### All Calculus 2 Resources

## Example Questions

### Example Question #1 : Arithmetic And Geometric Series

How many terms of a geometric series must you know in order to uniquely define that series?

**Possible Answers:**

One

Five

Four

Two

Three

**Correct answer:**

Two

In order to uniquely define the geometric series, we need to know two things: the ratio between successive terms and at least one of the terms. Knowing one term doesn't give you the ratio of successive terms, but knowing two terms will give you the ratio. By the term generator for a geometric series , you can see that you only need two terms to find the ratio .

### Example Question #2 : Arithmetic And Geometric Series

Assume the term generator for an arithmetic sequence is . What is the sum of the first terms of this sequence ?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

The sum formula for terms of an arithmetic series is .

For terms, this formula becomes .

Using our term generator for and , this formula becomes

.

### Example Question #3 : Arithmetic And Geometric Series

What value does the series approach?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

We can evaluate the infinite series by recognizing it as a geometric series times some constant.

Let's manipulate this series:

.

Now it suffices to evaluate , which we can recognize as the power series of with , which is

.

So we have

.

### Example Question #4 : Arithmetic And Geometric Series

Determine whether the series is arithmetic. If so, find the common difference.

**Possible Answers:**

Series is not arithmetic

**Correct answer:**

Series is not arithmetic

If a series is arithmetic, then there exists a common difference between each pair of consecutive terms in the series.

For this series

Because

and

we find that there does NOT exist a common difference and as such,

the series is not arithmetic.

### Example Question #5 : Arithmetic And Geometric Series

Determine whether or not the geometric series converges. If it converges, find the sum of the sequence.

**Possible Answers:**

Series does not converge.

**Correct answer:**

Series does not converge.

To determine the convergency of a geometric series, we must find the absolute value of the common ratio.

A geometric series will converge if the absolute value of the common ratio is less than one, or

In this problem, we see that

And because

we conclude that the series does not converge to a finite sum.

### Example Question #6 : Arithmetic And Geometric Series

Calculate the sum of the following series:

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

This is an arithmetic series.

Its general form is .

To calculate the sum of very large series such as these, use the formula

This works because you are taking the average of the largest and smallest terms, and then multiplying them by n, which is the same as calculating the sum total.

Solution:

### Example Question #7 : Arithmetic And Geometric Series

Calculate the sum of the following series:

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

This is an arithmetic series.

Its general form is

To calculate the sum of very large series such as these, use the formula

This works because you are taking the average of the largest and smallest terms, and then multiplying them by n, which is the same as calculating the sum total.

Solution:

### Example Question #8 : Arithmetic And Geometric Series

Calculate the sum of the following series:

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

This is an arithmetic series.

Its general form is

To calculate the sum of very large series such as these, use the formula

This works because you are taking the average of the largest and smallest terms, and then multiplying them by n, which is the same as calculating the sum total.

Solution:

### Example Question #9 : Arithmetic And Geometric Series

Calculate the sum of the following series:

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

This is an arithmetic series.

Its general form is

To calculate the sum of very large series such as these, use the formula

Solution:

### Example Question #10 : Arithmetic And Geometric Series

Calculate the sum of the following series:

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

This is an arithmetic series.

Its general form is

To calculate the sum of very large series such as these, use the formula

When k is not equal to 1, split the sums up into 2 piece and take the difference.

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