HSPT Verbal : Tool/Use, User/Tool, Actor/Action, Product/Producer, Subject/Object

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for HSPT Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Tool And Use

Barometer is to pressure as chronometer is to __________.

Possible Answers:

watch

time

color

clock

tool

Correct answer:

time

Explanation:

A barometer is an instrument for measuring air pressure. When you hear of “barometric pressure,” this is referring to the pressure of the air and often indicates certain aspects of the weather. Now, if you did not know this, you might have been able to guess that we are dealing with something that measures in both cases of our words because they both contain the ending “-meter.” A “chronometer” is something that measures time. The “chronology” of events is the order in which they unfold in time, and “chronic” illness is one that lasts for a long period of time. While a watch and a clock might be chronometers, the analogy wants function, not examples.

Example Question #1 : Tool And Use

"Cupboard" is to "caching" as "ladder" is to __________.

Possible Answers:

climbing

working

outdoor

roofing

repairing

Correct answer:

climbing

Explanation:

The general relationship of this analogy is rather simple, but you need to know the meaning of the word “caching.” A “cache” of something is a hidden set of those items, often stored up for the future. The verb “to cache” merely means “to hide or store for the future.” A cupboard can at least be said to be used for this purpose, even if it has other purposes. For this reason, the analogous word for ladder must describe such functioning. The word “climbing” is best. Think of it this way: “Just as a cupboard can be used for caching, so too can a ladder be used for climbing.”

Example Question #21 : Tool/Use, User/Tool, Actor/Action, Product/Producer, Subject/Object

Film is to photography as clay is to __________.

Possible Answers:

sculpture

tennis

painting

ground

minerals

Correct answer:

sculpture

Explanation:

"Film" is the medium by which "photography" is expressd, just as "sculpture" is often expressed with "clay."

Example Question #331 : Analogies

Painter is to brush as musician is to __________.

Possible Answers:

instrument

recital

performance

concert

symphony

Correct answer:

instrument

Explanation:

A brush is a tool used by a painter, so this analogy calls for the tool used by a musician. Among the options given, the only one that fits that need is “instrument.”

Example Question #1 : User And Tool

Choose the best answer that completes the comparison.

General is to army as admiral is to __________.

Possible Answers:

commanding

sail

military

navy

captain

Correct answer:

navy

Explanation:

A "general" is the top leader of an "army," while an "admiral" is the leader of a "navy."

Example Question #2 : User And Tool

Choose the word that best completes the comparison.

Curator is to museum as director is to __________.

Possible Answers:

camera

Hollywood

award

film

art

Correct answer:

film

Explanation:

A "curator" is responsible for directing a "museum," just as a "director" is responsible for directing a "film."

Example Question #22 : Tool/Use, User/Tool, Actor/Action, Product/Producer, Subject/Object

Teacher is to students as demagogue is to __________.

Possible Answers:

crowd

oration

illogical

manipulation

rhetorical

Correct answer:

crowd

Explanation:

Students are the group to whom a teacher directs his or her acts of teaching. A demagogue is a person who appeals to popular sentiment, often through oratory, to influence political decisions. The “dem-” in the word is related to the same form found in “democracy,” meaning “the people.” The sense of the word “demagogue” is that such a person uses oratory “on the crowd or throng of people” to whip them into a fury over something. Thus, a crowd stands in relation to a demagogue as a group of students stands to a teacher.

Example Question #23 : Tool/Use, User/Tool, Actor/Action, Product/Producer, Subject/Object

Poll is to opinion as net is to __________.

Possible Answers:

seine

sailor

hunter

fish

meshwork

Correct answer:

fish

Explanation:

Although this analogy might seem a bit light-hearted, it does hold if you write a bridge sentence. Polls are used to gather opinions from a group of people. Among the uses that a net can have, it can gather things like fish. All of the other options are either synonyms for net or types of people who would use a net. Neither of these fit any sense that can be established between “poll” and “opinion;” therefore, as strange as it might seem, “fish” is the best option.

Example Question #24 : Tool/Use, User/Tool, Actor/Action, Product/Producer, Subject/Object

Mentor is to tyro as master is to __________.

Possible Answers:

apprentice

liege

rule

untrained

maestro

Correct answer:

apprentice

Explanation:

A tyro is someone who is inexperienced or a novice in some subject.  Such a person would need to be mentored in order to gain adequate proficiency. Thus, the analogy could be written, “As a tyro learns from a mentor, so does X learn from a master.” Among the options provided, only “apprentice” fits this usage. An apprentice is someone who learns a trade from a master tradesman.

Example Question #331 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Inquisitor is to examining as recidivist is to __________.

Possible Answers:

retreating

passing

falling

reoffending

cascading

Correct answer:

reoffending

Explanation:

The word “inquire” means “to ask” or “to investigate.” It is related to other words for “asking” such as “query” and “question.” An “inquisitor” is someone who examines another party for some set of information. Thus, the analogy could be formulated, “As an inquisitor is known for examining, so is a recidivists known for X.” A recidivist is someone who has committed a crime and then commits it again (often frequently). The “-cid-” portion of the word comes from the Latin for “to fall” as in “accident.” A re-cidivist is someone who “falls again” into the same old faults. Such a person is likely known for “reoffending.”

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