Differential Equations : Initial-Value Problems

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Differential Equations

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Initial Value Problems

If  is some constant and the initial value of the function,  is six, determine the equation.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

First identify what is known.

The general function is,

 

The initial value is six in mathematical terms is,

From here, substitute in the initial values into the function and solve for .

Finally, substitute the value found for  into the original equation.

Example Question #2 : Initial Value Problems

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

So this is a separable differential equation, but it is also subject to an initial condition. This means that you have enough information so that there should not be a constant in the final answer.

You start off by getting all of the like terms on their respective sides, and then taking the anti-derivative. Your pre anti-derivative equation will look like:

Then taking the anti-derivative, you include a C value:

Then, using the initial condition given, we can solve for the value of C:

Solving for C, we get 

    which gives us a final answer of:

 

 

Example Question #3 : Initial Value Problems

Solve the initial value problem  for .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

We have  so that  and . Solving for y,

 and 

which we can write because  is just another arbitrary constant.

Plugging in our initial value, we have  leaving us with a final answer of .

 

Note, this type of equation pops up frequently in the course and is potentially good to just memorize. For , we have 

Example Question #4 : Initial Value Problems

With 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

So this is a separable differential equation with a given initial value.

To start off, gather all of the like variables on separate sides.

Then integrate, and make sure to add a constant at the end

    To solve for y, take the natural log, ln, of both sides

   Be careful not to separate this, a log(a+b) can't be separated.

Plug in the initial condition to get:

    So raising e to the power of both sides:

   Solving for C:

      giving us a final answer of:

Example Question #5 : Initial Value Problems

Solve the separable differential equation

with the initial condition 

Possible Answers:

none of these answers

Correct answer:

Explanation:

So this is a separable differential equation with a given initial value.

To start off, gather all of the like variables on separate sides. 

Notice that when you divide sec(y) to the other side, it will just be cos(y),

and the csc(x) on the bottom is equal to sin(x) on the top. 

  Integrating, we get:

 so we can plug pi/4 into both x and y:

  this gives us a C value of 

In order to solve for y, we just need to take the arcsin of both sides:

 

Example Question #6 : Initial Value Problems

Solve the differential equation

Subject to: 

Possible Answers:

none of these answers

Correct answer:

Explanation:

So if you rearrange this equation, you will arrive at a separable differential equation by adding the  to the other side:

   Now, to solve this, multiply the dx to the other side and take the anti-derivative:

Then, after the anti-derivative, make sure to add the constant C:

  Now, plug in the initial condition that y(0)=0, which will give you a C=0 as well. Then just take the square root, and you arrive at:

 Then, to get the correct answer, simplify by factoring out an  and pulling it outside of the square root to get:

 

Example Question #7 : Initial Value Problems

Solve for y

Possible Answers:

None of these answers

Correct answer:

Explanation:

So this is a separable differential equation. We can think of  as  

and  as .

Taking the anti-derivative once, we get:

 Then using the initial condition 

We get that 

So  Then taking the antiderivative one more time, we get:

 and using the initial condition 

we get the final answer of:

Example Question #8 : Initial Value Problems

If  is some constant and the initial value of the function,  is six, determine the equation.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

First identify what is known.

The general function is,

 

The initial value is six in mathematical terms is,

From here, substitute in the initial values into the function and solve for .

Finally, substitute the value found for  into the original equation.

Example Question #9 : Initial Value Problems

Solve the differential equation for y

subject to the initial condition:

Possible Answers:

none of these answers

Correct answer:

Explanation:

So this is a separable differential equation with a given initial value.

To start off, gather all of the like variables on separate sides.

Then integrate, and make sure to add a constant at the end

  

Plug in the initial condition 

   

Solving for C:

     

Which gives us: 

Then taking the square root to solve for y, we get:

 

Example Question #10 : Initial Value Problems

If  is some constant and the initial value of the function,  is six, determine the equation.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

First identify what is known.

The general function is,

 

The initial value is six in mathematical terms is,

From here, substitute in the initial values into the function and solve for .

Finally, substitute the value found for  into the original equation.

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