SSAT Elementary Level Verbal : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, and Roots to Identify Synonyms

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Elementary Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #41 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

OMNISCIENT

Possible Answers:

Disasterous

All-knowing 

All-feeling

Prudent

All-powerful

Correct answer:

All-knowing 

Explanation:

Someone who is "omniscient" knows everything. So, the correct answer is “all-knowing.” The prefix "omni-" means everything or all. To help you, "omnipotent" means all-powerful.

Example Question #41 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

DESTITUTE

Possible Answers:

Fate

Willpower 

Generational 

Impoverished 

Polished 

Correct answer:

Impoverished 

Explanation:

The word “destitute” is related to the root word "stature." Your “stature” is your social standing. If you add the negative prefix “de-,” it means the removal of your social position. So “destitute” means extremely poor. Another word that means extremely poor is “impoverished.” To further help you, “generational” means relating to a group of people born at the same time. We can say that taste in music is "generational."

Example Question #43 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

DESPAIR

Possible Answers:

Jubilation 

Ironic 

Denigrate 

Anguish 

Disadvantage

Correct answer:

Anguish 

Explanation:

“Despair” means great suffering or sadness, which is similar in meaning to "anguish." The prefix "de-" is often used to mean down, going away, such as in “descend,” which means dropping down or “despair,” which means going down into the pits of sadness. To provide further help, “jubilation” means great happiness; “denigrate” means put down, make someone feel worse; “disadvantage” means difficulty, shortcoming; “ironic” means not serious, intended to mock something

Example Question #44 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

SYNCHRONIZE

Possible Answers:

Detract

Catastrophe

Coordinate 

Debacle 

Assailable 

Correct answer:

Coordinate 

Explanation:

The prefix "sync-" means to act together, to be unified. When we “synchronize” we make things work at or on the same time. For instance, we could synchronize our watches so that the time on them reads the same. This is closest in meaning to “coordinate.” The prefix "co-" is used similarly to the prefix "sync-." To provide further help, “detract” means take away from something; “debacle” means catastrophe, something that has gone horribly wrong; “assailable” means able to be attacked or conquered.

Example Question #41 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

ACCURATE

Possible Answers:

Benevolent

Sporadic 

Malevolent 

Incumbent 

Precise 

Correct answer:

Precise 

Explanation:

The prefix "ac-" means sharp and is used in words like “acute,” which can be used to describe a sharp mind. The word “accurate” means sharp as in correct, on the money, precise. When you fire a shot and it goes exactly where you want, we call this “precise” or “accurate.” To provide further help, “incumbent” means person already in a position of power; “sporadic” means random, infrequent; “benevolent” means good-natured; “malevolent” means bad-natured.

Example Question #46 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the word whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

COMBINE

Possible Answers:

Access

Fight 

Outline 

Merge 

Retort 

Correct answer:

Merge 

Explanation:

The prefix "com-" means with or together. Thus, it makes sense that the word “combine” means merge together. So, the correct answer is "merge," because "merge" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "combine." None of the other answer choices are close in meaning to "combine": “access,” when used as a verb, means be able to use; “retort” means answer back in an argument, often in an incisive or angry way; and “outline” means sketch or draw up a plan for something; and "fight," when used as a verb, means get into a physically violent dispute with.

Example Question #47 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the word whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

PERCEIVE

Possible Answers:

Amplify

Notice

Seclude

Consider

Justify

Correct answer:

Notice

Explanation:

The prefix "per-" means through, and the word “perceive” means become aware of something or notice something through sight. This means that the correct answer is “notice.” None of the other answer choices are close in meaning to "perceive": “seclude” means make a person or oneself be apart from others; “justify” means give logical reasons for; “amplify” means increase or intensify; and “consider” means carefully think about.

Example Question #11 : Synonyms: Using Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the word whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

MISSILE

Possible Answers:

Maneuver 

Projectile 

Antagonist 

Combat 

Replica 

Correct answer:

Projectile 

Explanation:

The prefixes "mis-" and "mit-" are used often to mean send. The word “missile” means something sent flying through the air, often as a weapon; this is closest in definition to “projectile,” a word that means something propelled into and through the air. None of the other answer choices are close in meaning to "missile": “combat” is physical fighting; a “replica” is an exact copy; a “maneuver” is a movement that is difficult to perform; and an “antagonist” is a villain in a story that opposes the hero.

Example Question #49 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the word whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

SEQUEL

Possible Answers:

Chapter

Continuation

Series

Prequel 

Motorcade 

Correct answer:

Continuation

Explanation:

A “sequel” is a movie or book that continues a story established in an earlier movie or book. Like words like "sequence," "sequel" is derived from the Latin word "sequi," which means follow. This makes sense; a sequel follows a previous story or movie in a sequence. "Continuation" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "sequel," so "continuation" is the correct answer. As for the other answer choices, none are close in meaning to "sequel": a “motorcade” is a procession of cars associated with a specific event; a “prequel” is a movie or book that tells the story of what happened before an already established movie or book; "series" means a group things in a specific order or an extended story told over the course of several individual books or movies; and a "chapter" is an individual division of a book.

Example Question #50 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the word whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

DYNAMIC

Possible Answers:

Damaging

Quaint

Timid

Forceful

Ostentatious

Correct answer:

Forceful

Explanation:

The prefix "dynam-" means related to force or power, so something that is “dynamic” is active or forceful. As for the other answer choices, “quaint” means old-fashioned in a good way; “timid” means shy or meek; “ostentatious” means overtly extravagant and luxurious; and “damaging” means harmful

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