HSPT Verbal : Measurement, Storage, Location, and Material Composition

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for HSPT Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Material Composition

Timber is to sawmill as iron is to __________.

Possible Answers:

sword

ferrous

lull

smithy

anvil

Correct answer:

smithy

Explanation:

Timber is the produced by a sawmill, so the analogy requires a place where iron is produced. The only answer that functions in this manner is “smithy,” which is name for the place that a blacksmith works on metals.

Example Question #1 : Material Composition

Choose the best answer that completes the comparison.

Hydrogen is to oxygen as proton is to __________.

Possible Answers:

element

molecule

electron

positive

bacteria

Correct answer:

electron

Explanation:

"Hydrogen" and "oxygen" are both elements, whereas a "proton" and an "electron" are both subatomic particles.

Example Question #483 : Hspt Verbal Skills

Answer the question by choosing the word that best completes the comparison.

Forest is to woods as field is to __________.

Possible Answers:

meadow

nature

baseball

outdoors

dreams

Correct answer:

meadow

Explanation:

"Forest" and "woods" are synonyms, just as "field" and "meadow" mean the same thing.

Example Question #1 : Measurement, Storage, Location, And Material Composition

Complete this analogy.

Water is to ice as magma is to __________.

Possible Answers:

subterranean

circulating

stone

molten

crust

Correct answer:

stone

Explanation:

When water cools, it becomes ice; therefore, this analogy requires that which magma becomes when it cools. Magma is the liquid stone that flows under the earth’s crust. When this cools, it becomes stone again. This is the only option that fits among those provided.

Example Question #1 : Storage And Containers

Answer the question by selecting the word that best completes the comparison.

Aquarium is to fish as terrarium is to __________.

Possible Answers:

swimming

tuna

solar

water

plants

Correct answer:

plants

Explanation:

An "aquarium" is designed to contain "fish," just as a "terrarium" is designed to contain "plants."

Example Question #3 : Measurement, Storage, Location, And Material Composition

Sheathe is to sword as veil is to __________.

Possible Answers:

marriage

face

matrimonial

dress

laced

Correct answer:

face

Explanation:

A sheathe is the covering into which a sword is placed. You have likely seen this in movies that depict knights and warriors. The sheathe is often on the belt of the warrior, and he will place the sword into the sheathe after having used the blade. The analogy could be read, “Just a sheathe is used to cover a sword, so is a veil used to cover a X.” A veil is the covering that is used by women to hide their faces, often for events like weddings. A veil also can be just any type of cloth used to hide something from sight; however, among the options provided, only face stands in relation to veil like sword does to sheathe.

Example Question #1 : Measurement, Storage, Location, And Material Composition

Grain is to silo as wealth is to __________.

Possible Answers:

bank

elegance

avarice

affluence

pecuniary

Correct answer:

bank

Explanation:

Grain is stored in a silo, so this analogy needs a word that describes a place in which wealth is stored. Abstractly speaking, there are many options for this, for people “store” wealth in stocks, gold, paintings, and many other things. Luckily, none of the answers are tempting in this way, for the others are variously related to wealth but not as places for storage. Only the humble word “bank” fits that usage.

Example Question #341 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Trinket is to shelf as tool is to __________.

Possible Answers:

construction

belt

mechanic

fabrication

manufacturer

Correct answer:

belt

Explanation:

A "trinket" is a small item of little value. The word can describe either jewelry of this type or small items that might be set out as a humble ornament (like a small porcelain statue or something of that sort). Such trinkets can be placed on a shelf, and this makes the most sense among the possible sense of this analogy, given the potential answers. We can say that just as a trinket is placed on a shelf, so too can a tool be placed in a belt. (There are tool belts used by people working with tools.)

Example Question #362 : Analogies

Choose the word that best completes the comparison.

Ship is to port as car is to __________.

Possible Answers:

highway

shipyard

transmission

garage

automobile

Correct answer:

garage

Explanation:

A "ship" is docked in a "port," while a "car" is parked in a "garage."

Example Question #351 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Italian is to occident as Chinese is to __________.

Possible Answers:

orient

developing

alien

unknown

foreign

Correct answer:

orient

Explanation:

The words “occident” and “orient” describe the West and the East respectively. The word “occident” comes from the Latin for “setting” in the sense of the sun’s evening “setting.”  Since the sun sets—goes down—in the West, the West became called the “occident”—the land of the setting sun. The east, on the other hand, is the land of the rising sun. The Latin from which “orient” comes means “to rise.” The Christmas song, “We Three Kings” speaks of them as being from the “Orient.” The implication is that the kings came “from the east.” As something Italian is “western” (occidental) so is something Chinese “oriental.” 

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