SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Cause and Effect

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Upper Level Verbal

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #82 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Smaller is to diminish as bigger is to __________.

Possible Answers:

lessen 

augment 

reduce 

shrink 

weaken 

Correct answer:

augment 

Explanation:

If you diminish something than you make it smaller so to solve this analogy you have to determine which of these answer choices describes the action of making something bigger. The correct answer is “augment” which means to increase, add to, or supplement. For clarification the four other answer choices are all used, like diminish, to describe the action of making something smaller.

Example Question #83 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Funeral is to lament as wedding is to __________.

Possible Answers:

scold

celebrate 

admonish 

mourn 

laud 

Correct answer:

celebrate 

Explanation:

A lament is an expression of grief and sadness which is an act usually undertaken at a funeral; therefore to solve this analogy you have to identify which of these acts is usually undertaken at a wedding. This should lead you to the correct answer, “celebrate.” For clarification, "mourn" means feel sorrow about a past event; "scold" and "admonish" are synonyms that mean tell-off; "laud" means praise.

Example Question #161 : Analogies

Complete this analogy.

Exhaust is to enervated as energize is to __________.

Possible Answers:

tired

nervous

dynamic

battery

invigorated

Correct answer:

invigorated

Explanation:

Someone who is exhausted is enervated. Someone who is energized is invigorated. 

Example Question #11 : Cause And Effect

Complete the analogy.

Monsoon is to flood as dehydrated is to ___________.

Possible Answers:

arid

hearty

parch

brittle

durable

Correct answer:

brittle

Explanation:

A "monsoon" is a downpour of heavy rain that results, often, in a flood. In the analogy, both 'monsoon' and "flood" are nouns. "Dehydrated" could be a past-tense verb or an adjective, and requires a matching effect.

"Brittle" (adj) is the answer because it means crisp, fragile, or easily broken into small pieces. This is an effect of being dried out, and it is a matching adjective.

"Parch" (verb) means to dry or burn and is a synonym of "dehydrated," not an effect.

"Durable" (adj) (root "dura" = hard or lasting) means able to last a long time. It is not necessarily a result of being dehydrated.

"Hearty" (adj) (root "heart" = spirit, will (the metaphorical sense)) means healthy and strong, and could be a possible antonym of dehydrated.

"Arid" (adj) means very dry, which is a synonym, not an effect.

Example Question #12 : Cause And Effect

Complete the analogy.

Award is to proud as disappointment is to ___________.

Possible Answers:

somber

attainment

forfeit

funereal

defeat

Correct answer:

somber

Explanation:

Receiving an "award" causes a feeling of pride, so the analogy demonstrates a cause and effect relationship. "Disappointment" should have a corresponding feeling, an adjective, as "proud" is an adjective.

The correct answer is "somber," which is a description of a serious, gloomy, or dark mood. Following a disappointment, a somber attitude would be a reasonable reaction.

"Defeat" (noun) means a beating or overthrow, which is certainly disappointing, but it is not conveying a mood or feeling. "Defeated" would be suitable.

"Funereal" (adj) is a very dark and depressed feeling or vibe. This is a viable option, but conveys too deep of a depression for a mere disappointment.

"Attainment" (noun) is a victory, or when something is gained, and does not describe a mood. A victory would also be the opposite of a disappointment.

"Forfeit" (noun) when one gives up their opportunity to be victorious. This may be disappointing, but does not describe a mood or feeling.

Example Question #81 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Complete this analogy.

Deify is to God as vilify is to __________.

Possible Answers:

preacher

acolyte

councilor

mentor

miscreant

Correct answer:

miscreant

Explanation:

To "deify" means to make holy, to make like a God, to treat as a God. So, to solve this analogy you have to determine which of these words means to treat like a villain, to portray someone as evil ("vilify"). The correct answer is "miscreant." A "miscreant" is a criminal, a wicked person. Additionally, a "councilor" is someone who gives advise; a "mentor" is someone with expertise who helps a beginner; an "acolyte" is an assistant; a "preacher" is a religious speaker.

Example Question #17 : Cause And Effect

Complete this analogy.

__________ is to match as drench is to shower.

Possible Answers:

Prune

Flammable

Grouse

Encumber

Singe

Correct answer:

Singe

Explanation:

A "shower" would likely make one very wet or "drench" one. To "drench" means to soak with water, to be completely wet. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these might be caused by a match. Well, a "singe" is a minor burn, so this is the correct answer. Additionally, "prune" means trim, cut into a more orderly arrangement; "grouse" means carp, complain; "encumber" means burden, weigh down with; "flammable" means able to be lit on fire, likely to catch fire.

Example Question #18 : Cause And Effect

Complete this analogy.

Reify is to real as spay is to _______________.

Possible Answers:

desiccated

soluble

poised

neuter

sterile

Correct answer:

sterile

Explanation:

To "reify" is to make something "real" or more "real." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine what it is that you make happen by "spaying" something. Well, to "spay" means to "neuter," to make "sterile," to make no longer able to have babies. Additionally, "poised" means calm and under control in a stressful situation, dignified; "desiccated" means dry, made dry by excessive heat; "soluble" means able to be dissolved in water.

Example Question #11 : Cause And Effect

Complete this analogy.

Err is to mistake as prognosticate is to _____________.

Possible Answers:

item

child

offering

prediction

film

Correct answer:

prediction

Explanation:

To "err" is to make a "mistake," to do something in error. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine what it is that you make if you "prognosticate." Well, to "prognosticate" is to make a "prediction" about the future

Example Question #92 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Complete this analogy.

Hypothermia is to cold as __________ is to oxidation.

Possible Answers:

mist

breeze

precipitation

erosion

rust 

Correct answer:

rust 

Explanation:

"Hypothermia" is an extremely dangerous medical condition resulting from prolonged exposure to the "cold." So, if "hypothermia" is caused by the "cold," what does "oxidation" cause? Well, "oxidation" is the process by which something is made "rusty," how "rust" is formed. Additionally, "erosion" is the process of reducing or moving something through prolonged exposure to wind or waves; "precipitation" is rainfall

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors