SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Cause and Effect

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #21 : Cause And Effect

Complete this analogy.

Gratuity is to beneficial as solace is to ______________.

Possible Answers:

frightening

endangering

condescending

comforting

invigorating

Correct answer:

comforting

Explanation:

A "gratuity" is a perk, some special right or advantage conveyed on someone. A "gratuity" is "beneficial" (helpful, useful), so to solve this analogy you need to determine what "solace" is. Well, "solace" is relief or consolation offered in a time of hardship or suffering. "Solace" is therefore "comforting." Additionally, "condescending" means rude and based on the premise that the speaker knows better than the person being spoken to; "invigorating" means energizing, giving vigor to

Example Question #172 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Allergy is to sneezing as injury is to __________.

Possible Answers:

falling

running

disclosing

limping

coughing

Correct answer:

limping

Explanation:

An "allergy" is a notable cause of "sneezing," or, in other words, sneezing can be a symptom of allergies. There is a direct cause and effect relationship in this case. So, to solve this question you must figure out what a symptom of an injury would be. Injuries to the leg aerate main cause of a person "limping" or walking with an impeded gait.

Example Question #92 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Complete this analogy.

Scurvy is to malnutrition as emphysema is to __________.

Possible Answers:

running 

swimming 

smoking

drinking 

eating 

Correct answer:

smoking

Explanation:

"Scurvy" is a disease caused by lack of vitamins and "malnutrition." "Malnutrition" is not having a sufficient supply of healthy or useful food. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these causes "emphysema." Well, "emphysema" is a lung disease marked by inability to breathe. It is primarily caused by "smoking." 

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