation:

“Origami” is defined as the Japanese art of paper folding, so a piece of origami would be made out of paper. That means that we need to pick out an answer choice that describes the material out of which a tapestry is made. While “cloth,” “clay,” and “metal” might each look like a potentially correct answer, “tapestry” is defined as a thick piece of cloth with intricate illustrations woven into its design. Because a tapestry is made of cloth just as a piece of origami is made of paper, “tapestry” is the correct answer.

### Example Question #3 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Bookshelf is to wood as window is to __________.

curtain

glass

sill

pane

sunlight

glass

Explanation:

A bookshelf might be made of wood, so to solve this analogy, you need to pick out an answer choice that is a material that a window might be made of. The only answer choice that makes sense in this capacity is "glass," since windows are made of glass.

### Example Question #4 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Thicket is to bushes as __________ is to trees.

harbor

stream

grove

aqueduct

plateau

grove

Explanation:

A "thicket" is a collection of bushes growing together. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these words means a collection of trees growing together. The correct answer is a "grove." Additionally, a "plateau" is a flat area of elevated land; an "aqueduct" is a pipe that transfers water; a "stream" is a small river.

### Example Question #5 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Cashmere is to clothing as __________ is to building.

edifice

marble

architecture

loom

weave

marble

Explanation:

"Cashmere" is a material used in "clothing." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is a material used for "building." The correct answer is "marble." Additionally, "architecture" refers to the art of designing buildings; a "loom" is a machine used to "weave" fabric; an "edifice" is another name for a building.

### Example Question #6 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Arsenal is to weapon as foliage is to __________.

child

sand

leaf

pet

brick

leaf

Explanation:

A collection of "weapons" is known as an "arsenal." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is something that when taken collectively is called "foliage." The correct answer is "leaf." "Foliage" is a collection of plant leaves.

### Example Question #7 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Caffeine is to coffee as __________ is to cigarettes.

carcinogenic

iodine

drinking

smoking

nicotine

nicotine

Explanation:

"Caffeine" is found in abundance in "coffee," it is what causes "coffee" to give you energy. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is found in "cigarettes." The correct answer is "nicotine." "Nicotine" is what makes "cigarettes" highly addictive. Additionally, "carcinogenic" means cancer causing. There are many "carcinogens" in "cigarettes" and some too in "coffee."

### Example Question #8 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Glacier is to ice as orchestra is to __________.

athletes

brick

practice

water

musicians

musicians

Explanation:

A "glacier" is a slow moving large object comprised of "ice." To solve this analogy you therefore need to determine what it is that "comprises" (makes up, constitutes) an "orchestra." An "orchestra" is an arrangement of classical "musicians" who play songs together. So, the correct answer is "musicians."

### Example Question #9 : Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Lagoon is to water as __________ is to grass.

seed

green

knoll

plant

cow