SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms, Antonyms, and Changes in Intensity

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #81 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Bewildering is to confusing as ponderous is to __________.

Possible Answers:

jubilant

cumbersome 

light 

airy 

absolute

Correct answer:

cumbersome 

Explanation:

"Bewildering" and "confusing" are synonyms, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine the best available synonym of "ponderous." Ponderous means dense and heavy or burdensome, so the correct answer is “cumbersome,” which also means burdensome. For clarification, "airy" is a synonym of the adjective "light," "jubilant" means very happy, and "absolute" means utter or complete.

Example Question #82 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Bizarre is to abnormal as dismal is to __________.

Possible Answers:

caustic 

gloomy 

portly

absurd 

wanton 

Correct answer:

gloomy 

Explanation:

"Bizarre" and "abnormal" are two synonyms that both mean weird or not normal. To solve this analogy, you have to determine the best synonym of "dismal." "Dismal" means sad, pathetic and gloomy, so "gloomy" is the correct answer. For clarification, "absurd" means ridiculous, "wanton" means random, "portly" means stout or fat, and "caustic" means scathing or critical.

Example Question #83 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Eliminated is to abolished as affectionate is to __________.

Possible Answers:

cold 

jealous 

generous 

warm 

potential

Correct answer:

warm 

Explanation:

"Eliminated" and "abolished" are synonyms that both mean repealed or gotten rid of. To solve this analogy, you have to determine the best synonym of "affectionate." "Affectionate" means easily showing affection or kind-hearted, and is closest in meaning to “warm.” When used to describe a person or action, "warm" means kind or loving.

Example Question #84 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Caustic is to abrasive as worldly is to ___________.

Possible Answers:

devout 

hedonistic 

pious 

knowledgeable

religious 

Correct answer:

knowledgeable

Explanation:

"Caustic" and "abrasive" are synonyms that both describe a substance that is able to clean something by rubbing against it, or someone who is scornful or derisive. To solve this analogy, you have to identify the best available synonym of "worldly." "Worldly" means possessing good knowledge of the world or having to do with material things as opposed to spiritual things, and is most similar in meaning to “knowledgeable.” For clarification, "pious," "devout" and "religious" are all synonyms of one another, and "hedonistic" refers to someone who solely pursues pleasure.

Example Question #84 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Commotion is to disorder as lewdness is to __________.

Possible Answers:

obscene 

confounding 

polite 

lofty 

irate 

Correct answer:

obscene 

Explanation:

"Commotion" and "disorder" are two synonyms that both mean chaos or mayhem, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine the best available synonym of "lewdness." "Lewdness" means impoliteness, rudeness,or obscenity, so "obscenity" is the correct answer. For clarification, "confounding" means surprising or confusing, "lofty" means high, noble, or haughty, and "irate" means angry.

Example Question #86 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

 

Compile is to assemble as expunge is to __________.

Possible Answers:

write

delete 

subjugate

replicate 

carry

Correct answer:

delete 

Explanation:

"Compile" and "assemble" are synonyms that both mean bring together or put together. To solve this analogy, you have to determine the best available synonym of "expunge." "Expunge" means delete or remove from records, so "delete" is the correct answer. For clarification, "write" is an antonym of "expunge," "replicate" means to copy or to imitate, "subjugate" means oppress or dominate, and "abnormal" means not normal or weird.

Example Question #87 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Abstemious is to restrained as prodigious is to __________.

Possible Answers:

meticulous 

monotonous

miserable 

sizable 

miserly 

Correct answer:

sizable 

Explanation:

Someone who is "abstemious" practices restraint, so "abstemious" and "restrained" are synonyms. For clarification, "restraint" is the ability to deny oneself something one wants. To solve this analogy, you have to determine the answer choice most similar in meaning to "prodigious." "Prodigious" means sizable or very impressive, so "sizable" is the correct answer. For further clarification, "meticulous" means careful, "miserly" means stingy or not generous, "miserable" means very sad, and "monotonous" means boring or predictable.

Example Question #85 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Passion is to fervor is to as conspirator is to __________.

Possible Answers:

enemy 

accomplice 

opponent 

rival 

adversary 

Correct answer:

accomplice 

Explanation:

"Passion" is a synonym of "fervor," so to solve this analogy, you have to identify the best available synonym of "conspirator." A "conspirator" is a member of a group committed to some illegal action. It is most similar in meaning to “accomplice," which means a person who helps someone commit a crime. For clarification, "rival," "opponent," "enemy," and "adversary" are all synonyms and each mean foe.

Example Question #86 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Outlaw is to criminal as in-law is to __________.

Possible Answers:

relative 

friend 

prisoner 

leader 

guard 

Correct answer:

relative 

Explanation:

"Outlaw" is a synonym of "criminal," so to solve this analogy, you have to determine which of these answer choices is a synonym of "in-law." An "in-law" is a relative related to you via marriage, such as your mother-in-law (your spouse's mother) or your father-in-law (your spouse's father). So, "relative" is the correct answer because it is closest in meaning to "in-law."

Example Question #87 : Synonyms, Antonyms, And Changes In Intensity

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Salubrious is to healthy as narcissistic is to __________.

Possible Answers:

self-assured 

self-deprecating

self-aware

selfless

self-obsessed

Correct answer:

self-obsessed

Explanation:

"Salubrious" and "healthy" are synonyms, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine the best available synonym of "narcissistic." Someone who is "narcissistic" is vain or self-obsessed, so "self-obsessed" is the correct answer.

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