ISEE Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #172 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PRETENCE

Possible Answers:

Imagining

Describing

Forcing

Conceptualizing

Faking

Correct answer:

Faking

Explanation:

The word "pretence" is related to pretending, but do not confuse it with words like "conceptualize" and "imagining." Yes, when we pretend, we use our imaginations and our minds. The word "pretence," however, does more with making up something so as to be deceptive. A "pretence" is a fake appearance. For example, someone might have a kind of pretence that makes himself look more intelligent than he actually is.

Example Question #173 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

HINDRANCE

Possible Answers:

Obstruction

Annoyance

Pressure

Irritation

Detachment

Correct answer:

Obstruction

Explanation:

The word "hindrance" quite clearly is related to the word "hinder," meaning to make more difficult. A "hindrance" is the very thing that makes matters more difficult. Therefore, it is a kind of obstacle that gets in the way. A "hindrance" can be either physical or more abstract. Thus, a tree in the middle of the road is a hindrance for travel. Emotions that are very strong might be hindrance in the way of someone accomplishing a given goal.

Example Question #243 : Synonyms: Nouns

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

EPITOME

Possible Answers:

Exemplar

Cavity

Trench

Book

Estate

Correct answer:

Exemplar

Explanation:

Perhaps you have used the word "epitome" without completely knowing its meaning. For example, you can say, "He was the epitome of kindness," or, "The book was the epitome of a depressing story." These expressions mean something like, "He was like a personification of kindness itself," and, "The book completely expressed the essence of a depressing story."

An epitome is the perfect kind of example or case of something else. Hence, the book was a perfect example of a depressing story, and the person was a perfect example of human kindness. Hence, the word "exemplar" works well. An exemplar is more than a mere example. It means a perfect example of something else

Example Question #174 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ANNAL

Possible Answers:

Legislator

Respect

Punishment

Archive

Player

Correct answer:

Archive

Explanation:

Perhaps you have heard an expression like "the annals of the king." Granted, the word is not the most popular of words today. It is used to describe the records that might be kept for a given year. Most often, it refers to the official records for that year—be they for a kingdom or for a modern nation. For this question, the only option that expresses this idea of having records is "archive." An "archive" is a stored set of documents for a given period of time about some particular thing or group.

Example Question #175 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

TRACT

Possible Answers:

Estate

Allowance

Property

Field

Expanse

Correct answer:

Expanse

Explanation:

Most frequently, you will see the word "tract" used in the expression "tract of land." A "tract of land" is a large piece of land of any kind. Hence, the best option among those provided is "expanse." Think of "expanse" as indicating an "expansive" piece of land. All of the other options pertain to this or that kind of land—inherited, only a field, etc. Only "expanse" captures the large size of a "tract" of land.

Example Question #176 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

TURBULENCE

Possible Answers:

Danger

Breeze

Upheaval

Aircraft

Gale

Correct answer:

Upheaval

Explanation:

Perhaps you have heard the word "turbulence" in the context of flying. When an aircraft is experiencing bad winds mid-flight, the craft begins shaking, and the pilot will say that the plane is experiencing turbulence. This means that it is experiencing a disturbance. The word "turbulence" can apply to any kind of disturbance, not merely wind disturbances in a plane. It can also apply metaphorically to situations in which there are drastic unexpected changes to the normal state of things in a given field, e.g. "political turbulence" or "economic turbulence." Therefore, the best option is "upheaval," and not words like "aircraft," "gale," or "breeze."

Example Question #177 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CAVITY

Possible Answers:

Decay

Destruction

Burial

Hole

Blemish

Correct answer:

Hole

Explanation:

A number of the incorrect options for this question try to get you to misuse your experiences at the dentist. If you have a cavity in one of your teeth, this likely occurred because of tooth decay; however, the "cavity" is not the decay process itself. Instead, it is the result of that process. It is the little hole in the enamel of your tooth. Therefore, the best option for "cavity" is the simple word "hole." Indeed, the word "cavity" can be used to describe any kind of hollow space, not merely the kind caused by tooth decay!

Example Question #177 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

TREPIDATION

Possible Answers:

Invigorating

Dread

Crude

Uncivil

Cool

Correct answer:

Dread

Explanation:

The word "trepidation" comes from Latin roots meaning to tremble. Whenever we say that someone is "full of trepidation," we are indicating that the person is disturbed and hence is likely trembling with fear or anxiety. The word can also be used to indicate the feeling of dread that causes such shaking. This is how it is being used in this question.

Example Question #178 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

TUMULT

Possible Answers:

Unrest

Debate

Forcefulness

Disagreement

Discussion

Correct answer:

Unrest

Explanation:

Perhaps you know the adjective "tumultuous." This describes someone or something that is very agitated and not at peace. The word "tumult" describes this state of affairs. In a rather obvious way, we can say, "A tumultuous person lives in a state of tumult." The word "unrest" is a combination of the prefix "un-", meaning not, and "rest." Whenever something is in a state of unrest, it is not at peace for sure! Hence, this word is a good synonym for "tumult."

Example Question #241 : Synonyms: Nouns

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

GALE

Possible Answers:

Downpour

Squall

Breeze

Wind

Deluge

Correct answer:

Squall

Explanation:

A "gale" is a strong wind, so you must look for a word that adequately expresses this idea of being a strong windstorm among the options provided. Two of the options deal with strong rains, namely "deluge" and "downpour." The options "wind" and "breeze" do not indicate a strong enough sort of windstorm. Only "squall" describes a kind of sudden and very strong wind.

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