SSAT Elementary Level Verbal : Synonyms

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Elementary Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Synonyms

A synonym of "calamity" is . . .

Possible Answers:

remainder

catastrophe

terrible

shoddy

inhabit

Correct answer:

catastrophe

Explanation:

Since "calamity" is a noun that means "disaster," we need to find another noun that also means "disaster." While a calamity can be terrible, "terrible" does not mean the same thing as "calamity" does, so it can't be the answer. Two of the answer choices are nouns: "catastrophe" and "remainder." Since a "remainder" means "something that is left over" and "catastrophe" means "disaster," "catastrophe" is the right answer.

Example Question #2 : Synonyms

A synonym of "delight" is . . .

Possible Answers:

frown

happiness

emotion

face

joyful

Correct answer:

happiness

Explanation:

Since "delight" is a noun that means "joy," we need to find another noun that also means "joy." While "joyful" might look like a good answer, "joyful" is an adjective, not a noun, so it can't be the answer. (A person can be joyful, but delight is a thing. We're looking for another thing, not a word that describes things.) Since "happiness" also means "joy," "happiness" is the correct answer.

Example Question #3 : Synonyms

Which word is a synonym for terror in the sentence above?

He was full of terror as he ran from the haunted house.

Possible Answers:

confidence

None of the other answer choices

glee

horror

joy

Correct answer:

horror

Explanation:

The words horror and terror allow the sentence to maintain a similar meaning.

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Which is a synonym for the word desire?

His desire for ice cream intesified as they drove past the ice cream parlor. 

Possible Answers:

hatred

disgust

need

None of the other answer choices

repulsion

Correct answer:

need

Explanation:

The word need can be substitued into the original sentence to maintain it's meaning.

Example Question #5 : Synonyms

A synonym of "mimicry" is . . .

Possible Answers:

intelligence

individuality

dreariness

wackiness

impersonation

Correct answer:

impersonation

Explanation:

"Mimicry" is a noun that means "the action or art of imitating someone or something, typically in order to entertain or ridicule," so we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like "the action or art of imitating someone or something." "Individuality," then, cannot be the correct answer, because "individuality" means "the quality or character of a particular person or thing that distinguishes them from others of the same kind, especially when strongly marked." That means that "individuality" is closer to being an antonym of "mimicry" than a synonym. "Impersonation," however, is a noun that means "an act of pretending to be another person for the purpose of entertainment or fraud," and because "impersonation" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "mimicry," "impersonation" is the correct answer.

Example Question #2 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of “suggestion” is __________.

Possible Answers:

luck

idea

emotion

demand

problem

Correct answer:

idea

Explanation:

“Suggestion” is a noun that means “something put forward for consideration,” so we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like “idea.” That means that “demand” cannot be the correct answer, because “demand,” when used as a noun, means “an insistent request,” making it an antonym, not a synonym, of “suggestion.” “Idea,” however, is a noun that means “a thought or suggestion,” and because “idea” is the answer choice closest in meaning to “suggestion,” “idea” is the correct answer.

Example Question #7 : Synonyms

A synonym of “dilemma” is . . .

Possible Answers:

weakness

travel

difficulty

worry

decision

Correct answer:

difficulty

Explanation:

“Dilemma” is a noun that means “a difficult situation or problem,” so we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like “problem.” That means that “decision” cannot be the correct answer, because “decision” means “a conclusion or resolution reached after consideration,” a definition quite far in meaning from “dilemma.” “Difficulty,” however, is a noun that can mean “a thing that is hard to accomplish, deal with, or understand” or “a situation that is difficult or dangerous,” and because “difficulty” is the answer choice closest in meaning to “dilemma,” “difficulty” is the correct answer.

Example Question #8 : Synonyms

Synonyms: choose the word that has the closest meaning to the word in question.

Distance

Possible Answers:

Tunnel

Car

Opponent

Pounds

Length

Correct answer:

Length

Explanation:

"Distance" means the full length of something; opponent is your competitor or rival; tunnel is usually an underground path in which cars pass through; a car is vehicle used for travel on land; and pounds is the unit for weight.

Example Question #3 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: choose the word closest in meaning to the word in question.

Resistance

Possible Answers:

Symbol

Summary

Opposition

Budget

Expedition

Correct answer:

Opposition

Explanation:

"Resistance" means opposition; expedition means journey; summary means a statement of the main points; a symbol represents something; and a budget is a financial plan.

Example Question #10 : Synonyms

Synonyms: choose the answer that is closest in meaning to the word in question.

Value

Possible Answers:

Glove

Reward

Behavior

Area

Worth

Correct answer:

Worth

Explanation:

"Value" means cost or worth.

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