SAT II World History : Russia in World War I

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : World War I

Which of these major powers was most involved and invested in the Balkan region during the First World War? 

Possible Answers:

The United States

France

Germany

Italy

Russia

Correct answer:

Russia

Explanation:

For much of the nineteenth century, the Russians had shown a distinct interest in the Balkan region. Russia wanted a port city to directly access the Mediterranean, but the Russians also saw themselves as the same, or similar, nationality as the Serbian people living in the Balkan region. The Serbs at the time were under the dominion of the Austria-Hungary Empire, and Russia sought to help free the Serbs.

Example Question #2 : Russia In World War I

What name was given to the Russian legislature during the Tsarist regime?

Possible Answers:

The Kremlin

Comintern

Glasnost

The Duma

The Reichstag

Correct answer:

The Duma

Explanation:

The Russian legislature was called the Duma. It was created by the Tsar to give in to calls for democracy, but in reality, it had limited powers to effect legislation.

Example Question #11 : World War I

Rasputin was __________.

Possible Answers:

a supporter of Lenin's who undermined the Tsarist regime from the inside

a religious mystic who held influence over the Russian royal family

a leader of the Mensheviks who tried to sieze power during the Russian Revolution

a traitor who sold Russian military secrets to the Germans

killed during the siege of Leningrad

Correct answer:

a religious mystic who held influence over the Russian royal family

Explanation:

Rasputin was a religious mystic who held great influence over the Russian royal family. Much of his influence was derived from his ability to keep one of the royal children alive. (The boy was a hemophiliac.) When Nicholas II was away leading troops at the front, his wife ruled the government, and the fact that she was considered under the control of a mystic led to much public outcry. 

Example Question #41 : 1900 C.E. To Present

Which of the following is the name given to Lenin's faction of the Communist Party and the Russian Revolution?

Possible Answers:

The Duma

The Bolsheviks

The Mensheviks

The Red Army

The Cominterns

Correct answer:

The Bolsheviks

Explanation:

The Russian Revolution occurred in 1917 and saw Russia pulled out of the First World War. The monarchy was replaced by a communist government run by Lenin and the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks differed from the Mensheviks in that they favored an immediate and artificial revolution.

Example Question #1 : Russia In World War I

Kulaks were __________.

Possible Answers:

wealthy Russian peasants

rebels

supported by Stalin

members of the Red Army

exiled to Russia

Correct answer:

wealthy Russian peasants

Explanation:

Kulaks were wealthy Russian peasants who emerged as significant landowners in the first decade of the twentieth century. They were branded as enemies of the state and of the communist ideal by Lenin and Stalin and persecuted in the years following the First World War.

Example Question #6 : Russia In World War I

Russia’s involvement in World War One ended with __________.

Possible Answers:

complete capitulation to the Germans

the forces of the Red Army reaching Berlin

the rise of the tsarist monarchy

the death of Josef Stalin

the Russian Revolution

Correct answer:

the Russian Revolution

Explanation:

During World War One the Russians, like many European nations, suffered catastrophic and unprecedented losses of military personnel. Millions of Russians died on the frontline and millions more starved in the interior of the country itself. This provided the impetus for the Russian Revolution when the tsarist monarchy was overthrown and replaced with Communism led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin. Lenin withdrew Russia from the First World War.

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