AP Psychology : Classical Conditioning

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Psychology

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Example Questions

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Example Question #61 : Learning

In Pavlov's experiment with classical condition, the salivation of the dogs was considered a(n) ________________.

Possible Answers:

conditioned stimulus

unconditioned response

conditioned response

unconditioned stimulus

None of these

Correct answer:

unconditioned response

Explanation:

In classical conditioning, the unconditioned response (UR) is an unlearned response that occurs naturally to a given stimulus. In the experiment, the dogs salivated as the UR, that is, they salivated naturally to the presence of the stimulus. When presented with food, a feeling of "hunger" would be considered an unconditioned response.

Example Question #61 : Classical Conditioning

During the last 5 minutes of her difficult psychology 101 exams, a teacher always plays a specific song to her nervous students. Ten years later, one of those students hears the song on the radio and immediately feels nervous. In this scenario, what is the unconditioned stimulus (UCS), the unconditioned response (UR), the conditioned stimulus (CS), and the conditioned response (CR)?

Possible Answers:

UCS is the song, UCR is nervousness when hearing the song, CS is the exam, CR is nervousness when taking the exam

UCS is the exam, UCR is nervousness when hearing the song, CS is the song, CR is nervousness when taking the exam

UCS is the exam, UCR is nervousness when taking exam, CS is the song, CR is nervousness when hearing the song

UCS is the song, UCR is nervousness when taking exam, CS is the exam, CR is nervousness when hearing the song

UCS is nervousness when taking exam, UCR is the song, CS it nervousness when hearing the song, CR is the exam 

Correct answer:

UCS is the exam, UCR is nervousness when taking exam, CS is the song, CR is nervousness when hearing the song

Explanation:

The unconditioned stimulus is the test and the unconditioned response is nervousness during the test. The test naturally and automatically elicits nervousness, making the test a stimulus and nervousness a response.

The conditioned stimulus is the song and the conditioned response is nervousness when hearing the song. The pairing of the test and song together had to be learned/conditioned for the song to elicit that reaction.

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