ISEE Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Isee Middle Level (Grades 7 8) Verbal Reasoning

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

CIRCUMVENT. 

Possible Answers:

Extol 

Examine 

Excel 

Avoid 

Harangue

Correct answer:

Avoid 

Explanation:

The prefix circum- means round, or to go around, and in this instance “circumvent” means to go around something that you wish to avoid. To provide further help, “harangue” means berate, criticize; “excel” means do very well in; “extol” means praise; “examine” means look at

Example Question #2 : Isee Middle Level (Grades 7 8) Verbal Reasoning

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

RECLAMATION. 

Possible Answers:

Conjecture 

Vehemence 

Retrieval 

Evaluation 

Umbrage 

Correct answer:

Retrieval 

Explanation:

A “reclamation” is an attempt to recover something and as such is most similar in meaning to retrieval.

“Umbrage” is offense; “conjecture” is guesswork based on some evidence; “evaluation” means assessment, appraisal; “vehemence” means intensity and forcefulness

Example Question #2 : Isee Middle Level (Grades 7 8) Verbal Reasoning

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

MALADY. 

Possible Answers:

Absolution 

Medicine 

Zoology 

Illness

Ultimatum 

Correct answer:

Illness

Explanation:

A “malady” is something that negatively affects someone, like an illness.

To provide further help, “zoology” is the study of animals; “absolution” is forgiveness from blame; an “ultimatum” is a final demand or opportunity to correct mistakes

Example Question #1 : Isee Middle Level (Grades 7 8) Verbal Reasoning

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

ALTRUISM. 

Possible Answers:

Selflessness

Harbinger 

Potential 

Component 

Placebo 

Correct answer:

Selflessness

Explanation:

The prefix alt- means other, and in this instance the word “altruism” literally means concern for the well-being of others. As such, it is closest in meaning to selflessness, which is the opposite of selfishness.

A “harbinger” is a bad omen; a “component” is a part of something larger; a “placebo” is something given to a patient that has no physical effect, but might do the patient some good because the patient believes it does have a physical effect

Example Question #4 : Isee Middle Level (Grades 7 8) Verbal Reasoning

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

ANTIQUATED. 

Possible Answers:

Antediluvian

Pathogen 

Antibody 

Postmodernism

Contemporary 

Correct answer:

Antediluvian

Explanation:

The prefix anti- most commonly means old or ancient. So something that is “antiquated” is archaic, ancient, or outdated. This is synonymous to antediluvian, which means prehistoric, ancient.

To provide further help, an “antibody” is something naturally produced in the body to fight off disease; here the prefix anti- more closely means against. A “pathogen” is a virus or bacterium carrying disease. Additionally, “contemporary” means modern, of the current time period, and “postmodern” is a school of thought that has arisen in the last few decades that focuses on self-conscious analysis and deconstruction and a rejection of the notion of high art or ultimate truth. Postmodernism might be confusing to you, but recognize that it has nothing to do with the word in question and is thus irrelevant.

Example Question #2 : Isee Middle Level (Grades 7 8) Verbal Reasoning

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

ANTINOMY. 

Possible Answers:

Parallel 

Paradox

Ornery 

Opulence 

Perpendicular

Correct answer:

Paradox

Explanation:

“Antimony” is a conclusion reached in philosophy, law, or science that seems contradictory to another conclusion; the answer choice that is closest in meaning is paradox. A “paradox” is a logical inconsistency.

To provide further help, “parallel” means running side-by-side; “perpendicular” means opposite to parallel, intersecting only once; “opulence” is great luxury and wealth; “ornery” means irritable

Example Question #7 : Isee Middle Level (Grades 7 8) Verbal Reasoning

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

VOCIFEROUS

Possible Answers:

Loud 

Soft 

Edgy 

Silent 

Quiet 

Correct answer:

Loud 

Explanation:

The root "voc-" usually means related to speech, and indeed someone who is “vociferous” is extremely “loud” and enthusiastic about something. To provide further help, “edgy” means anxious or trend-setting.

Example Question #1 : Identifying Synonyms When Words Have Multiple Meanings

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ASSEMBLE

Possible Answers:

Vend

Benefit

Compute

Question

Make

Correct answer:

Make

Explanation:

“Assemble” can mean put together from parts or come together as a group, so "make" is the correct answer. “Benefit” means provide help to; “vend” means sell; and “compute” means calculate.

Example Question #6 : Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ELEVATED 

Possible Answers:

Rocky

Noble

Redundant

Breezy

Intelligent

Correct answer:

Noble

Explanation:

The word "elevated" means, most generally, "higher than other things." Now, this most often is used to describe physical elevation—as in the elevated mountains in contrast to valleys and hills. However, it can also be applied to things that are elevated in the sense of being more noble or important. Thus, elevated discussion is discussion of important and noble things. Thus, among the words provided, the only option that directly recognizes such "heights" is "noble." Remember, "noble" not only refers to the person such as a prince or king. It also is an adjective meaning "excellent."

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Distinguishing Between Multiple Definitions

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

BASE 

Possible Answers:

Infantry

Immoral

Figurative

Militant

Footstool

Correct answer:

Immoral

Explanation:

You most likely use "base" in the physical sense, describing something that is at the bottom of another thing—as in the base of a statue or some other thing. However, the meaning can be extended to mean anything that is low. This often is used to describe low morals or bad moral standards. Thus, to call something "base" is to say that the thing is immoral or very unacceptable. Thus, the best option here is "immoral."

Several of the other options try to trick you. A footstool seems low, but it is not synonymous with "base" even in the first sense discussed above. Also, we do often think of "military bases." However, these "bases" are the actual physical locations for the soldiers. The word is not synonymous with "militant" or "infantry".

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