SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, and Cause/Effect

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Green is to blue as sad is to __________.

Possible Answers:

blue

frown

tears

smile

angry

Correct answer:

angry

Explanation:

The relationship between "green" and "blue" is an uncommon one: they are both types of colors. Since "sad" is an emotion, we must look for another word that is an emotion. The only choice that shares this relationship with "sad" is "angry." "Blue" is a color and unrelated in this regard. "Smile" and "frown" are facial expressions that accompany certain emotions. "Tears" can also be considered an expression of sadness, but is not an appropriate choice because "tears" are not an emotion themselves.

Example Question #1 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Complete this analogy.

Fog is to hail as red is to __________.

Possible Answers:

read

cherry

color

stop

blue

Correct answer:

blue

Explanation:

"Fog" and "hail" are both varieties of weather, so we're looking for a word which fits into the same category as "red." While both "blue" and "color" may look like potentially correct answers, "color" is the category into which "blue" and "red" both fit, and "blue" an example of something that fits into that category along with "red," so "blue" is the correct answer, because as fog and hail are both types of weather, red and blue are both colors.

Example Question #1 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Complete this analogy.

Gold is to silver as oxygen is to __________.

Possible Answers:

metal 

breathe 

atmosphere 

gas

nitrogen 

Correct answer:

nitrogen 

Explanation:

"Gold" and "silver" are both elements and precious metals, so to solve this analogy, you have to figure out which answer choice is grouped with "oxygen" in a similar fashion. Oxygen is an elemental gas, so the answer choice should also be a gas. The correct answer is therefore “nitrogen.” The answer cannot be "gas," "atmosphere," or "breathe," because although these words are related to oxygen, their relationship is not comparable to the relationship between "gold" and "silver."

Example Question #1 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Sailboat is to sail as carriage is to . . .

Possible Answers:

driver

axle

door

stagecoach

horse

Correct answer:

horse

Explanation:

Since a sail is the part of a sailboat that propels it forward, we need to pick out an answer choice that describes what part of a carriage propels it forward. While "horse," "door," and "axle" are each components of a carriage, it is a horse that propels a carriage forward by pulling it, so "horse" is the correct answer.

Example Question #121 : Analogies

Word is to sentence as __________.

Possible Answers:

paragraph is to sentence

needle is to thread

book is to page

calm is to worried

letter is to word

Correct answer:

letter is to word

Explanation:

Words are the constituent parts of sentences, so we need to pick out an answer choice in which the first word is the constituent part of the second. While "paragraph is to sentence" and "book is to page" might each look potentially correct, sentences make up paragraphs and pages make up books, not the other way around as the answer choices are listed, so neither of those answers can be correct. Letters make up words just as words make up sentences, however, so "letter is to word" is the correct answer.

Example Question #1 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Tennis shoe is to shoelace as __________.

Possible Answers:

computer is to keyboard

color is to colorful

beak is to bird

reptile is to cold-blooded

blubber is to walrus

Correct answer:

computer is to keyboard

Explanation:

A shoelace is part of a tennis shoe, so we need to pick out an answer choice in which the second word is a part of the first word. Of the potential answer choices, "beak is to bird" and "blubber is to walrus" might each look like potentially correct answers, but because each of those answers's words are in the wrong order, neither can be the correct answer—birds are not part of beaks, but the other way around, and neither are walruses part of blubber. "Computer is to keyboard," however, is the correct answer, because just as shoelaces are part of tennis shoes, keyboards are part of computers.

Example Question #1 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Chapter is to book as __________.

Possible Answers:

day is to hour

week is to month

sweep is to broom

celebrate is to holiday

tube is to toothpaste

Correct answer:

week is to month

Explanation:

A chapter is a subdivision of a book, so we need to pick out an answer choice in which the first word is a subdivision of the second. While “week is to month” and “day is to hour” might each look like a potentially correct answer, a day is not a subdivision of an hour, so “day is to hour” cannot be the correct answer. A week is a subdivision of a month, however, just as a chapter is a subdivision of a book, so “week is to month” is the correct answer.

Example Question #1 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Complete this analogy

Army is to general as team is to __________.

Possible Answers:

captain

war

play

soldier

football

Correct answer:

captain

Explanation:

An "army" is a group of soldiers lead by a general, so to solve the analogy, we need to pick out an answer choice that describes the person who leads a "team." A "captain" leads a "team," so "captain" is the correct answer.

Example Question #1 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Sleeve is to shirt as __________.

Possible Answers:

spark is to fire

ugly is to hideous

car is to wheel

branch is to tree

human is to mammal

Correct answer:

branch is to tree

Explanation:

The relationship in "sleeve is to shirt" is part to whole. The best choice is "branch is to tree" because a branch is a part of a tree. The choice "car is to wheel" demonstrates the same relationship, but the words are in the reverse order of whole to part rather than in the order of part to whole as the question is worded. As such, it is an inappropriate answer. Remember, the order of the words in the answer must appear in the same way as the question. Considering the other choices, "human is to mammal" has a categorical relationship in which humans are a type of mammal. "Spark is to fire" holds a cause and effect relationship and "ugly is to hideous" represents an increase in degree.

Example Question #7 : Part And Whole

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Engine is to plane as window is to __________.

Possible Answers:

wall

glass

drapes

wood

clear

Correct answer:

wall

Explanation:

An engine is a part of an airplane. Likewise, a window is a part of a wall, making the choice "wall" the best answer. The choice "glass" would make the relationship whole to part or characteristic of, as you can think of glass as being a part of a window or describing one type of window. A "window" is an opening in a wall and does not necessarily need to have glass in it, though it usually does. Another word for "drapes" is "curtains," both of which cover a window. "Clear" is another characteristic of a glass window. "Wood" is unrelated unless you consider that a frame for a window may be made out of wood. In that case the relationship would be whole to part.

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