Test: Ancient History: Greece

The Mycenaean civilization collapsed shortly after the Trojan War. The Mycenaeans fought a war with Troy, as legend has it, because the Trojan Prince Paris kidnapped, Helen, the beautiful wife of the Greek King Menelaus. Menelaus convinced his brother Agamemnon of Mycenae to attack Troy and return Helen to Greece. Whether Helen was kidnapped or willingly went with Paris, is not clear. Historically, the cause of the war also remains unclear. It is known that Agamemnon led a fleet of one thousand ships from the Greek Islands, crossing the Aegean Sea to Asia Minor. Upon arriving in Troy, he demanded the return of Helen from King Priam of Troy. The war is notable for the tale of the Trojan horse that enabled the Mycenaean Greek army to defeat Troy. Historians have questioned the validity of the Trojan War based on what seems to be a legend of love lost and regained. However, excavations by the German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann, in the 1870s, have proven that the war did take place. He found archaeological proof of the existence of the city of Troy. His excavations uncovered a domed citadel in western Turkey matching historical records of the ancient city of Troy. Recent historians and archaeologists also confirm that a war did occur at this time. The Trojan War ended in circa 1200 BCE with the destruction of Troy. Helen returned to Greece to rule with Menelaus until his death when, according to the legend, she was exiled to the island of Rhodes. Also, according to legend, the Greek sailors and soldiers slowly returned to Greece engaging in various adventures as they returned to their homeland.

1.

The Trojan War, although confirmed as an actual event and referred to in ancient Greek writing, is clouded with skepticism as legend. What is a logical reason for this lack of clarity?

The main characters of the Trojan War Epics were Greek gods and goddesses and the events of the war are loosely based on the sagas of the gods and goddesses

Archeological evidence shows that ancient cities could withstand a siege of only ten months not ten years

None of these

Virgil’s poem the Aeneid

All of the three provided options are correct

1/1 questions

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