SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Emotional States

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #51 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Emotional States

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ENVIOUS

Possible Answers:

Incessant

Erroneous

Jealous

Excessive

Sociable

Correct answer:

Jealous

Explanation:

"Envious" means jealous; Erroneous means mistaken; Excessive means too much; Sociable means outgoing; and Incessant means continual.

Example Question #162 : Synonyms: Adjectives And Adverbs

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

OPTIMISTIC

Possible Answers:

Good

Nice

Heartfelt

Hopeful

Gloomy

Correct answer:

Hopeful

Explanation:

Someone who is "optimistic" looks at things positively or thinks that good things will happen in the future. We need to find a word with a positive meaning. We can rule out the word "gloomy" as it is the only word with a negative meaning. Out of the remaining words, "hopeful" means full of the idea that good things will happen, "heartfelt" means sincere, "good" means right or proper, and "nice" means kind. The last three words can be characteristics of a person who is optimistic, but are not themselves synonyms of the word "optimistic." "Hopeful" is the best choice. 

Example Question #52 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Emotional States

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ELEGIAC

Possible Answers:

Energetic

Worrisome

Lovely

Mournful

Calm

Correct answer:

Mournful

Explanation:

The best choice is "mournful" as something that is "elegiac" is mournful or expresses sorrow. The remaining answer choices are simply other types of emotions. The only one which might be somewhat related is the word "worrisome" which means causing worry, but "mournful" is closer in meaning to "elegiac" than is "worrisome."

Example Question #53 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Emotional States

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

BELLICOSE

Possible Answers:

Belligerent

Placid

Peaceable

Civilized

Non-confrontational

Correct answer:

Belligerent

Explanation:

"Bellicose" and "belligerent" share a root and are synonymous. Both adjectives refer to demonstrating aggression. The other words are antonyms to "bellicose." 

Example Question #54 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Emotional States

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

DISTRAUGHT

Possible Answers:

Intolerant

Fraught

Infected

Indolent

Infectious

Correct answer:

Fraught

Explanation:

"Distraught" and "fraught" are synonyms describing a frustrated emotional state. The other words do not share this meaning. "Infected" and "infectious" refer to the state of being infected with a disease and the property of being transmissible to others (usually of a disease or emotional state, like laughter) respectively.

Example Question #55 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Emotional States

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

INFURIATED

Possible Answers:

Pleased

Humored

Annoyed

Aggravated

Enraged

Correct answer:

Enraged

Explanation:

"Infuriated" and "enraged" are synonymous adjectives describing someone who feels severe anger. "Pleased" and "humored" are antonyms. "Aggravated" and "annoyed" are synonymous with each other and may refer to someone who is irritated but not necessarily extremely angry.

Example Question #56 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Emotional States

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

FLUSTERED

Possible Answers:

Alert

Clearheaded

Thoughtful

Logical

Discombobulated

Correct answer:

Discombobulated

Explanation:

"Flustered" and "discombobulated" are synonymous; they refer to someone who is frustrated with a situation. The other words do not come close to being synonyms. In fact, "thoughtful," "logical," "alert," and "clearheaded" are actually all somewhat related to each other. The one word that really stands out is "discombobulated."

Example Question #57 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Emotional States

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

LEERY

Possible Answers:

Magnanimous

Congenial

Munificent

Affable

Cautious

Correct answer:

Cautious

Explanation:

"Leery" means cautious and wary. "Affable" means friendly or amiable. "Magnanimous" is a synonym for generous, as is "munificent." "Congenial" means personable, hospitable, and genial.

Example Question #58 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Emotional States

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

RASH

Possible Answers:

Reckless

Iconic

Direct

Aggressive

Cheerful

Correct answer:

Reckless

Explanation:

"Rash" means hasty and reckless. "Direct" and "indirect" are antonyms, as are "cheerful" and "unhappy." "Iconic" means classic. "Aggressive" means antagonistic and hostile.

Example Question #59 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Emotional States

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

DISTRAUGHT

Possible Answers:

Bewildered

Bashful

Dismal

Distressed

Grim

Correct answer:

Distressed

Explanation:

"Distraught" means distressed and upset. "Bashful" means shy, and "bewildered" means confused or confounded. "Dismal" means glum and dreary, and "grim" means dark, stern, or dire, depending on context.

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