SAT II World History : Ice Age and Migration

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Prehistory To 500 C.E.

The earliest settlers of North America arrived __________.

Possible Answers:

when Columbus and the Europeans discovered the land

from South America by migrating north to find more forgiving climates

from Africa by crossing a land bridge that existed for several thousand years

from Asia by crossing over the Bering Strait during an ice age

from the Carribean by sailing to North America during a period of intense famine

Correct answer:

from Asia by crossing over the Bering Strait during an ice age

Explanation:

The earliest settlers of North America arrived from Asia. The people would have crossed the Bering Straight (between modern day Russia and Alaska) during an ice age and migrated south throughout the whole continent searching for food and shelter. 

Example Question #1 : Global Developments

The Maori people migrated from Polynesia to __________.

Possible Answers:

Thailand

Sri Lanka

India

New Zealand

Hawaii

Correct answer:

New Zealand

Explanation:

The Maori people migrated from Polynesia to the islands of New Zealand. They are considered the indigenous people of New Zealand, although it is worth noting that they arrived from Polynesia around 1000-1200 CE. 

Example Question #1 : Prehistory To 500 C.E.

The Bantu Migration involved people ________.

Possible Answers:

moving from the Middle East to Europe and Asia

moving from South Africa to North and West Africa 

moving from North Africa to Europe and the Middle East

moving from Europe to North and South America

moving from West Africa to South and East Africa 

Correct answer:

moving from West Africa to South and East Africa 

Explanation:

The Bantu people are one of the earliest organized civilizations in African History. They originated in West Africa and, over a period of several thousand years, migrated South and East. The Bantu Migration is used to explain the similarities between languages and culture across Western, Southern, and Eastern Africa. It is estimated that the Bantu Migration (also called the Bantu Expansion) ended in South Africa as recently as 300 C.E., although historians have largely been unable to confirm this due to the dearth of archaeological evidence. 

Example Question #1 : Global Developments

The pre-colonial native people of Australia are known as __________.

Possible Answers:

Ainu

Maori

Aborigines

Peloponnesians

Inuit

Correct answer:

Aborigines

Explanation:

The Aborigines are the native people of Australia. They arrived there from South Asia tens of thousands of years ago, most probably between 40,000 and 50,000 years ago. They lived as the dominant people of Australia until the arrival of the Europeans in the eighteenth century, who relegated the Aborigines to second-class status.

Example Question #2 : Ice Age And Migration

The "Bantu Migration" occurred in __________.

Possible Answers:

the Far East

Eastern Europe

the Middle East

North and South America

Central and Southern Africa

Correct answer:

Central and Southern Africa

Explanation:

The "Bantu Migration" is the term used to describe the movement of the Bantu people, and their culture and language, around Central and Southern Africa, starting around 1000 BCE and lasting for roughly 1300 years. Languages in Bantu language groups continue to be spoken to this day and include Swahili, Zulu, and Kirundi.

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