SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms, Antonyms, and Changes in Intensity

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #61 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Infallible is to foolproof as daft is to ___________.

Possible Answers:

Sagacious 

Quirky 

Knowledgeable

Capricious 

Foolhardy 

Correct answer:

Foolhardy 

Explanation:

"Infallible" is a synonym of "foolproof," so to solve this analogy, you have to ascertain which of these answer choices is the best synonym of "daft." "Daft" means foolish or foolhardy, so "foolhardy" is the correct answer. For clarification, "quirky" means silly and unusual, "capricious" means unpredictable, "sagacious" means wise, and "knowledgeable" means smart or knowing a lot about a particular subject.

Example Question #62 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Maul is to injure as defend is to __________.

Possible Answers:

Protect 

Supplicate 

Request 

Attack 

Sparkle

Correct answer:

Protect 

Explanation:

"Maul" and "injure" are synonyms of one another, because if you "maul" someone you attack and injure them. So, to solve this analogy, you have to determine the best available synonym of "defend." "Defend" means protect from harm, so the correct answer is “protect.” For clarification, "supplicate" means beg or humbly request, "attack" means assault, "request" means ask, and "sparkle" means glitter or shimmer.

Example Question #63 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Dogged is to determined as harsh is to __________.

Possible Answers:

Forlorn 

Severe 

Embellish 

Supplant 

Laudatory 

Correct answer:

Severe 

Explanation:

"Dogged" is a synonym of "determined," so to solve this analogy, you have to determine the best available synonym of "harsh." "Harsh" means critical or severe, so the correct answer is “severe.” For clarification, "laudatory" means worthy of praise, "forlorn" means feeling sad and hopeless, "supplant" means replace, and "embellish" means to add detail, often in the context of one adding false details to a story.

Example Question #61 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

 

Itinerant is to nomadic as covert is to __________.

Possible Answers:

Obvious 

Unique 

Clandestine 

Detrimental 

Effective 

Correct answer:

Clandestine 

Explanation:

"Itinerant" and "nomadic" are synonyms of one another; they both mean wandering and describe someone without a permanent residence. So, that means that we need to pick out an answer choice that is a synonym of "covert." "Covert" means hidden or secret, so the best answer choice is "clandestine," an adjective that means secret or surreptitious. None of the other answer choices are close in meaning to "covert": "obvious" is an antonym of "covert"; it means readily apparent or overt. "Unique" means one-of-a-kind or unusual, "detrimental" means harmful in some way, and "effective" means successful or potent.

Example Question #65 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Hamper is to impede as clamor is to __________.

Possible Answers:

Contain 

Shout 

Whisper 

Dance 

Walk 

Correct answer:

Shout 

Explanation:

"Hamper" and "impede" are synonyms that both mean to get in the way of or to slow down. To solve this analogy, you have to determine the best synonym of "clamor." When used as a verb, "clamor" means yell noisily, so the correct answer is "shout," a word that when used as a verb, means yell or cry. "Whisper" is an antonym of "clamor," as "whisper" means say something very quietly. None of the other answer choices have meanings that are related to "clamor": "contain" means hold or subdue, "walk" means to take steps with one's feet in order to transport oneself to a different location, and "dance" means to move one's body in time with music.

Example Question #66 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Accountable is to responsible as slanderous is to __________.

Possible Answers:

simultaneous

sequential

defamatory 

didactic 

reprehensible

Correct answer:

defamatory 

Explanation:

"Accountable" is a synonym of "responsible"; both words mean liable or able to be relied upon. So, to solve this analogy, you have to determine the best available synonym of "slanderous." "Slanderous" means saying something false and malicious that damages someone’s reputation. So, "slanderous" is most similar in meaning to "defamatory," a word which means harming someone's reputation. For clarification, "reprehensible" means deserving of scorn or hatred, "didactic" means educational, "simultaneous" describes something that occurs at the same time as something else, and "sequential" means in order, chronological, or in sequence.

Example Question #67 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Ominous is to foreboding as garrulous is to __________.

Possible Answers:

uncomfortable 

frenetic 

plausible 

gastronomy

talkative 

Correct answer:

talkative 

Explanation:

"Ominous" is a synonym of "foreboding"; both words mean feeling or indicating as if something bad is going to happen or threatening. So, to solve this analogy, you have to identify the best synonym of "garrulous." "Garrulous" means talkative or loquacious, so "talkative" is the correct answer. For clarification, "frenetic" describes something fast-paced and chaotic, "plausible" means believable, and "gastronomy" is the art of cooking, as you might be able to infer from the prefix "gastro-," which means stomach.

Example Question #68 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Rival is to adversary as concealed is to __________.

Possible Answers:

obvious 

rectified 

hidden 

broken 

remonstrate

Correct answer:

hidden 

Explanation:

"Rival" is a synonym of "adversary" and they both loosely describe an opponent or an enemy. To solve this analogy, you have to determine the best available synonym of "concealed." "Concealed" means not visible or hidden, so the correct answer is “hidden.” "Obvious" cannot be the correct answer because "obvious" means overt or clearly visible, making it an antonym of "hidden." For clarification, "remonstrate" means protest, and "rectified" means fixed or corrected.

Example Question #64 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Complete this analogy.

Detrimental is to hurtful as corpulent is to __________.

Possible Answers:

comely 

skinny 

thin 

plump 

emaciated 

Correct answer:

plump 

Explanation:

"Detrimental" is a synonym of hurtful, so to solve this analogy you have to identify the best available synonym for corpulent. "Corpulent" means fat, so the correct answer is “plump.” For clarification, "comely" means cute; "skinny" and "thin" are synonyms of one another and antonyms of plump and corpulent; "emaciated" refers to someone who is unhealthily skinny.

Example Question #65 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Complete this analogy.

Sagacious is to wise as daft is to __________.

Possible Answers:

pulchritudinous

fathomable 

forlorn 

pompous 

foolish 

Correct answer:

foolish 

Explanation:

"Sagacious" is a synonym of wise, so to solve this analogy you have to determine the best available synonym for daft. "Daft" means foolish or stupid. For clarification, "pulchritudinous" means very beautiful; "pompous" means arrogant; "fathomable" means understandable; "forlorn" is a feeling of sadness and hopelessness.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors