SAT II Biology E : Animal Biology

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II Biology E

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Glands

Which of the following glands is considered both part of the endocrine system and the nervous system?

Possible Answers:

Hypothalamus

Thalamus

Parathyroid gland

Thyroid gland

Pituitary gland

Correct answer:

Hypothalamus

Explanation:

The correct answer is hypothalamus. The hypothalamus is made of nervous tissue and is a part of all vertebrate brains, placing it as part of the nervous system. It also secretes a number of hormones that directly affect the pituitary gland, affecting a large number of bodily functions. In this way, the hypothalamus connects the nervous and endocrine systems and is part of both of them.

Example Question #1 : Stomach Cells And Enzymes

Lipase and trypsin are secreted by what digestive organ?

Possible Answers:

Stomach

Salivary glands

Large intestine

Small intestine

Pancreas

Correct answer:

Pancreas

Explanation:

Lipase and trypsin are enzymes secreted by the pancreas into the duodenum of the small intestine. These enzymes aid in the digestion of food. Salivary glands produce amylase in order to begin digestion in the mouth and the stomach aids in digestion primarily via stomach acid

Example Question #1 : Nervous System And Action Potentials

Which of the following neurotransmitters is the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in the human central nervous system?

Possible Answers:

Glutamate

Serotonin

Dopamine

Acetylcholine

GABA

Correct answer:

GABA

Explanation:

The correct answer is GABA. GABA is the primary inhibitor used to lower the activity of cells in the human central nervous system. Glutamate, serotonin, and dopamine usually increase the activity of cells, and acetylcholine can increase or decrease cell activity depending on what cell receptor is interacting with the acetylcholine.

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