HSPT Verbal : Antonyms

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for HSPT Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #181 : Antonyms

An antonym of "fortunately" is __________.

Possible Answers:

amazingly

mercifully

luckily

mistakenly

lamentably

Correct answer:

lamentably

Explanation:

The adverb "fortunately" describes a circumstance that is positive or happy. To say, "Fortunately, a student raised her hand in response to the question," is like saying, "It is a fortunate and positive thing that a student raised her hand in response to the question." The word "lament" means to wail or otherwise express sadness greatly. When we say that something "lamentably happened," we mean to say that it is unfortunate or sad that it happened. This is quite the opposite of something fortunately happening.

Example Question #2 : Antonyms: Adverbs

An antonym of "liberally" is __________.

Possible Answers:

idiotically

reactively

judgmentally

barely

bounteously

Correct answer:

barely

Explanation:

A number of these wrong answers are trying to appeal to biases that have been created by stereotypes in our culture regarding being politically liberal. However, such stereotypes are unadvisable—both in day to day life and when answering a question like this one. Therefore, we must look for another answer. The adjective "liberal" means generous when used in a phrase like "a liberal amount of water." The adverb "barely" is a good contrast to "liberally"—think of "barely enough water" and "liberally poured water."

Example Question #3 : Antonyms: Adverbs

An antonym of "solemnly" is __________.

Possible Answers:

amusingly

frivolously

rudely

atheistically

grimly

Correct answer:

frivolously

Explanation:

When something is solemn, it is a serious affair. A "solemn" church service is one that is weighty and given importance. A "solemn" speech is one that is given on an important day or about an important matter. To do something "solemnly" is to do it in a way that recognizes such importance. In contrast to this, to do something "frivolously" is to treat it as being unimportant. This is derived from the adjective "frivolous," meaning not having a serious value. It is also related to "frivolity," meaning light-hearted activity without any real weight.

Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Adverbs

An antonym of "cheerfully" is __________.

Possible Answers:

maturely

amazingly

hopelessly

flatly

regularly

Correct answer:

hopelessly

Explanation:

The adjective "cheerful" is, of course, very familiar. It generally is taken to mean "happy." In addition to this basic sense, both the adjective and the adverb "cheerfully" connote a kind of optimism as well—i.e. looking on the "bright side" of things. Pessimism or hopelessness is opposed to such cheerfulness; therefore, the best option among those given is the adverb "hopelessly."

Example Question #5 : Antonyms: Adverbs

An antonym of "generally" is __________.

Possible Answers:

broadly

discretely

rarely

miserably

pedantically

Correct answer:

rarely

Explanation:

The adverb "generally" can indicate that something happens in a broad, unspecified manner or that something happens in most cases. For instance we could say, "Generally speaking, it is true that scientists are good at math." We contrast such general speaking to being specific or particular. We can likewise contrast it to something that does not happen usually—i.e. something that happens rarely. For instance, "Generally, it does not rain in Southern California. However, it does rarely happen that it rains quite a bit in short bursts."

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