AP Human Geography : Economic Restructuring

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #11 : Economic Restructuring

Which of these statements correctly explains the difference between "open shop" and "closed shop?"

Possible Answers:

In a closed shop, union members are not allowed to apply for jobs in the factory. In an open shop, they are allowed to apply.

In a closed shop, it is required that factory workers join the union. In an open shop, it is not required.

In a closed shop, joining the union is not a condition of employment in factories. In an open shop, it is a condition.

In a closed shop, the "backdoor" is not open. In an open shop, the "backdoor" is open.

In a closed shop, new factory workers are not allowed into the union. In an open shop, new factory workers are allowed into the union.

Correct answer:

In a closed shop, it is required that factory workers join the union. In an open shop, it is not required.

Explanation:

A closed shop place of employment is a place of employment that will only hire members of a labor union. It is "closed" because it is restricted to only union members.

Example Question #11 : Economic Restructuring

Which of these scenarios provides the best example of vertical integration?

Possible Answers:

An electronics company based in Tokyo ships raw materials to independent companies in China to be made into computer parts.

The CEO of a company integrates the ideas of his employers into his business model.

A clothing company buys completed articles of clothing from several manufacturers and then sews on the company label before reselling.

A car manufacturer produces all of its own parts and then sells luxury vehicles in the international market.

A marketing company only hires for their upper-level positions from employees who already work at the company.

Correct answer:

A car manufacturer produces all of its own parts and then sells luxury vehicles in the international market.

Explanation:

Vertical integration happens when one company controls all aspects of its production process. 

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